Abrasive Paper or Cloth Preparation

Note:

Description

Code 1860 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing abrasive paper or cloth commonly known as sandpaper or emery cloth in the form of belts, sheets, rolls, or special shapes.  The "Making Machine" is usually a grouping of three units, i.e., a printer, an adhesive coater and an abrasive grain dispenser.  This equipment may be manually operated, semiautomatic or fully automatic.  Backing, received from outside sources (cloth, paper and combination of these laminated together) is started through the printer which imprints the backside with the trademark, grade number and other identifications.  The backing then receives an application of an adhesive bond varying in concentration and quantity according to particle size of the mineral to be bonded.  The abrasive grains are applied either by a mechanical or an electrostatic method.  Other basic materials, received from outside sources, are abrasive grains, resins, varnishes, glues and commercial minerals such as flint, emery, crocus, garnet, aluminum oxide, and silicon carbide.

Assignment By Analogy

Sanding discs or belts manufacturing

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Abrasive wheels or abrasive grinding wheels.  Refer to Code 1748 “Abrasive Wheel Mfg. & Drivers.”

  2. Manufacturing:
    1. Cloth.  Refer to Code 2302 “Silk Thread or Yarn Mfg.”
    2. Paper.  Refer to Code 4239 “Paper Mfg.”

Abrasive Wheel Mfg. & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 1748 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing abrasive wheels or abrasive blocks by heat molding, hydraulic pressure or plating type processes and includes finishing by grinding, polishing or buffing.  This classification is also used for manufacturing sharpening stones for use in honing knives or other implements, and products made from blocks of soapstone, talc or alabaster by cutting and shaping into objects.
 
For abrasive wheel manufacturing, materials such as, but not limited to, powdered silicon carbide, silicon oxide, carborundum, boron, sand, diamond dust, resins, fiberglass, rubber and cement are mixed to a proprietary formula.  The mixed materials are placed in steel molds, compressed using hydraulic presses, and allowed to harden.  They can be further cured by placing in an oven at low or high heat depending on materials used in the formula.  Then they are removed from the molds and can be milled, drilled and turned on a lathe, plus fitted with steel shanks.  Abrasive wheels can also be made by using steel wheel blanks and coating these with diamond dust using a nickel based electroplating solution.  The abrasive wheels are then finished by machining. 

For honed or oil stone products manufacturing, a suitable type of fine-grained rock is cut, turned on a lathe, shaped with various grinding equipment and smoothed with belt and disc sanders.  Items such as figurines or decorative products that require minimal sanding made from soapstone, talc or alabaster are made in a similar manner.

Assignment By Analogy

Diamond polishing wheels

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Abrasive paper (sandpaper) or cloth (emery cloth).  Refer to Code 1860 “Abrasive Paper or Cloth Preparation.”
    2. Artificial: abrasives, carbon or graphite.  Refer to Code 1439 “Smelting – Electric Process.”
  2. Grinding
    1. Materials such as emery, talc and other minerals which do not contain more than 5% free silica, to a fine powder.  Refer to Code 1747 “Emery Works & Drivers.”
    2. Silica or other materials that contain more than 5% free silica, to a fine powder.  Refer to Code 1741 “Flint or Spar Grinding & Drivers.”
  3. Crushing of rocks, stones or minerals, but not pulverizing them to a powder, when no digging, mining or quarrying is performed.  Refer to Code 1710 “Stone Crushing & Drivers.”

  4. Cutting and polishing stone other than as described above.  Refer to Code 1809 “Stone Cutting or Polishing – Marble or Limestone & Drivers” or Code 1810 “Stone Cutting or Polishing – NOC & Drivers.”

  5. Gluing abrasives to purchased paper or cloth to make sandpaper type products.  Refer to Code 1860 “Abrasive Paper or Cloth Preparation.” 

  6. Ore milling.  Refer to Code 1452 “Ore Milling & Drivers.”

  7. Quarrying.  Refer to Code 1624 “Quarry – NOC & Drivers.”

Advertising Co. – All Operations to Completion & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 9549 applies to employers engaged in operating an advertising company which rent spaces on building walls and will also lease rights on roofs of buildings which are owned by others.  The employer will then attempt to interest prospective clients in advertising matter concerning their product via painting on the wall of a building or on a sign erected on the roof of such leased building.  The employer may use ladders, scaffolds and/or manlifts to access the designated wall or roof sign.  The employer may also make small wood or metal signs and set them up along highways and lease out the space for advertising purposes.  This classification includes the sign painting or lettering on exterior building walls or other surfaces along with the manufacturing, erection, maintenance, repair, or removal of the signs. 
 

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Bill posting.  Refer to Code 9545 “Bill Posting – All Operations to Completion.”

  2. Installation of signs not by an advertising company.  Refer to Code 9552 “Sign Erection or Repair – Away From Shop – Not Outdoor Advertising Companies – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  3. Manufacturing:
    1. Metal signs not by an advertising company.  Refer to Code 3064 “Sign Mfg. or Repair – Metal – Shop Only.”
    2. Neon tubes not by an advertising company.  Refer to Code 4112 “Incandescent Lamp Mfg.”
    3. Plastic (compression-injection molded) signs not by an advertising company.  Refer to Code 4475 “Plastics Mfg. – Molded Products – NOC.”
    4. Plastic (finishing and assembly) signs not by an advertising company.  Refer to Code 4476 “Plastics Mfg. – Molded Products – NOC – Assembling and Subsequent Finishing Only.”
    5. Plastic (from sheet plastic) signs not by an advertising company.  Refer to Code 4452 “Plastics Mfg. – Fabricated Products – NOC.”
    6. Wood signs not by an advertising company.  Refer to Code 2841 “Woodenware Mfg. – NOC.”

Agricultural or Construction Machinery Mfg.

Note:

Description

Code 3507 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing agricultural or construction machinery.  Agricultural machinery such as reapers, binders, hay loaders and construction machinery such as cranes, steam shovels, locomotive works and as well as other machinery or equipment manufacturing listed below are encompassed under the scope of this classification.

Metal bar stock is laid out, cut to size and machined by milling, drilling, tapping, turning, and grinding.  Sheet stock is cut to size and formed to shape on press brakes.  Metal parts are assembled by welding and bolting.

Component parts such as motors are bolted into place and connections are made by using wire and tubes.  Wheels are attached.  Machines are then tested, adjusted and then shipped to customers.

Assignment By Analogy

• Derricks or stills – oil
• Oil rigs

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Erection or installation of machinery or electrical apparatus equipment at the customer’s premises.  Refer to Code 3724 “Machinery or Equipment Erection or Installation – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

Air Conditioning and Heating Duct Work – Shop and Outside – All Operations to Completion & Drivers

Note:

Not available for division of payroll at the same job or location to which Code 5538 “Sheet Metal Work Erection, Installation or Repair – NOC – Shop or Outside – All Operations to Completion & Drivers” applies.

Description

Code 5536 applies to employers engaged in the fabrication, erection, installation or repair of duct work including the installation of air conditioning and blower units.  This work may be performed for residential or commercial concerns.  The heating and ventilation system may be designed by the actual contractor performing the work.  The contractor will go to the customer’s site, take the required measurements and then draw the prints for the job.  Sometimes, the customer will provide the contractor with the specifications indicating the duct work dimensions.  The ducts for heating and ventilation systems are fabricated from sheet metal stock, usually aluminum, stainless steel and galvanized sheet stock.  The gauge of the stock varies.  After fabrication, the ducts are transported to the job site for installation.   

Once the heating or air conditioning unit is installed, the water and electrical connections must be made.  These operations are usually performed by outside concerns.  When the unit is fully connected, the contractor will connect the unit to the power source and test it to make sure that it is operating properly.  The heating or cooling unit must be filled with a refrigerant to ensure proper working condition, and it is also necessary to have the HVAC unit sized correctly to achieve the proper airflow.

Assignment By Analogy

• Hot air – duct work and furnaces – household type – installation        
• Vacuum – central cleaning systems – duct type – sheet metal – custom manufacturing and installation

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Plumbing work.  Refer to Code 5183 “Plumbing – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  2. Electrical work.  Refer to Code 5190 “Electrical Wiring – Within Buildings – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  3. Service or repair of HVAC units after installation.  Refer to Code 3737 “Machinery or Equipment Repair or Servicing at Customers’ Premises – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

Aircraft Engine Mfg.

Note:

Description

Code 3826 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing aircraft engines or to the rebuilding of complete aircraft engines on an assembly line basis.  The basic raw materials include magnesium, iron castings, aluminum and steel forgings.  The equipment used in the manufacturing of the aircraft engines consist of lathes, millers, planers, shapers, boring mills, gear cutters, honers and lappers.  The castings and forgings are snagged, drilled, milled, planed, shaped, tapped, turned by machine, plated, ground, honed or hand-lapped to complete cylinder block, head, cam and crankshaft.  Cam, crankshaft, bearings, fans, gears, pistons and rings are assembled into block by hand and power tools.  The subassemblies such as clutches, carburetors, generators, ignition units, starters, transmissions, belts, and general hardware are then installed by using hand tools or by using power tools.  The engines are inspected, tested, packed and shipped to the employer’s customers.  The aircraft engines are sold to the aviation industry.

Repairing aircraft engines is included under this classification.  The repair of these engines is similar to manufacturing with the exception that the engine is received whole and not put on an assembly line to manufacture the castings.  The employer will receive the engines from their customers and will test for broken parts and defects.  The engines are taken apart and cleaned and worn or broken parts are either repaired or replaced.  If necessary, the parts or castings will be machined by tapping, drilling, turning or honing.  The engines are reassembled, tested, adjusted as required and sent back to the employer’s customers.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Automobile engines manufacturing – diesel or gasoline.  Refer to Code 3827 “Automobile Engine Mfg.”

Airplane Mfg.

Note:

Code 3830 and Code 3832 “Sheet Metal Airplane Parts Mfg.” shall not be assigned to the same employer unless the operations described by these classifications are conducted as separate and distinct businesses.

Description

Code 3830 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing airplanes and helicopters.  The operations covered under this classification include the manufacturing of various parts such as engines, subassemblies, panels, doors, wing tabs, exhaust manifolds as well as other parts that are used in the production of the airplanes or helicopters.  Fuselage or wing production involves wiring of equipment received from others such as controls and navigation equipment.  Electrical systems, fuel lines and brake systems are connected, and landing gear is attached.  Sheet metal is cut to size and machined in accordance with blueprint specifications to form the body parts of the airplane or helicopter.

An employer assigned to this classification must fabricate or assemble airplanes or helicopters to completion, either with parts that they have fabricated themselves or with parts purchased from others.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Aircraft engine manufacturing only.  Refer to Code 3826 “Aircraft Engine Mfg.”                   

Alcohol Mfg. – Wood & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 1470 applies to employers engaged in wood distillation plants utilizing steam or destructive distillation processes to produce alcohol-based products.  In both cases, cord wood is purchased cut to size.  In steam distillation plants, it is necessary to grind the wood to produce chips to enable the steam to thoroughly saturate the wood being processed.  In the destructive distillation process, which is comparable to charcoal manufacturing, cord wood is simply placed on steel carts and pushed into retorts.  The distillation of pine wood, by either method, to produce turpentine and various by-products such as pinene and camphine is also included under this classification.  After the wood has been relieved of all its turpentine, it is allowed to cool in an airtight container to prevent oxidation and is either then sold as charcoal or ground up as chicken feed.  This process is also known as the retort method and is substantially the standard method also followed in producing other wood by-products such as wood alcohol and acetic acid, which are joint products of the destructive distillation of certain hard woods.  The manufacturing of creosote from wood is also covered under this classification.

Coke manufacturing using beehive or by-product oven methods is also assigned to this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

• Distilled preservatives for wood or timber
• Methanol – from charcoal burning

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1.  Blast furnace:
    1. Operations.  Refer to Code 1438 “Smelting, Sintering or Refining – NOC – Metals – Not Iron or Lead & Drivers.”
    2. Operations involving smelting, sintering or refining lead.  Refer to Code 1430 “Smelting, Sintering or Refining Lead & Drivers.”
  2.  Manufacturing:
    1. Steel.  Refer to Code 3004 “Iron or Steel Mfg. – Steelmaking & Drivers.”
    2.  Methanol produced by catalytic reduction or carbon dioxide with hydrogen.  Refer to Code 4829 “Chemical Mfg. – NOC – All Operations & Drivers.”
  3. Methanol produced by partial oxidation of natural gas hydrocarbons.  Refer to Code 1463 “Asphalt Works & Drivers.”

Alcohol or Drug Rehabilitation Facility – All Employees & Clerical

Note:

Shall not be assigned to a facility having nursing or medical personnel on staff where medical services are provided.

Description

Code 8865 applies to employers engaged in operating group homes, drug or alcohol rehabilitation centers, halfway houses, homes for mentally disabled persons, temporary shelters and independent supportive living homes where no medical services are provided.  These types of organizations aid with the client’s daily living skills, meals, counseling, and shelter.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Drug or Alcohol rehabilitation centers with medical staff – in patient.  Refer to Code 8833 “Hospital – Professional Employees.”

Aluminum Ware Mfg.

Note:

Description

Code 3227 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing products made from sheet aluminum but not limited to pots, pans and trays.  

Aluminum sheets, circular aluminum stock and coils are put in press to be cut.  From there they are put on spinning machines to form final shape.  Parts may be anodized and some may have a non-stick coating applied.  The finishing operations involved trimming, buffing, polishing, degreasing, etching, assembling and packing.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Rolling mills:
    1. Brass, copper, and other soft metals.  Refer to Code 3027 “Rolling Mill – NOC & Drivers.”
    2. Iron or steel.  Refer to Code 3018 “Iron or Steel Mfg. – Rolling Mill & Drivers.”
  2. Smelting
    1. Lead.  Refer to Code 1430 “Smelting, Sintering or Refining Lead & Drivers.”
    2. Metals – not iron or lead.  Refer to Code 1438 “Smelting, Sintering or Refining – NOC –Metals – Not Iron or Lead & Drivers.”
    3. Electric process.  Refer to Code 1439 “Smelting – Electric Process.”

Aluminum, Plastic or Vinyl Siding Installation – All Operations to Completion & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 5648 applies to employers engaged in installation of vinyl, plastic and aluminum siding.  Siding is the material that covers the outside walls of a building.  The most common types of siding installed are vinyl and aluminum as these materials are energy efficient and require little maintenance and care.

Siding contractors may finish newly constructed homes and buildings or re-side existing buildings.  New siding can be installed over old siding.  However, in many instances, the old siding is removed first.  Scaffolds and ladders are used in the installation process and are removed accordingly to finish the job.  Hand and power saws are also used in addition to drills, hammers, tackers, adhesives, galvanized steel or aluminum nails, staples and foils or tar paper.

Assignment By Analogy

Sheet metal siding – covered steel frame building construction

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Carpentry operations.  Refer to Code 5403 “Carpentry – NOC – All Operations to Completion,” Code 5645 “Carpentry – Detached One or Two-Family Dwellings – All Operations to Completion” or Code 5651 “Carpentry – Dwellings – Three Stories or Less – All Operations to Completion.”

  2. Weather-stripping installation.  Refer to Code 5428 “Storm Door, Storm Sash, Screens or Weather-Stripping Installation – All Operations to Completion.”

 

Ambulance Operation – Volunteer Ambulance Service Company

Note:

Antique ambulances or any other ambulance used solely for parade or ceremonial purposes and equipped with vintage or historical license plates are exempt from a premium charge.  Refer to Rule II Section (G) Volunteer Ambulance Workers’ Coverage.

Applicable to all volunteer members covered under the Volunteer Ambulance Workers’ Benefit Law.  The premium shall be the amount shown under “Miscellaneous Values” pages per ambulance per year in Part Three – Loss Costs  of this Manual.

Description

Code 7370 applies to employers engaged in operating a volunteer ambulance service.  Applicable to all volunteer members covered under the Volunteer Ambulance Workers’ Benefit Law.  Includes any ambulance or first response vehicle that transports either patients or personnel.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Aerial ambulance service – flying crew.  Refer to Code 7422 “Aviation – Aerial Application, Seeding, Herding or Scintillometer Surveying – Flying Crew.”

  2. Ambulance service:
    1. Company – not volunteer – all other employees and drivers.  Refer to Code 8394 “Bus Company – All Other Employees & Drivers.”
    2. Company – not volunteer – garage employees.  Refer to Code 8385 “Bus Company – Garage Employees.”
    3. Provided by hospital.  Refer to Code 7380 “Drivers, Chauffeurs and Their Helpers – NOC – Commercial.”

Amusement Device Operation – NOC – Not Traveling & Drivers

Note:

Includes ticket sellers or collectors and applies to the operation and maintenance of merry-go-rounds, swings, roller coasters and similar amusement devices not otherwise classified.
 
This classification is not applicable to amusement exhibitions or other operations separately classified in this Manual (such as bath houses, billiard halls, boat livery, bowling lanes, dance halls, garages, ice skating rinks, restaurants, retail stores, roller skating rinks, theaters, enterprises involving throwing balls or darts at various targets, miniature golf, batting cages, golf driving ranges, laser tag, paintball, archery ranges, shooting galleries using air rifles only, public tennis courts, bocce ball and ping pong parlors) whether operated by the owner or lessee of the exhibition or amusement park or through independent concession.

Description

Code 9180 applies to employers engaged in operating and maintaining amusement devices such as shooting galleries, trap and skeet shooting ranges, and rides such as merry-go-rounds, roller coasters, Ferris wheels, and live pony rides at permanent locations. 

Ticket sales for rides or other amusements are inclusive under the scope of this classification.  Employees may sell tickets from booths located on the grounds of the amusement park or at the ride.  Ride operators may collect tickets from customers before they board the ride or while they are getting situated before the ride begins.
 
Additional operations contemplated by this classification include canoe schools providing in-water training; white-water float trips; mountain climbing instructors and guides; hang gliding instructors who do not engage in the activity; water skiing exhibitions; water slide and wave pool operations; and race car drivers.  Cable chair sky rides and employees at winter sports areas engaged in alpine or downhill skiing operations are also contemplated by this classification.   

Repairs and maintenance of amusement devices are also contemplated under this classification.  However, depending on any contract between the ride owner and the ride manufacturer, maintenance and repairs may be performed by outside concerns.
 

Assignment By Analogy

• Park or playground operations
• Racing drivers

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Amusement park or exhibition operations.  Refer to Code 9016 “Amusement Park or Exhibition Operation & Drivers.”

Amusement Park or Exhibition Operation & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 9016 applies to employers engaged in operating amusement parks or exhibitions at a fixed location.  This classification includes the care, custody and maintenance of the premises, the operation of elevators or heating, lighting or power apparatus as well as security people, musicians, box office employees and gate attendants.  This classification does not include the operation of amusement devices, amusements or exhibitions or other operations separately classified in this Manual, whether operated by the owner or lessee of the exhibition or amusement park or by independent concession.

Assignment By Analogy

• Bungee jumping
• Expositions, fairs operations, trade shows
• Flea market – outdoor only
• Ski tows – equipment machinery operation

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Operation of amusement park devices and device operator.  Refer to Code 9180 “Amusement Device Operation – NOC – Not Traveling & Drivers.”

  2. Billiard halls.  Refer to Code 9089 “Billiard Hall.”

  3. Bowling lanes, ice skating rinks, and roller skating rinks.  Refer to Code 9093 “Sports Related Entertainment Facilities.”

Analytical Chemist

Note:

Includes laboratory and outside employees. 

Shall not be assigned to an employer engaged in operations described by another classification unless the operations subject to Code 4511 are conducted as a separate and distinct business. 

Description

Code 4511 applies to employers engaged in testing various types of materials such as blood, soil, water, urine, bacteria, food, liquids, gas, and other specimens or other products that are received from others.  The materials to be tested are received from outside sources such as doctors’ offices, hospitals, manufacturers, etc., or may be taken in the field by analytical chemists performing work in the field.  Samples of the materials are tested in the laboratory for various findings depending on what type of material is being tested.  Also, samples that are taken in the field may also be tested at the same location where the sample was taken from.  A written analysis of the test results is then prepared and provided to the employer’s customers.

Assignment By Analogy

• Medical laboratories – independent – not at hospitals, medical facilities or physicians’ offices
• X-ray laboratories – industrial

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Dental laboratories engaged in making dentures.  Refer to Code 4692 “Dental Laboratory.”

  2. Testing – pipe welds – radiographic.  Refer to Code 4828 “Chemical Blending or Mixing – NOC – All Operations & Drivers.”

 

Anti-Toxin, Virus or Serum Mfg. & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 5951 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing viruses, serums and anti-toxins.  There is considerable laboratory work involved under this classification.  Research and development is a key factor under this classification as well as quality control of the various agents produced.  Livestock may be used for experimental purposes in which the animals are injected with various bacteria and/or viruses.  The animals are eventually bled and killed for the purpose of using their blood and glands to manufacture serums.  Serum is an antibody that can be separated from the blood.  Additives such as enzymes or chemicals may be added to the serum produced from the glands and blood.  The serum mixture may also be pasteurized, and preservatives may be added.

Other businesses subject to this classification manufacture new bio-agents, antibodies and growth factors.  Vaccine research and product development are also contemplated under this classification.  Bacteria cultures are purchased to produce vaccines.  These cultures are placed in containers with additives to isolate and purify the process.  When the cultures have grown to specifications, they are put into vials, tested and recorded.  The formula is then sent to an outside manufacturer.  Blood may also be purchased to be analyzed and produce compounds.  The cell and tissue cultures from blood are analyzed and mixed with chemicals, filtered, sterilized and packed for shipment to customers.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Chemical – Not Otherwise Classified (NOC).  Refer to Code 4829 “Chemical Mfg. – NOC – All Operations & Drivers.”
    2. Drugs or medicine.  Refer to Code 4825 “Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation Mfg. – Includes Mfg. of Ingredients.”
  2. Analytical chemist.  Refer to Code 4511 “Analytical Chemist.”

  3. Chemical mixing or blending – Not Otherwise Classified (NOC).  Refer to Code 4828 “Chemical Blending or Mixing – NOC – All Operations & Drivers.”

Arms Mfg. – NOC

Note:

Description

Code 3200 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing arms such as hand guns, pistols, rifles, shotguns, paintball guns and air guns.  Parts such as gun stock, gun plates, brass bar, steel rods, barrels, triggers, springs, paint, and frames may be purchased from others.  The parts are machined and assembled with screws using hand tools. 

This classification also includes the shop repair of guns and rifles.  The units are taken apart, cleaned, barrels rebored and other worn, broken, or defective parts are replaced.  The repaired units are inspected, adjusted and returned to the employer’s customers.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Cartridge charging and shell case or cartridge loading.  Refer to Code 4771 “Explosives or Ammunition Mfg. – NOC & Drivers.”

  2. Cartridge or shell case manufacturing – metal.  Refer to Code 3315 “Brass or Copper Goods Mfg.”

  3. Forging work.  Refer to Code 3110 “Tool Mfg. – NOC – Drop or Machine Forged – Forging.”    

Art Gallery & Clerical

Note:

Applies to wholesale or retail sales of artwork.  Includes appraising of the artwork on the premises of the art gallery.

Description

Code 8068 applies to the operation of an art gallery.  The sales may be wholesale or retail in nature and the art featured may consist of one or more types of art such as antique maps, drawings, historical artifacts, installation art, lithographs, paintings, photography or sculptures.

The sales of the artwork can be sold either on a wholesale or retail basis.  Artwork may be purchased directly from artists or others and displayed in a gallery, store front, showroom or office type setting.  The salesperson may assist customers with their selection and will process the transaction.  The artwork may be taken directly by the customer or packed and shipped by the gallery staff to a specific designation specified by the customer.

Assignment By Analogy

Antique appraisal services performed by art gallery employees

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Sales:
    1. Principally art supplies, posters, framed pictures, and making frames on special order for individual customers, all hand work – no power machinery or framed prints.  Refer to Code 8017 “Retail Store – NOC – No Service of Food.”
    2. Principally art supplies, posters or framed prints to others for resale.  Refer to Code 8018 “Wholesale Store – NOC.”
    3. Wholesale or retail of antique jewelry, antique coins or antique stamps.  Refer to Code 8013 “Jewelry Store.”
    4. Wholesale or retail of antique furniture.  Refer to Code 8044 “Furniture Store – Wholesale or Retail & Drivers.”
  2. Operations:
    1. Art school.  Refer to Code 8868 “School or College – Professional Employees & Clerical” and Code 9101 “School or College – All Other Employees & Drivers.”
    2. Art appraisal operations not performed by art gallery employees.  Refer to Code 8720 “Inspection of Risks for Insurance or Valuation Purposes – NOC.”
    3. Art museum.  Refer to Code 8838 “Public Library or Museum – Professional Employees – Includes Attendants & Ushers” and Code 9101  “School or College – All Other Employees & Drivers.”

Asbestos Removal Operations – Contractor – NOC – All Operations to Completion

Note:

Includes employees engaged in sealing off work areas, removal, repair, enclosure or encapsulation of asbestos materials.

Description

Code 5473 applies to employers engaged in the removal of hazardous asbestos material from walls and ceilings of buildings.  Walls are first erected with studs, plywood, and plastic sheets to seal off the decontamination work area from the outside atmosphere.  Employees wear protective clothing and masks to protect them from contaminated particles from the asbestos.  The asbestos is then removed by hand or with large vacuums.  The employer wets the asbestos to prevent asbestos fibers from moving freely and to make the cleanup easier to accomplish.  Wetting is accomplished with a hand spray pump and most removal also calls for scraping.  Ceiling tiles may need to be lifted out of metal grid-work and many pipe coverings are merely unstrapped and lifted off.  Some employers may have to erect scaffolding to reach overhead areas containing asbestos.

The vacuum also provides air filtration to the employees by removing the asbestos fibers in the air.  Employees’ clothing and gear are washed down usually with a hose to remove asbestos fibers from their clothing.

Assignment By Analogy

Air monitoring for asbestos fibers by an asbestos removal contractor

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Air monitoring of asbestos.  Refer to Code 8720 “Inspection of Risks for Insurance or Valuation Purposes – NOC.”

  2. Firms specializing in hauling away asbestos materials to approved dump-sites.  Refer to Code 9403 “Garbage, Ashes or Refuse Collection & Drivers.”

Asphalt Works & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 1463 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing asphalt paving mixers and involves grinding and pulverizing asphalt rock obtained from natural deposits or melting natural or distilled asphalt and mixing it with sand, gravel, or limestone for use in road making operations.  This classification further contemplates asphalt plants operated by paving contractors provided such plants are operated at a permanent location.

This classification also applies to employers engaged in manufacturing coal billets or briquettes.  The operations involve crushing and pulverizing coal, adding quantities of pitch or tar and subsequently forming the mixture into briquettes.

Assignment By Analogy

Building or roofing paper manufacturing - no paper manufacturing

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Asphalt paving bricks.  Refer to Code 4024 “Brick Mfg. – NOC – Fire or Enameled & Drivers.”
    2. Charcoal.  Refer to Code 1470 “Alcohol Mfg. – Wood & Drivers.” 
  2. Paving:
    1. Driveways, parking lots, sidewalks or other surfaces other than roadways.  Refer to Code 5221 “Concrete or Cement Work – Floors, Driveways, Yards or Sidewalks – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”
    2. Paving of streets or roads.  Refer to Code 5506 “Street or Road Construction – Paving or Repaving – All Operations to Completion & Drivers” or Code 5507 “Street or Road Construction – Sub-Surface Work – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”
  3. Coke burning.  Refer to Code 1470 "Alcohol Mfg. - Wood & Drivers."

  4. Spraying roads with liquid asphalt.  Refer to Code 5506 "Street or Road Construction - Paving or Repaving - All Operations to Completion & Drivers."

Assisted Living Facility – All Employees & Clerical

Note:

Shall not be assigned to a facility having nursing or medical personnel on staff, other than whose only function is to train employees, such as aides, on how to properly care for the clients residing at the facility.

Description

Code 8866 applies to the operation of an assisted living facility, residential facility for the elderly or senior citizen living facility where no medical services are provided by the staff.  This type of facility does not employ any professional employees such as doctors and nurses.  However, they will make sure residents are taking their medications as prescribed by their physicians.

The types of services offered involves 24-hour assistance with daily living skills such as showering, bathing and eating.  Meals are prepared and either served to residents in their rooms or in the dining area.  The clients’ rooms are maintained by the staff.

If a resident requires any medical care, outside doctors, nurses or emergency services are contacted.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Convalescent Homes – including medical care.  Refer to Code 8829 “Convalescent or Nursing Home – All Employees.”

  2. Homes for the mentally disabled and shelters for the homeless – no medical care.  Refer to Code 8865 “Alcohol or Drug Rehabilitation Facility – All Employees & Clerical.”

  3. Home Health Care Agencies:
    1. Professional employees.  Refer to Code 8854 “Health Care Services – Medical or Other Professional Services – Traveling.”
    2. Non-professional employees.  Refer to Code 9051 “Health Care Services – Daily Living Skills Services – Traveling.”
  4. Hospitals:
    1. Professional Employees.  Refer to Code 8833 “Hospital – Professional Employees.”
    2. Non-Professional Employees.  Refer to Code 9040 “Hospital – All Other Employees.”

Athletic Team or Park – Contact Sports

Note:

This classification is not applicable to amateur, youth, or recreational sports, in which the athletes are generally not paid.

The entire remuneration of all employees shall be included in computing premium, subject, however, to the maximum average weekly wage per employee.  Refer to the “Miscellaneous Values” of Part Three – Loss Costs of this Manual for current weekly maximum amounts.

Description

Code 9179 applies to professional and semi-professional athletes, athletic teams and sports clubs engaged in contact sports including, but not limited to, lacrosse, rugby, water polo, football, hockey, and roller derby.  This classification includes players, coaches, managers, trainers, equipment managers, sports officials, umpires and all players on salary list of employers.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Operation of a park – all employees other than players, coaches, managers or umpires.  Refer to Code 9182 “Athletic Team or Park – Operation of Park & Drivers.” 

  2. Non-contact sports, such as, baseball and basketball.  Refer to Code 9178 “Athletic Team or Park – Non-Contact Sports.”

Athletic Team or Park – Non-Contact Sports

Note:

This classification is not applicable to amateur, youth, or recreational sports, in which the athletes are generally not paid. 

The entire remuneration of all employees shall be included in computing premium, subject, however, to the maximum average weekly wage per employee.  Refer to the “Miscellaneous Values” of Part Three – Loss Costs of this Manual for current weekly maximum amounts.

Description

Code 9178 applies to professional and semi-professional athletes, athletic teams and sports clubs engaged in non-contact sports including, but not limited to, baseball, basketball, jai-alai, soccer, and volleyball.  This classification also includes players, coaches, managers, trainers, equipment managers, sports officials, umpires and all players on the salary list of the employer.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Operation of a park – all employees other than players, coaches, managers or umpires.  Refer to Code 9182 “Athletic Team or Park – Operation of Park & Drivers.”

  2. Contact sports such as football and hockey.  Refer to Code 9179 “Athletic Team or Park – Contact Sports.”

Athletic Team or Park – Operation of Park & Drivers

Note:

Applies to all employees other than players, coaches, managers or umpires.

Description

Code 9182 applies to employers engaged in operating athletic parks, arenas or stadiums where sports events are viewed.  This classification includes the maintenance and care of the grounds, buildings, team facilities, grandstands and bleachers.

This classification includes operation and maintenance of lighting, communication and sound equipment or power apparatus.  Additionally, employees under the direct management of the athletic park, stadium, or arena, including parking and gate attendants, box office employees, ushers and security personnel, locker room attendants, food preparation and all concessions and souvenir stands are included under the scope of this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Contact sports such as football and hockey.  Refer to Code 9179 “Athletic Team or Park – Contact Sports.”

  2. Non-contact sports such as baseball and basketball.  Refer to Code 9178 “Athletic Team or Park – Non-Contact Sports.”

Atomic Energy – NOC – Radiation Exposure

Note:

Where operations involve research, manufacture, handling, transportation, use of or exposure to radioactive materials, and are not performed for or under the direction of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission or any government agency, a supplemental rate may be applied to such operations.  

Exception:  Where the radiation hazard involved arises from a reactor or is equivalent to the radiation hazard of a reactor, the rating provisions of Code 9984 “Atomic Energy –   Project Work.”

Description

In the rating of employers under Code 9985, it is the prerogative of the carrier to determine the supplemental rate it feels is adequate to cover the radiation hazard in employers that engage in research, manufacturing, handling or transportation involving radioactive materials.  In general, these employers are written at the rate of the classification that would normally describe the employer’s operations.  The radiation hazard is covered by a supplemental rate, which the carrier determines on the basis of its own underwriting judgment.  The employers that have been rated under this rule are laboratories engaged in research on radioactive materials, isotope dealers and instrument manufacturers who use radioactive components in their instruments, etc.     

The use of supplemental loadings on employers where the radiation exposure is limited to just a few employees, as is the case of hospitals, universities, industrial plants and certain kinds of contractors, has been infrequent.  In these cases, if a supplemental loading was applied to those employees who have a radiation exposure, the additional premium would usually be inconsequential. 

Examples of these situations would be a large foundry with two or three employees using Cobalt-60 to check castings for flaws; an oil pipeline contractor who has a small crew to check pipeline welds either by X-ray equipment or Cobalt-60; and a paper mill or, in fact, any type of mill that uses isotope gauges to measure the thickness or density of materials like paper, sheet metal, rubber and plastics.  The tobacco industry, for example, is now using radioisotope density gauges to determine the quality of cigarettes.  It now employs more of these gauges, perhaps, than any other single industry, but the number of employees with a possible radiation exposure compared to the number of employees in the tobacco industry is so limited that it can be considered as a normal industrial development.  The use of radioisotopes for both diagnosis and therapy in hospitals has become standard practice.  At least two radioactive isotopes have already been accepted as pharmaceuticals.  There is an exception in the note under this classification that provides “where the radiation hazard involved arises from a reactor or is equivalent to the radiation hazard of a reactor, that the rating provisions of Code 9984 “Atomic Energy – Project Work” will apply.  Code 9984 relates to atomic energy projects that may involve the operations of, or experimental work on, nuclear reactors.  The procedure of rating these employers is an “agreed upon” basis between the carrier, the contractor and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Atomic energy work – project work.  Refer to Code 9984 “Atomic Energy – Project Work.”

Atomic Energy – Project Work

Note:

Nuclear Regulatory Commission projects are rated in accordance with the classification’s Description.  Since these employers are rated on an individual employer basis, the specific details may vary considerably from employer to employer.

Description

All work, either construction or operation, performed for or under the direction of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission or any government agency may be rated on an individual employer basis.  Each employer to be so rated shall be submitted by the carrier to the Rating Board for approval of the basis agreed upon by the carrier, the contractor and the Nuclear Regulatory commission or government agency.

With respect to this classification, the rates that have been agreed upon by the carrier, the contractor and the Nuclear Regulatory Commission are not subject to review or approval.  The function of the Rating Board in such case, is to accept the rate and not question how it was determined other than to make sure that all parties involved have agreed to its use before extending approval.  Accordingly, the negotiated rate is considered acceptable.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Radiation exposure Not Otherwise Classified (NOC).  Refer to Code 9985 “Atomic Energy – NOC – Radiation Exposure.”

Attorney – All Employees & Clerical, Messengers, Drivers

Note:

Shall not be assigned to an employer engaged in operations described by another classification unless the operations subject to Code 8820 are conducted as a separate and distinct business.

Description

Code 8820 applies to employees of attorneys or law offices.  The employee exposure is principally inside office work; however, the scope includes outside exposure of trial attorneys and attorneys, paralegals and other employees involved in investigative work.  It is not intended to apply to “in-house” attorneys employed by business organizations.  This classification would also apply to any employees of attorneys or law firms performing cleaning or maintenance service in or about the premises used for professional purposes.

In addition, employers engaged in the business of providing court reporters who take depositions in law offices or other comparable locations and record legal proceedings have been assigned to this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Court – municipalities:
    1. Case workers and supervisors.  Refer to Code 9410 “Municipal, Township, County or State Employee – NOC.” 
    2. Judges and stenographers.  Refer to Code 8810 “Clerical Office Employees – NOC.”
    3. Officers.  Refer to Code 7720 “Police Officers & Drivers.”
  2. Title companies – inside office workers.  Court stenographers – public – not traveling.  Refer to Code 8810 “Clerical Office Employees – NOC.”    

  3. Title companies – outside salespersons.  Court stenographers – public – traveling.  Refer to Code 8742 “Salespersons, Collectors or Messengers – Outside.”  

Auctioneers & Salespersons – Outside

Note:

Includes solicitors and appraisers.  Not livestock sales stables.

Description

Code 8090 applies to the operation of auctioning merchandise or property.  Merchandise may be displayed at an auction site, which may be operated or rented by the auctioneer, or at the seller’s location, such as a seller’s home, as in the case of estate auctions, or at manufacturers’ or dealers’ warehouses, or presented in catalogs.  Merchandise, motor vehicles, real estate, and vacation packages may also be presented to buyers through online auctions.

Merchandise sold at auctions may include art, automobiles, clothing, costumes, collectibles, computers, jewelry, motorcycles, real estate and vacation packages may also be sold.  Auctions may be held to liquidate estates, dealers’ or manufacturers’ overstock, confiscated or theft-salvaged property, or to sell donated items to raise funds for charity.  Merchandise is appraised to determine opening bids and to quote appraisal value to potential buyers when presented at auction.  When an item is presented, a buyer will make an opening bid, the next bidder will offer a price higher than the opening bid, and the bidding will continue with each subsequent bidder offering a price higher until the final bid is offered, and the item is declared sold to the highest bidder.  The seller will receive the highest bid minus the auctioneer’s fee.  Online auctions usually do not involve the auctioneer taking possession of the merchandise nor charging a fee to the buyer but facilitating the sales by providing a listing service and collecting either a small percentage of the final bid or a small listing fee.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Appraising by art galleries, sale of artwork or antique art (retail or wholesale).  Refer to Code 8068 “Art Gallery & Clerical.”

  2. Retail or wholesale:
    1. Antique furniture.  Refer to Code 8044 “Furniture Store – Wholesale or Retail & Drivers.”
    2. Antique art or artwork.  Refer to Code 8068 “Art Gallery & Clerical.”
    3. Antique jewelry.  Refer to Code 8013 “Jewelry Store.”
    4. Antique items other than art, furniture, and jewelry.  Refer to Code 8017 “Retail Store – NOC – No Service of Food” and Code 8018 “Wholesale Store – NOC.”
    5. Livestock.  Refer to Code 8288 “Livestock Dealer or Commission Merchant & Outside Salespersons, Drivers.”

Automatic Screw Machine Products Mfg.

Note:

Shall not be assigned to an employer engaged in operations described by another classification unless the operations subject to this classification are conducted as a separate and distinct business.        

Description

Code 3145 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing automatically turned wood and machine screws.  The raw material is usually wire stock of steel or brass received from others.  The stock is automatically fed into the screw machines where it goes through the respective operations of cutting off, tapering, shaving, threading and slotting to form the screws.  The completed screws may then be placed in extractors to remove the oil accumulated during the machining process.  In some cases, the screws are mechanically plated and buffed.

This classification is also applied to employers engaged in manufacturing miscellaneous products utilizing automatic screw machines involving the above operations, the only difference being in the raw material, which is usually bar stock of steel or brass received from others.

This classification may not be used in those instances where a bona fide machine shop may employ automatic screw machines to turn out parts that may go into some final product of the machine shop.

Assignment By Analogy

• Electronic component connectors
• Expansion bolts and shields
• Pint and post receptacles
• Pint and post receptacles
• Thermocouples

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Bolts and nuts manufacturing.  Not expansion bolts.  Refer to Code 3132 “Bolt or Nut Mfg.”

Automatic Sprinkler Installation – All Operations to Completion & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 5188 applies to employers engaged in installing automatic sprinkler systems such as lawn sprinklers.  Automatic fire sprinkler systems may be installed for residential and commercial concerns.  There are different types of sprinkler systems available, some of which include wet pipe or the use of dry chemicals.  Pipes are filled up to the sprinkler heads with water under pressure, until activated by heat.  The other system which is called the hydraulically calculated system, uses dry chemicals or foam to extinguish.

Once the systems are installed, they are tested for activation, leaks and water pressure is checked.  The outside repair of sprinkler systems is also inclusive under this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Plumbing.  Refer to Code 5183 “Plumbing – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  2. Sprinkler head manufacturing.  Refer to Code 3634 “Valve Mfg.”

Automobile Accessories Store – NOC – Retail & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 8046 applies to retail stores principally engaged in selling automobile parts and accessories such as batteries, spark plugs, fuel pumps, oil filters, carburetors, ignition parts, mufflers, gaskets, tires, tubes, oils, lubricants, skid chains, luggage carriers, seat belts, seat covers, radios, windshield wipers, heaters, speed equipment, mirrors and lights.

Automobile accessories stores generally sell a minor amount of household electrical appliances, hardware items, garden tools and implements, paint, toys, sporting goods and kitchen utensils.

In these stores most of the sales are over the counter, but as an accommodation to their customers a store may install parts and accessories such as windshield wipers, mirrors, batteries, tires and seat covers.  However, these stores do not engage in the general repair or service of motor vehicles as found in automobile repair garages or gasoline service stations.

Assignment By Analogy

Telephone installation in vehicles by automobile accessories stores

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Stores:
    1. Principally engaged in wholesale selling of automobile parts and accessories.  Refer to Code 7999 “Hardware Store – Wholesale.”
    2. Principally engaged in the retail sale of household electrical appliances, paint, toys, sporting goods or kitchen utensils.  Refer to Code 8017 “Retail Store – NOC– No Service of Food.”
    3. Principally engaged in the retail sale of hardware.  Refer to Code 7998 “Hardware Store – Retail.”
  2.  Employers principally engaged in the retail selling of tires and tubes including installation.  Refer to Code 8391 “Automobile Sales or Service Agency – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

Automobile Dismantling & Drivers

Note:

Includes breaking-up the chassis, sales of automobile parts and the salvage or junking of parts.

Description

Code 3821 applies to employers engaged in dismantling automobiles or trucks for obtaining salvageable auto parts from automobiles or trucks that have been in accidents or are no longer completely operational.  The employer will purchase the wrecked, damaged or used automobiles to salvage usable parts and then sell the parts to automobile repair shops, mechanics and private individuals for use in automobile repair operations.

The automobiles will either be towed by the employer or delivered to the employer’s yard by outside concerns.  Salvageable parts are removed, cleaned and repaired if necessary.  Once all salvageable parts have been removed from the automobile or truck, the remaining chassis will be crushed or cut apart and sold as is to metal scrap dealers.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Automobile repair or the operation of a gasoline station.  Refer to Code 8391 “Automobile Sales or Service Agency – All Operations & Drivers.”

  2. Automobile Sales.  Refer to Code 8748 “Automobile Salesperson.”

Automobile Engine Mfg.

Note:

Description

Code 3827 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing diesel or gasoline automobile, bus or truck engines.  The castings are drilled, planed, milled, and turned by machine then plated, ground, honed or otherwise finished to form the cam, head, crankshaft and cylinder block.  Cam, crankshaft, bearings, fans, gears, pistons and rings are assembled into block by power and/or hand tools.

The subassemblies such as carburetors, ignition units, generators, belts and hardware are received from others and installed by hand and power tools to form the completed engines.  Engines are inspected to assure proper operation, packed and shipped to the employer’s customer.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Aircraft engine manufacturing.  Refer to Code 3826 “Aircraft Engine Mfg.”

  2. Engine repair on vehicles.  Refer to Code 8391 “Automobile Sales or Service Agency – All Operations & Drivers.”

Automobile Gasoline and/or Service Stations – Self-Service Gasoline – With Convenience Store

Note:

Applies to gasoline stations where the customer pumps the gasoline.  The employee exposure is that of an attendant located in a separate structure who controls the amount of the sale and accepts payment from the customer.

Includes the operation of a convenience store selling a variety of items including, but not limited to, groceries, soft drinks, coffee, tea, bread, snacks, newspapers, candy, cigarettes,
windshield wiper fluids etc.  The sale and service of fast food is not limited to frankfurters, sandwiches, pizza, etc.

Description

Code 8382 applies to the operation of a self-service gasoline station with a convenience store.  The gas attendant operates the gasoline pump remotely from the operator’s booth which may be located near the gasoline pump island or inside the convenience store.  The customer will make payment at the booth or at the pump and pump their own gasoline.  The employee will not pump gas, check fluids, clean windshields or conduct any repairs.

The convenience store will sell a variety of items including, but not limited to, groceries, soft drinks, coffee, tea, bread, snacks, newspaper, etc.  Some convenience stores may also sell and serve fast food such as frankfurters and pizza.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Sales:
    1. Gasoline stations that operate a combined full service and self-service station at the same location.  Refer to Code 8391 Automobile Sales or Service Agency – All Operations & Drivers.”
    2. Gasoline through self service gas station.  Refer to Code 8381 “Automobile Gasoline Station and/or Service Stations – Self Service Gasoline Exclusively – No Convenience Store.”

Automobile Gasoline Station and/or Service Stations – Self-Service Gasoline Exclusively – No Convenience Store

Note:

Applies to gasoline stations where the customer pumps the gasoline.  The employee exposure is that of an attendant located in a separate structure, such as booth, who controls the amount of the sale and accepts payment from the customer.

Description

Code 8381 applies to the operation of a self-service retail gasoline station exclusively.  This classification is applicable to each separate location where the customer will make payment at the booth or at the pump and the gas is pumped by the customer.  The employee exposure is that of an attendant located in a separate structure, such as booth, who controls the amount of the sale and accepts payment from the customer.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Sales:
    1. Gasoline stations that operate a combined full service and self-service station at the same location.  Refer to Code 8391 “Automobile Sales or Service Agency – All Operations & Drivers.”
    2. Self-service gasoline stations including the operation of a convenience store.  Refer to Code 8382 “Automobile Gasoline and/or Service Stations – Self Service Gasoline – With Convenience Store.”

Automobile Lighting, Ignition or Starting Apparatus Mfg. – NOC

Note:

Description

Code 3648 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing automobile lighting, ignition or starting apparatus such as alternators, generators, starters and headlights.  Raw materials include steel, copper or brass sheet or bar stock, wire, springs, plastics, hardware, washers, plating solution and paint.

The equipment or machinery used to fabricate parts in the manufacturing process may include cutting, molding, punching, shearing, shaping, welding and grinding machines.  After the parts are fabricated, they are assembled by hand or machine and finished by spray painting or dipping in plating chemicals.  The manufactured products are inspected, tested, packed and ready for shipment to the employer’s customers.

This classification also includes rebuilding of automobile alternators, armatures, generators or starters in the shop.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Fuel injection device – automobile.  Refer to Code 3581 “Fuel Injection Device Mfg.”                

 

Automobile Mfg. or Assembly

Note:

Description

Code 3808 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing or assembling complete automobiles, buses, ambulances, or motorcycles.  For automobiles, ambulances, and buses, the chassis and other parts may be fabricated by the employer or received from other manufacturers.  Raw materials such as metal parts are cut, punched and drilled.  Other parts such as wheels, tires, transmissions, engines, cooling systems, electrical systems and axle assemblies are assembled to form cars, buses, motorcycles and ambulances. After assembly, vehicles are spray painted, inspected and taken for a road test. Vehicles are then ready to be delivered to dealers.

This classification also applies to manufacturing or assembling golf carts, bumper cars used in amusement park rides, snowmobiles and skid or pallet jack trucks.
 

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Baby carriage manufacturing.  Refer to Code 3865 “Baby Carriage Mfg.”

Automobile Parking Lot & Drivers

Note:

Applies to the operation of an automobile parking lot, parking station, storage garage, self-parking facility or valet parking service.  Includes the operation of a rental car agency provided that the cars are rented without chauffeurs and no mechanical work is performed on the vehicle. 

Includes employees such as parking attendants, counter personnel and cashiers.

Description

Code 8392 applies to employers engaged in operating automobile parking lots or storage facilities, renting automobiles, dump trucks, horse trailers and push carts.  The customer will drive their vehicle to the employer’s premises and the employee will park the customer’s vehicle at the lot for a fee or will store the vehicle for a specified time indicated by the customer.  The customer is provided with a receipt that will be needed to retrieve the vehicle.  In many cases, the customers can park their own vehicle in the employer’s lot and a cashier accepts payment for parking fees.

Automobile rental companies are engaged in renting vehicles to customers for a fee.  The customer will select a vehicle from the employer’s lot and the cashier will complete the appropriate documentation and accept payment.  When the vehicle is returned it is inspected for damages and the appropriate payment is made for the rental or any damages.

Assignment By Analogy

Municipalities storage and repairs of own vehicles

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. If an employer operates an automobile storage garage and repairs automobiles at the same location, the entire risk shall be assigned to Code 8391 “Automobile Sales or Service Agency – All Operations & Drivers."

Automobile Radiator Mfg.

Note:

Shall not be assigned to a risk engaged in operations described by another classification unless the operations subject to Code 3807 are conducted as a separate and distinct business.

Description

Code 3807 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing the complete automobile radiator or the repair and rebuilding of automobile radiators where such operations are the sole or principal business of the employer.  This classification contemplates sheet metal fabrication of parts, incidental metal and castings machining of parts that are assembled into the completed radiators.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Removal and replacement of radiators on vehicles.  Refer to Code 8391 “Automobile Sales or Service Agency – All Operations & Drivers.”

Automobile Sales or Service Agency – All Operations & Drivers

Note:

Applies to automobile body repair shops.

When an employer operates an automobile repair shop with a convenience store (no self-service sale of gasoline), this classification is applicable and assign the appropriate store
classification.  This classification does not include the operation of a convenience store  that is also engaged in self-service gasoline.

Includes repairing, recapping, vulcanizing and mounting of tires on or away from premises.

Full or self-service gasoline.  Applies to retail gasoline stations that operate a combined full and self-service station at the same location.

Description

Code 8391 applies to employers engaged in mechanical service, repair or body repair work on automobiles, vans, trucks or motorcycles.  Repairs and service is not limited to engine tune-ups, electrical lighting, starter or generator repair, tire mounting, balancing or alignments, lubrications or oil changes, glass installation, transmission, radiator or ignition system repair. Body repair may consist of removing panels, parts or chassis, realigning bent frames, assembling, welding or attaching replacement parts. Also included is the major mechanical system overhaul of vehicles including engines, transmissions, valves, ignition and electrical systems. Shops may perform installations such as brakes, mufflers, air conditioning systems or auto-detailing. Shops that provide vehicle road side assistance, service and repair are also included under this classification. 

This classification is also applied to the parts departments of automobile sales agencies that sell new or used vehicles.

Service writers are also included under this classification regardless whether they are located within the shop area or in a separate area away from the shop. 

This classification is also applied to car wash facilities including coin-operated or fully automated type, and to full service gasoline stations in which attendants pump the gas for the customer and may check tire pressure, fluid levels or clean windshields. 

Specialist shops that convert or customize pre-manufactured vehicles by cutting openings, installing or tinting windows, portholes, vents, shelving, stereos, fixed furniture, refrigerant systems, frames or bodies are also included under this classification.

Boat engine service agencies (not in conjunction with marinas, boat yards or docks) are also assigned to this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Automobile and automobile tires salespersons.  Refer to Code 8748 “Automobile Salespersons.”

  2. Towing motor vehicles principally to locations other than the owner’s repair facility.  Refer to Code 7219 “Trucking – NOC – All Employees & Drivers.”

Automobile Salespersons

Note:

Description

This classification applies to salespersons employed by sales and service agencies engaged in selling or leasing new or used automobiles, vans, trucks, motorcycles, boats, campers, scooters, golf carts, and mobile homes.    

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Automobile sales or service agencies. Refer to Code 8391  “Automobile Sales or Service Agency – All Operations & Drivers.

Automobile, Bus, Truck or Trailer Body Mfg. – NOC

Note:

Includes bus, truck or trailer body repair or service. 

Code 3824 and Code 3808 “Automobile Mfg. or Assembly,” shall not be assigned to the same employer unless the operations described by these classifications are conducted as separate and distinct businesses.

Description

Code 3824 applies to employers engaged in automobile, bus, trailer and truck body manufacturing with bodies made of die pressed steel.  The chassis and other parts required to produce the automobile, bus, truck or trailer bodies may be received from others.  The term “die pressed” refers to stamped auto body parts such as doors, fenders, and hoods.  These die pressed parts are formed by forcing sheet metal into contact with a die that is the exact configuration of the part that is formed. 

The process of body manufacturing may consist of lumber being cut to size, planed, shaped, turned, sanded, bored, tongued and grooved, fitted and assembled to form the body frame.  Iron or steel shapes are cut, heated, bent, and forged into shape, countersunk, drilled, fitted and bolted to the wood frame to brace and strengthen it.  The whole body is then mounted and bolted to the chassis.       

Occasionally, sheet metal or iron is cut and screwed to parts such as the tail board and the back of the driver’s seat or to a side section, for reinforcement purposes.  Glass is mounted into channel iron that has been cut and shaped into windshield frames and bolted and screwed to the body.  Chains and hooks are attached to the rear platform or tail board and hinges or other hardware are nailed or screwed to openings or doors. 

This classification also applies to employers that repair or service bus, truck, or trailer bodies that are made of die-pressed steel.  Repair or service as used in this sense refers to replacing nonmechanical parts or forming, trimming and finishing the parts to be replaced and welding the parts into position.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Automobile, bus, truck or trailer body manufacturing – riveting and welding processes.  Refer to Code 3823 “Automobile, Bus, Truck or Trailer Body Mfg. – Riveted or Welded.”

 

Automobile, Bus, Truck or Trailer Body Mfg. – Painting

Note:

Code 9505 and Code 3808 "Automobile Mfg. or Assembly” shall not be assigned to the same risk unless the operations described by these classifications are conducted as separate and distinct businesses.

Description

Code 9505 applies to employers engaged in painting or repainting automobiles, trucks, buses and trailer bodies. 

Customers will bring their vehicles to the employer’s shop or vehicles may be transported to the employer’s shop by flatbed tow trucks.  The customer will select a paint color for their vehicle or it will be matched to the existing color of the vehicle if the customer wants to keep the same color.  Once the color is selected the process of painting the automobile, bus, truck, or trailer body begins.  When the painting is completed the customer is notified that their vehicle or trailer body is ready for pick or the employer may deliver the vehicle directly to the customer.

Assignment By Analogy

Aircraft painting

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Painting:
    1. Vehicles that require auto body repair.  Refer to Code 8391 “Automobile Sales or Service Agency – All Operations & Drivers.”
    2. Structures and buildings – interior and exterior.  Refer to Code 5474 “Painting or Decorating – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

Automobile, Bus, Truck or Trailer Body Mfg. – Riveted or Welded

Note:

Includes automobile, bus, truck or trailer body repair or service.  Code 3823 and Code 3808 “Automobile Mfg. or Assembly,” shall not be assigned to the same employer unless the operations described by these classifications are conducted as separate and distinct businesses.

Description

Code 3823 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing automobile, bus, truck, and trailer bodies and other items listed below that involve riveting and welding processes. 

The employer may receive the parts from others or fabricate the chassis and other parts required to produce the automobile, bus, truck or trailer bodies.  Sheet metal is cut to size according to specifications which will then be riveted and welded to form the body.  All parts are assembled to produce the automobile, bus, truck or trailer bodies. 

Also, included under the scope of this classification is the repair or service of automobile, bus, truck and trailer bodies.  The employer’s customers will drop off their automobile, bus, truck or trailer that requires repair or service.  Sections of the body that need to be repaired are removed and replaced with new sections that the employer will fabricate.  The fabrication involves cutting sheet metal to size, riveting and welding the section to the existing body.

Repair or service as used in this sense refers to replacing nonmechanical parts or forming trimming and finishing the parts to be replaced and welding the parts into position.

Assignment By Analogy

• Cargo containers – metal – shop repair only   
• Sprinkler trucks for street washing 

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Automobile, bus, trailer and truck body Not Otherwise Classified (NOC) including die pressed steel.  Refer to Code 3824 “Automobile, Bus, Truck or Trailer Body Mfg. – NOC.”

Aviation – Aerial Application, Seeding, Herding or Scintillometer Surveying – All Other Employees & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 7403 applies to aviation ground personnel such as, but not limited to, maintenance and service personnel, cargo and baggage handlers, ticket sellers or information clerks at airports, air traffic controllers, and security personnel.  The personnel may be employed by scheduled air carriers, commuter air carriers, supplemental air carriers, or any other commercial aviation operators, including helicopter services.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Aerial photography other than mapping or surveying work – ground laboratory employees.  Refer to Code 4361 “Photographer – All Employees & Drivers.”

  2. Airline ticket offices – information and ticket clerk – no baggage handling or weighing – not located at the airport.  Refer to Code 8810 “Clerical Office Employees – NOC.”

  3. Air carrier – scheduled, commuter or supplemental.  Refer to Code 7405 “Aviation – Air Carrier – Scheduled, Commuter or Supplemental – Flying Crew.”

  4. Air charter or air taxi.  Refer to Code 7431 “Aviation – Air Charter or Air Taxi – Flying Crew.”

  5. Transport of personnel – in conduct of employer’s business.  Refer to Code 7421 “Aviation – Transportation of Personnel in Conduct of Employer’s Business – Flying Crew.”

  6. Aviation – Flying Crew:
    1. Aerial application, seeding, herding or scintillometer surveying
    2. Aerial firefighting
    3. Aviation – NOC
    4. Flight testing
    5. Patrol, photography, mapping, or survey work
    6. Sales or service agency or student instruction
    7. Stunt flying, racing or parachute jumping

Refer to Code 7422 “Aviation – Aerial Application, Seeding, Herding or Scintillometer Surveying – Flying Crew.”

Aviation – Aerial Application, Seeding, Herding or Scintillometer Surveying – Flying Crew

Note:

For prototype or experimental aircraft, assign exposure to the one aviation classification that best describes the nature of the aircraft being tested.

Description

Code 7422 applies to flying crew personnel such as pilots, copilots, instructor pilots, navigators and others whose duties are associated with flight operation of fixed-wing aircraft.  Such operations are encountered in connection with student pilot instruction, aerial advertising (including skywriting and sign towing), and the operations of lighter-than-air craft (balloons).  This classification is also applied to the flying crew and photographers who are involved in aerial photography for mapping or survey work and the production of topographic maps.  This classification also includes helicopter flying crews.

Air ambulance operations conducted with fixed-wing aircraft are subject to this classification.  Medical personnel, employed by the air ambulance, who accompany patients in-flight are considered to be members of the crew and are assigned to this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

• Aerial firefighting
• Flight schools – including gliders
• Stunt flying, racing or parachute jumping

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Airports – security personnel supplied by contracting agencies including drivers.  Refer to Code 7723 “Detective or Patrol Agency & Drivers.”

  2. Air carrier – scheduled, commuter or supplemental – all other employees and drivers.  Air carrier – charter – all other employees and drivers.  Refer to Code 7403 “Aviation – Aerial Application, Seeding, Herding or Scintillometer Surveying – All Other Employees & Drivers.” 

  3. Aviation – Flying Crew:
    1. Air carrier – scheduled, commuter or supplemental.  Refer to Code 7405 “Aviation – Air Carrier – Scheduled, Commuter or Supplemental – Flying Crew.”
    2. Air charter or air taxi.  Refer to Code 7431 “Aviation – Air Charter or Air Taxi – Flying Crew.”
    3. Transport of personnel – in conduct of employer’s business.  Refer to Code 7421 “Aviation – Transportation of Personnel in Conduct of Employer’s Business – Flying Crew.”

Aviation – Air Carrier – Scheduled, Commuter or Supplemental – Flying Crew

Note:

Applies to scheduled, commuter or commercial air carriers, including cargo carriers, that conduct operations with fixed-wing aircraft under Part 121 of the Federal Aviation Regulations.

Non-ratable Statistical Code 7445 is to be assigned in conjunction with this classification to reflect the non-ratable catastrophe loading.  Premium generated by Statistical Code 7445 is not subject to experience rating or retrospective rating.

Description

Code 7405 applies to the flying crew personnel employed by scheduled air carriers, commuter air carriers or supplemental air carriers including cargo carriers that conduct operations with fixed wing aircraft under Part 121 of the Federal Aviation Regulations.  Such employees include, but are not limited to, pilots, copilots, navigators, stewards, stewardesses, and other flight attendants.

Assignment By Analogy

Air cargo and freight service – flying crew

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Aerial photography other than mapping or surveying work – ground laboratory employees.  Refer to Code 4361 “Photographer – All Employees & Drivers.”

  2. Airline ticket offices – information and ticket clerk – no baggage handling or weighing – not located at the airport.  Refer to Code 8810 “Clerical Office Employees – NOC.”

  3. Air carrier – scheduled, commuter or supplemental – all other employees and drivers.  Air carrier – charter – all other employees and drivers.  Refer to Code 7403 “Aviation – Aerial Application, Seeding, Herding or Scintillometer Surveying – All Other Employees & Drivers.”

  4. Air charter or air taxi.  Refer to Code 7431 “Aviation – Air Charter or Air Taxi – Flying Crew.”

  5. Transport of personnel – in conduct of employer’s business.  Refer to Code 7421 “Aviation – Transportation of Personnel in Conduct of Employer’s Business – Flying Crew.”

  6. Aviation – Flying Crew: 
    1. Aerial application, seeding, herding or scintillometer surveying
    2. Aerial firefighting
    3. Aviation – NOC
    4. Flight testing
    5. Patrol, photography, mapping, or survey work
    6. Sales or service agency or student instruction
    7. Stunt flying, racing or parachute jump

Refer to Code 7422 “Aviation – Aerial Application, Seeding, Herding or Scintillometer Surveying – Flying Crew.”

Aviation – Air Charter or Air Taxi – Flying Crew

Note:

Applies to air charter, air taxi, and similar operations using fixed-wing aircraft that conduct operations outside of Part 121 of the Federal Aviation Regulations.

Code 7431 is assigned in conjunction with Statistical Code 7453 to reflect non-ratable catastrophe loading.  Premium generated by Statistical Code 7453 is not subject to experience rating or retrospective rating.

Description

Code 7431 applies to flying crew personnel of employers that conduct air charters, air taxis, and similar operations using fixed-wing aircraft.  Such employees include, but are not limited to, pilots, copilots, and other in-flight attendants.  Air charter and air taxi services provide on-demand air transportation for individuals or small groups.  Typical activities are charters for business travelers and leisure charters for sightseeing and adventure trips.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Airports – security personnel supplied by contracting agencies including drivers.  Refer to Code 7723 “Detective or Patrol Agency & Drivers.”

  2. Air carrier – scheduled, commuter or supplemental – all other employees and drivers.  Air carrier – charter – all other employees and drivers.  Refer to Code 7403 “Aviation – Aerial Application, Seeding, Herding or Scintillometer Surveying – All Other Employees & Drivers.” 

  3. Aviation – Flying Crew:
    1. Air carrier – scheduled, commuter or supplemental.  Refer to Code 7405 “Aviation – Air Carrier – Scheduled, Commuter or Supplemental – Flying Crew.”
    2. Transport of personnel – in conduct of employer’s business.  Refer to Code 7421 “Aviation – Transportation of Personnel in Conduct of Employer’s Business – Flying Crew.”

Aviation – Transportation of Personnel in Conduct of Employer’s Business – Flying Crew

Note:

Description

Code 7421 applies to the payroll of pilots and all members of the flying crew.  Also applies to the payroll of executive officers or other employees who operate fixed-wiring aircraft in the conduct of the employer’s business.  If the records of the employer clearly indicate the weeks in which such employees perform flying:

  1. Only the payroll for each week during any part of which the employee has engaged in flight duties is to be assigned to this classification code, unless the classification code applicable to the employee’s non-flying operations carries a higher rate, in which case that classification code will apply.
  2. The payroll in each week in which no flying has been done is to be assigned to those classification codes that would otherwise apply.  If the records of the employer do not clearly indicate the weeks in which flying is performed by such employees, the entire payroll for such employees must be assigned to this classification code unless the classification applicable to the employee’s non-flying operations carries a higher rate in which case that classification code will apply.

Employees who are transported as passengers and who are not members of the flying crew are to have their payroll and losses assigned to their standard occupational classification.  Refer to Rule VIII “Executive Officers” Section (A)(8) of this Manual. 

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Aerial photography other than mapping or surveying work – ground laboratory employees.  Refer to Code 4361 “Photographer – All Employees & Drivers.”

  2. Airline ticket offices – information and ticket clerk – no baggage handling or weighing – not located at the airport.  Refer to Code 8810 “Clerical Office Employees – NOC.”

  3. Air carrier – scheduled, commuter or supplemental.  Refer to Code 7405 “Aviation – Air Carrier – Scheduled, Commuter or Supplemental – Flying Crew.”

  4. Airports – security personnel supplied by contracting agencies including drivers.  Refer to Code 7723 “Detective or Patrol Agency & Drivers.”

  5. Air carrier – scheduled, commuter or supplemental – all other employees and drivers.  Air carrier – charter – all other employees and drivers.  Refer to Code 7403 “Aviation – Aerial Application, Seeding, Herding or Scintillometer Surveying – All Other Employees & Drivers.” 

  6. Aviation – Flying Crew: 
    1. Aerial application, seeding, herding or scintillometer surveying
    2. Aerial firefighting
    3. Aviation – NOC
    4. Flight testing
    5. Patrol, photography, mapping, or survey work
    6. Sales or service agency or student instruction
    7. Stunt flying, racing or parachute jumping

Refer to Code 7422 “Aviation – Aerial Application, Seeding, Herding or Scintillometer Surveying – Flying Crew.”

Awning or Tent Mfg. – Shop Only

Note:

Description

Code 2576 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing large and small products that are made of canvas, duck or water-resistant textiles.  This classification includes manufacturing products such as, but not limited to, awnings, tents, tarpaulins, drop cloths, pool liners, rafts or floats, bags and knapsacks provided these products are produced from the above listed materials.  Powered material cutters, grommet equipment, sewing machines, pipe and bar stock cutters and threaders may be utilized to fabricate these products. Buttons, snaps, zippers, pull strings or fasteners maybe added.

Assignment By Analogy

• Canopies – canvas – includes repair in shop
• Sails
• Trampolines – canvas or fabric surface – jumping surface 
• Truck covers – canvas – including repair in shop
• X-ray – protective equipment – lead lined canvas blankets or vests

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Awnings or canopies:
    1.  Aluminum.  Refer to Code 3076 “Fireproof Equipment Mfg.”
    2. Plastic 
      1.  Compression or injection molded.  Refer to Code 4475 "Plastics Mfg. - Molded Products - NOC."
      2. Assembling and finishing.  Refer to Code 4476 “Plastics Mfg. – Molded Products – NOC – Assembling and Subsequent Finishing Only.”
      3. Fabricated from sheets, rods or tubes.  Refer to Code 4452 “Plastics Mfg. – Fabricated Products – NOC.”
  2. Bags or sacks:
    1.  Made of burlap, cotton or gunny sack.  Refer to Code 2578 “Bag or Sack Mfg. – Cloth.”
    2.  Backpack, knapsack, hammock or luggage manufacturing made of textile fabrics.  Refer to Code 2553 “Furnishing Goods Mfg. – NOC – From Textile Fabrics.” 
  3. Canvas spinning or weaving.  Refer to Code 2302 “Silk Thread or Yarn Mfg.”   
  4. Installation, removal or repair of awnings, tents, canvas products, sails or other similar products away from shop.  Refer to Code 9539 “Awning, Tent or Canvas Goods Erection, Removal or Repair – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”  

Awning, Tent or Canvas Goods Erection, Removal or Repair – All Operations to Completion & Drivers

Note:

Applies to operations away from the shop.

Applies to interior or exterior work, including the hanging of flags or bunting for conventions or celebrations.

Description

Code 9539 applies to employers engaged in erection of canvas goods, awnings, or tents.  All types of awning such as plastic, canvas, or aluminum are contemplated under this classification. 

The employer will use the awning, canvas tops or covers fabricated by the employer or purchased from suppliers.  The materials to be installed are delivered by the employer to the customer’s location for set up.  The installation of these products is inclusive under this classification.  The repair of canvas goods, awnings or tents away from the shop facility is also inclusive under this classification.  This classification is also applicable to the decorating of meeting rooms, convention halls, parties, parade routes, political rallies and festivals.

This classification also applies where on a sailboat, the employer removes old sails and replaces them with new ones.
 

Assignment By Analogy

Wreaths – exterior – street decorating

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Installation:
    1. Bazaar booths.  Refer to Code 5403 “Carpentry – NOC – All Operations to Completion.”
    2. Cardboard window display or curtains, tapestries or draperies from floor or stepladder.  Refer to Code 9521 “House Furnishings Installation & Upholstering – NOC – All Operations to Completion.”   
    3. Metal, plastic or wood signs.  Refer to Code 9552 “Sign Erection or Repair – Away From Shop – Not Outdoor Advertising Companies – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

Baby Carriage Mfg.

Note:

Description

Code 3865 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing baby carriages or strollers, doll carriages, bicycles, tricycles, unicycles, and bicycles, regardless of the type of raw material used such as metal, plastic, wood, fiber or reed.  This classification also includes woodworking, metal working and upholstering operations.

Raw materials such as steel tubing and aluminum stock are received from others and cut, bent, punched, drilled and assembled by welding to form the frame.  Other bicycle parts such as seats, wheels, chains, pedals and handlebars are added onto the manufactured frame. 

The in-shop repair of the items manufactured, and bicycle repair in a shop when not performed by a dealer, is inclusive under this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Carriages – other than baby or wagon assembly and/or repair.  Horse drawn carriages manufacturing.  Push carts manufacturing.  Refer to Code 3808 “Automobile Mfg. or Assembly.” 

Bag Mfg. – Paper or Plastic

Note:

Description

Code 4273 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing paper bags.  Paper is received in rolls and placed on bag making machines.  The machine draws the paper in and, if requested by the employer’s customer, will imprint the customers’ business name, address and/or the company logo on the paper.  The printed paper is cut and folded to size and the seams glued at one end to form completed bags. 

This classification also applies to manufacturing plastic heat-sealed bags commonly used to package consumer goods.  Plastic film is received in two-ply rolls.  The rolls are pressed on printing presses which, when requested by the customer, will imprint the customer’s business name, address and/or company logo on the film.  The printed film is placed on a heat sealing (bag making) machine which cuts, folds and heat seals three sides forming the bag. 

The finished bags are then inspected, packed, stored and shipped to the employer’s customers.

Assignment By Analogy

Paper sacks

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Paper.  Refer to Code 4239 “Paper Mfg.”
    2. Plastic film.  Refer to Code 4459 “Plastics Mfg. – Sheets, Rods, or Tubes.”

Bag or Sack Mfg. - Cloth

Note:

This code will expire on 10/01/2024

Applies to the manufacturing, renovation or repair of cotton, burlap or gunny bags or sacks.

Description

Code 2578 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing, renovating or repairing bags or sacks made from textile fabrics such as cotton, burlap or gunny only.  These types of bags or sacks are used as containers for flour, sugar, salt, meat products, vegetables, fruit, fertilizer, coal, and building materials.  Operations such as bale opening, cloth slitting, sheeting, folding, sewing and turning are inclusive under this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Bags, backpacks, knapsacks or sacks:
      1. Canvas.  Refer to Code 2576 “Awning or Tent Mfg. – Shop Only.”
      2. From textile fabrics.  Refer to Code 2553 “Furnishing Goods Mfg. – NOC – From Textile Fabrics.”
    2. Cosmetic bags:
      1. Leather.  Refer to Code 2688 “Leather Goods Mfg. – NOC.”
      2. Textile.  Refer to Code 2553 “Furnishing Goods Mfg. – NOC – From Textile Fabrics.”   
    3. Paper and plastic shopping bags – heat sealed.  Refer to Code 4273 “Bag Mfg. – Paper or Plastic.”

Bakery & Route Salespersons, Route Supervisors, Drivers

Note:

Applies to shops engaged in making bagels from raw ingredients.

Description

Code 2003 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing baked goods such as, but not limited to, cakes, pies, croissants, muffins, cupcakes, pastries, brownies, bread, rolls, doughnuts, and other bakery items.  Ingredients such as flour, baking powder, sugar, salt, yeast, water, milk, butter, eggs, shortening, nuts, fruits, and flavoring extracts are purchased from others and mixed according to recipe by use of commercial mixing machines, stand mixers, and hand mixers.

Customers may request customized cakes to be made for special occasions.

Assignment By Analogy

• Bagel manufacturing
• Beef patties manufacturing
• Doughnut or cruller manufacturing – not at retail shops
• Pizza dough – fresh or frozen
• Taco shells – soft – baked

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing crackers, biscuits, cookies, matzos, wafers, hard pretzels, and ice cream cones.  Refer to Code 2001 “Cookie Mfg.”

  2. Doughnut shops which manufacture, prepare or serve doughnuts and/or crullers, beverages, or other food items to private individuals for consumption on or away from premises.  Refer to Code 9072 “Restaurant – Fast Food & Drivers.”

  3. Sale of doughnuts or crullers, with no manufacturing or food service.  Refer to Code 8017 “Retail Store – NOC – No Service of Food.”

  4. Bakeries operating a store selling baked goods to private individuals exclusively at the same location or separate location.  Assign the appropriate store classification.

  5. Bakeries operating a store serving baked goods to private individuals exclusively at the same location or separate location for immediate consumption on or away from the premises.  Refer to Code 8043 “Retail Store – NOC – Including Service of Food – Not Restaurants” or Code 9072 “Restaurant – Fast Food & Drivers.”

Ball or Roller Bearing Mfg.

Note:

Shall not be assigned to an employer engaged in operations described by another classification unless the operations subject to Code 3638 are conducted as a separate and distinct business.

Description

Code 3638 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing ball and/or roller bearings which are used in a variety of rotating equipment, devices and parts.  Steel rods are received from others and are fed into furnaces which feed white-hot steel into a heading machine, where it is then cut by shears into small cylinders.  The small cylinders are then shaped into rough spheres by dies and rough balls are ejected.  The balls are then cooled, ground, heat treated, quenched in oil and then tested for strength using a hydraulic ram.  Some of the balls are shipped to customers while others are assembled into roller bearings.

The fabrication of roller bearings consists of forged rings being machined, ground and polished with care to form an inner and outer ring with ground grooves that will act as raceways for the balls.  A separator or cage will then be formed to fit around the balls to prevent bunching.  The parts are assembled and inspected.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Automobile or sleeve type bearings manufacturing.  Refer to Code 3632 “Machine Shop – NOC.”  

Bank and Trust Companies – All Employees & Clerical, Outside Salespersons, Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 8855 applies to financial institutions that receive, lend, exchange, and safeguard money.  It includes traditional saving and loan institutions as well as credit unions and commercial banks.  Services include providing savings and checking accounts, certificates of deposit, safe deposit box rentals, and mortgages.  This classification includes, but is not limited to, bank managers, tellers, loan officers, security personnel, armed and unarmed attendants, ushers, door attendants, runners, messengers, janitorial and maintenance personnel and real estate appraisers that are largely engaged in appraising the value of private dwellings. 

Customers of these types of institutions can be other commercial enterprises as well as individuals.  These institutions generally employ tellers, who help customers open accounts, make deposits or withdrawals, and loan officers, who process loan applications and service accounts.

This classification also applies not only to “brick and mortar” banks but online banks as well.  Online banks offer similar services, such as savings and checking accounts, certificates of deposit, and mortgages, but online banks may not have a physical location that customers can visit, but they transact business via the internet and by other means.

Assignment By Analogy

• Armored car crews – (not applicable to contractors who provide such services)
• Employees engaged in care, custody or maintenance – including night watchmen, elevator operators and starters
• Special officers, attendants, ushers, doormen, runners or messengers

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Check cashing establishments.  Refer to Code 8810 “Clerical Office Employees – NOC.”

  2. Insurance companies that assume risk in exchange for premium.  Refer to Code 8723 “Insurance Companies & Clerical, Salespersons.”

  3. Brokerage and financial consulting companies, credit card companies and credit collection agencies:
    1. For clerical office employees.  Refer to Code 8810 “Clerical Office Employees – NOC.”
    2. For outside salespersons.  Refer to Code 8742 “Salespersons, Collectors or Messengers – Outside.”

 

Bar, Dance Club, Lounge, Nightclub or Tavern – Including Entertainers and/or Musicians

Note:

The entire remuneration of all entertainers shall be included in computing premium subject however, to the maximum average weekly wage per employee.  Refer to the “Miscellaneous Values” of Part Three – Loss Costs of this Manual for current weekly
maximum amounts.

Description

Code 9074 applies to employers engaged in operating a bar, dance club, lounge, nightclub, tavern or similar type of establishments principally serving alcoholic beverages.  These types of establishments may also offer prepared food for immediate consumption, however, more than 50% of the sales is derived from the service of alcoholic beverages.

This classification includes the brewing of beer by the employer for immediate consumption by the customer.

Entertainers and/or musicians are inclusive under this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Restaurants- Any location at which more than 50% of the sales is derived from the service of food consumed on or away from the premises.  Refer to Code 9071 “Restaurant – Full-Service – Including Entertainers and/or Musicians” or Code 9072 “Restaurant – Fast Food & Drivers.”

  2. Restaurant, bar, dance, club, lounge, nightclub or tavern operated by hotels or motels.  Refer to Code 9058 “Hotel – NOC – Restaurant Employees.”

  3. Retail stores, principally selling merchandise Not Otherwise Classified (NOC) in this Manual with service of food.  Refer to Code 8043 “Retail Store – NOC – Including Service of Food – Not Restaurants.”

Barber Shop

Note:

Description

Code 9586 applies to employers that provide personal grooming services for both men and women involving hair, scalp, face and hands.  The services include hair shampooing, dyeing, styling, cutting, shaping, straightening, setting, drying, permanent waving and wig or hairpiece fitting, and facial massage, eyebrow tweezing, shaving, mustache and beard trimming, fingernail care and cosmetology.  Indoor suntanning provided by use of ultraviolet lamps or other means is also assigned to this classification when performed by beauty parlors or barbershops.  Some shops will provide services at customers’ homes or at hospitals.  This classification also includes barber or beauty parlor schools and tanning parlors that operate as separate businesses. 

Additionally, this classification contemplates “make-over salons,” where individuals may receive all or some of the above services and may receive massages and/or partake of steam bath facilities.

Employers engaged in the business of tattooing or body piercing are additionally contemplated by this classification.  These operations are analogous to beauty salon work involving dyes and needles to affix permanent eyebrows and eyeliners to a customer’s face.  Body piercing in this context refers to puncturing a body part such as an earlobe to enable the customer to wear earrings or other ornamental decorations that are intended to be worn on a punctured body part.

Assignment By Analogy

• Electrolysis
• Day spas

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Body piercing operations that take place at a jewelry store whose principal business is the sale of jewelry.  Assign to the appropriate store classification.

  2. Exercise institutes and massage parlors.  Refer to Code 9055 “Exercise or Health Institute."

Note:

Applies to shower and bath facilities including those located at public beaches and lakes.

Description

Code 9015 applies to employers engaged in operating bathhouses and/or providing lifeguards at public or private baths, beaches or pools.  The maintenance or cleaning of the swimming pools and bathhouses are also contemplated under this classification.  The lifeguard or maintenance employees may also test the pool water for accurate pH and chlorine levels.  This classification also covers the lifeguard inspection of lifesaving equipment, pool decks and restrooms to ensure proper operation.

The operation of public baths or saunas is also contemplated under this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Contractors cleaning or maintaining swimming pools only, not by construction contractors.  Refer to Code 9030 “Building Service Contractor.”

Battery Mfg. – Dry

Note:

Description

Code 3642 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing dry chargeable batteries or dry rechargeable batteries that primarily consist of the zinc carbon or mercuric/silver oxide or alkaline type.  These types of batteries may range in size ranging from small circular coin or button size batteries to sizes such as AAA, AA, C, D, 9-volt or lantern.  Dry cell batteries are commonly used to power a multitude of devices including but not limited to hearing aids, flashlights, photographic equipment, toys, video equipment and wrist watches.

The components of a battery usually consist of a container/case, a cap, electrodes, an electrolyte and a current collector.  Chemicals are mixed along with other materials to form the electrolyte mix, which is then added to the battery container.  The additional battery components are assembled inside the container and the battery is then capped.  The battery manufacturing process is usually fully automated.

The manufactured batteries are tested, packaged and packed for shipment to the employer’s customers.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Battery – “wet cell” – automobile type.  Refer to Code 3647 “Battery Mfg. – Storage.”

Battery Mfg. – Storage

Note:

Description

Code 3647 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing wet batteries that primarily consist of sulphuric acid and water electrolyte and used to power mobile equipment such as automobiles and vessels.  The components of a battery generally consist of a case or container, electrodes, caps, sulfuric acid and water electrolyte.  These materials may be manufactured by the employer or are purchased from others.  The chemicals and other materials are mixed together to form the electrolyte mix.  The mixture is then placed into battery cases and a cap is placed to hold the mixture.  Batteries are then inspected, packed and ready for shipment to the employer’s customers.  The recycling of wet batteries is also included under this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Dry cell or hearing aid battery manufacturing.  Refer to Code 3642 “Battery Mfg. – Dry.”

Beer or Ale Dealer – Wholesale & Drivers

Note:

Code 7390 and Code 2121 “Brewery & Drivers” shall not be assigned to the same risk unless the operations described by these classifications are conducted as separate and distinct businesses.

Description

Code 7390 applies to employers performing wholesale distribution of beer and ale. These alcoholic beverages in bottles, cans, or kegs are purchased from breweries or bottling firms. The cases, cartons, or kegs of beer or ale are usually placed in these employers’ warehouses, some of which may have cold storage facilities, prior to being delivered to their customers, e.g., retail outlets, restaurants, and bars.

This classification includes all warehouse employees, merchandisers and drivers and their helpers.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Brewing for ale, beer, or malt liquor. Refer to Code 2121 “Brewery & Drivers.”

  2. Bottling firms. Refer to Code 2157 “Bottling – NOC & Drivers.”

Bicycle Store – Retail – Including Rental, Incidental Service or Repair

Note:

Description

Code 8025 applies to retail dealers principally engaged in sales and rental of foot powered bicycles, tricycles, and unicycles including the incidental repair and service of foot powered cycles.  Also, included is the incidental sale of parts such as but not limited to brakes, chains, pedals, tires and rims.

In addition, bicycle stores may also sell a variety of bicycle accessories such as baskets, bells and horns, and sporting, exercise or recreational equipment, and clothing.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Retail Sales:
    1. Bicycle accessories and sporting, exercise, or recreational equipment.  Refer to Code 8017 “Retail Store – NOC – No Service of Food.”
    2. Bicycle parts or tires.  Refer to Code 7998 “Hardware Store – Retail.”
    3. Clothing or shoes.  Refer to Code 8008 “Clothing or Wearing Apparel Store – Retail.”
  2. Wholesale Sales:
    1. Foot powered bicycles, tricycles, unicycles, or bicycle parts.  Refer to Code 7999 “Hardware Store – Wholesale.”
    2. Bicycle tires.  Refer to Code 8018 “Wholesale Store – NOC.”

Bill Posting – All Operations to Completion & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 9545 applies to employers engaged in posting advertising bills on outdoor billboards and sides of building walls.  Old paper or vinyl is removed from the billboard.  New paper or vinyl is placed and secured with paste and rolled smooth.  Some vinyl is self-adhesive and is placed and rolled onto the billboard.  Posting is done from ladders, scaffolding and the ground or roof.  This classification also contemplates the hanging of paper or poster board onto poles, walls or other outdoor surfaces.  Nails or staples are another form of attachment of the advertising bills.  The employer will also make maintenance or repairs on billboards using hand or portable power tools.
 

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Painting or lettering:
    1. Advertising companies engaged in sign painting or lettering on the exterior of buildings or other structures or erecting and maintaining of outdoor advertising on billboards by advertising companies.  Refer to Code 9549 “Advertising Co. – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”
    2.  Interior sign painting or lettering.  Refer to Code 9501 “Painting – Shop Only & Drivers.”
    3. Signs on the exterior of buildings or other structures.  Refer to code 9553 “Sign Painting or Lettering on Buildings or Structures – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”
  2. Bill posting in buses and trains.  Refer to Code 5491 “Wallpaper Hanging – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  3. Erecting or repairing of signs, other than outdoor advertising companies.  Refer to Code 9552 “Sign Erection or Repair – Away From Shop – Not Outdoor Advertising Companies – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

Billiard Hall

Note:

Shall not be assigned to an employer engaged in operations described by another classification unless the operations subject to Code 9089 are conducted as a separate and distinct business.

Description

Code 9089 applies to employers engaged in operating billiard halls, more commonly referred to as pool halls.  Pool halls are usually large open area rooms with various types of pool tables depending on the type of game played (i.e. snooker pool and bumper pool).  These establishments usually have a bar or grill operated within them to provide refreshments, food and snacks to patrons for a fee.  Some pool halls also offer waiter or waitress service to the tables.  It is common to find video games, air hockey and dart boards in these establishments as additional means of entertainment for customers.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Bowling lanes, roller and ice-skating rinks, enterprises involving throwing balls or darts at various targets, miniature golf, batting cages, golf driving ranges, laser tag, paintball, archery ranges, shooting galleries, (using air rifles only), public tennis courts, bocce ball and ping pong parlors.  Refer to Code 9093 “Sports Related Entertainment Facilities.”
     

 

Blacksmith

Note:

Shall not be assigned to an employer engaged in operations described by another classification unless the operations subject to Code 3111 are conducted as a separate and distinct business.

Description

Code 3111 applies to employers engaged in blacksmith operations.  Iron bars or strips and other materials are heated in a forge fired by coal, coke, gas or oil and formed into various shapes by hammering, bending and twisting.  These operations are usually done by hand. Incidental welding, grinding tool tempering and sharpening may be performed.  This classification is also applicable to a blacksmith or farrier who shoes horses or mules.  

This classification also contemplates pipe bending and cutting according to customers’ specifications.  Pipe pending by specialty contractors is also contemplated by this classification.

Tube bending is done using various types of tubing such as copper, brass, steel and aluminum.  Rolls of tubing are straightened by machine, aligned and cut to length.  After tubing is cut, it is placed on a bending machine and bent to shape.

Assignment By Analogy

Oil pipe fitting – forged type

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Pipe fittings and supplies manufacturing – plumbers’ type.  Threading and cutting plumbing pipes or tubes.  Refer to Code 3188 “Plumbers’ Supplies Mfg. – NOC.”

Boarding or Livery Stable – Not Sales Stable & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 7201 applies to employers engaged in operating a horse livery or horse boarding stable.  The employer boards their customers’ horses and may also board their own horses.  This classification contemplates the maintenance of the stables and any equipment utilized in the operation of the stables as well as feeding, grooming and general care of the horses.

Assignment By Analogy

• Horse show or rodeos – stable employees      
• Racetracks – stable employees

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Horse breeders.  Refer to Code 0006 “Farm – NOC & Drivers.”

  2. Horse racing stable – including jockeys and trainers.  Grooming race horses.  Refer to Code 8280 “Racing Stable & Drivers.”
     

Boat Building – NOC – Wood & Drivers – Coverage Under State Act Only

Note:

Includes shop and yard work.

Description

Code 6811 applies to employers engaged in construction of wooden commercial-type craft of any length and does not include repair work.  This classification is also applicable to the construction/manufacture of wooden floating dry docks.

Assignment By Analogy

Barges, canoes, tugboats – wood

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Boat rental or livery.  Refer to Code 7038 “Boat Livery – Boats Under 15 Tons – Program I,” Code 7050 “Boat Livery – Boats Under 15 Tons – Program II USL Act,” and Code 7090 “Boat Livery – Boats Under 15 tons – Program II – State Act.”

  2. The construction/manufacturing of metal floating docks.  Refer to Code 6824F “Boat Building or Repair & Drivers – Coverage Under U.S. Act” and Code 6834 “Boat Building or Repair & Drivers – Coverage Under State Act Only.”

Boat Building – NOC – Wood & Drivers – Coverage Under U.S. Act

Note:

Includes shop and yard work.

Description

Code 6801F applies to employers engaged in construction of wooden commercial-type craft of any length and does not include repair work.  This classification is also applicable to the construction/manufacture of wooden floating dry docks.

Assignment By Analogy

Barges, canoes, tugboats – wood – coverage under U.S. Act

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Repair work of commercial-type craft.  Refer to Code 6811 “Boat Building – NOC – Wood & Drivers – Coverage Under State Act Only.”

  2. The construction/manufacturing of metal floating docks.  Refer to Code 6824F  “Boat Building or Repair & Drivers – Coverage Under U.S. Act” and Code 6834  “Boat Building or Repair & Drivers – Coverage Under State Act Only.”

Boat Building or Repair & Drivers – Coverage Under State Act Only

Note:

Code 6834 is applicable to the construction of wood, metal, fiberglass or plastic yachts, motor boats, sailboats or rowboats under 65 feet in length.

Includes shop and yard work.

 Applicable to repair of any recreational vessel or to dismantling any part of a recreational vessel in connection with the repair of such vessel.

Description

Code 6834 applies to employers engaged in fabrication or construction of wood, metal, fiberglass or plastic boats under 65 feet in length and to the repair and reconditioning of these vessels.  Although this classification specifically refers to yachts, motorboats, sailboats and rowboats, the classification is not limited solely to the construction of pleasure watercraft but has also been assigned to those risks predominantly engaged in such operations, which occasionally construct or repair commercial-type boats within the 150-foot in length limitation.  This is in recognition of the fact that most of the pleasure-type boat building concerns primarily engaged in the construction or repair of pleasure craft will, on occasion, repair or even construct small commercial watercraft.

The manufacturing of personal watercraft is additionally contemplated by this classification and Code 6824F “Boat Building or Repair & Drivers – Coverage Under U.S. Act.”  Personal watercraft are small motorized boats usually designed for occupancy by one or two passengers.  These boats are used for recreational purposes, which may include participation in racing tournaments.

The construction/manufacture of metal floating docks is assigned to Code 6824F “Boat Building or Repair & Drivers – Coverage Under U.S. Act” and Code 6834 by analogy.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Boat building or repair:
    1. Boats over 65 feet in length and up to 150 feet in length.  Refer to Code 6824F “Boat Building or Repair & Drivers – Coverage Under U.S. Act.”
    2. Wood – exclusively.  Refer to Code 6801F “Boat Building – NOC – Wood & Drivers – Coverage Under U.S. Act,” and Code 6811 “Boat Building – NOC – Wood & Drivers – Coverage Under State Act Only.”
  2. Boat rental or livery.  Refer to Code 7038 “Boat Livery – Boats Under 15 Tons – Program I,” Code 7090 “Boat Livery – Boats Under 15 Tons – Program II – State Act,” and Code 7050 “Boat Livery – Boats Under 15 Tons – Program II – USL Act.”

  3. Marinas.  Refer to Code 6836 “Marina & Drivers – Coverage Under State Act Only,” and Code 6826F “Marina & Drivers – Coverage Under U.S. Act.”

  4. Ship building – iron or steel including freighters, passenger vessels and tankers.  Refer to Code 6854 “Shipbuilding – Iron or Steel – NOC & Drivers – Coverage Under State Act Only,” and Code 6843F “Shipbuilding – Iron or Steel – NOC & Drivers – Coverage Under U.S. Act Only.”

Boat Building or Repair & Drivers – Coverage Under U.S. Act

Note:

Code 6834 is applicable to the construction of wood, metal, fiberglass or plastic yachts, motor boats, sailboats or rowboats 65 feet and over in length but not exceeding 150 feet in length.

Includes shop and yard work.   

Not applicable to the repair of any recreational vessel or to dismantling any part of a recreational vessel in connection with the repair of such vessel.

Description

Code 6824F applies to employers engaged in the fabrication or construction of wood, metal, fiberglass or plastic boats 65 feet and over in length but not exceeding 150 feet in length, and to the repair and reconditioning of these vessels.  This classification has not been limited solely to the construction of pleasure watercraft but has also been assigned to those risks predominantly engaged in such operations, which occasionally construct or repair commercial-type boats within the 150-foot length limitation.  This is in recognition of the fact that most of the pleasure-type boat building concerns primarily engaged in the construction or repair of pleasure craft will, on occasion, repair or even construct small commercial watercraft.

The manufacturing of personal watercraft is additionally contemplated by this classification and Code 6834 “Boat Building or Repair & Drivers – Coverage Under State Act Only.”  Personal watercraft are small motorized boats usually designed for occupancy by one or two passengers.  These boats are used for recreational purposes, which may include participation in racing tournaments.

Assignment By Analogy

• Boat motors only – inboard or outboard – building or repairing
• Oakum – for boat caulking – shop repairs and installation

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Boat building or repair – boats under 65 feet in length.  Refer to Code  6834  “Boat Building or Repair & Drivers – Coverage Under State Act Only.”

  2. Boat building or repair – wood exclusively.  Refer to Code 6801F “Boat Building – NOC – Wood & Drivers – Coverage Under U.S. Act” and Code 6811 “Boat Building – NOC – Wood & Drivers – Coverage Under State Act only.”

  3. Boat rental or livery.  Refer to Code 7038 “Boat Livery – Boats Under 15 Tons – Program I,” Code 7050 “Boat Livery – Boats Under 15 Tons – Program II – USL Act,” and Code 7090 “Boat Livery – Boats Under 15 Tons – Program II – State Act.”

Boat Livery – Boats Under 15 Tons – Program I

Note:

Concessions – boats in parks – concessions aboard vessels shall be assigned to the classification which would apply if the operations were conducted on land.      

Description

Code 7038 applies to operations described in this scope that are conducted on waters subject to Admiralty jurisdiction.  Refer to Rule XII “Admiralty Law and the Federal Employers’ Liability Act” of this Manual for explanation of the Admiralty law and a description of Coverage Programs that pertain to this classification.

Pilot boats, which are usually small vessels used to deliver a pilot to and from the pilot’s ship in a harbor, are also included in this classification.  Activities within the scope of this classification include rental, operation, storage and maintenance aboard the boat and on the shore.

Vessels – Sail   

This classification is applicable to any masted vessel used in a commercial manner with the exception of masted fishing vessels, which are properly classified to Code 7016 “Fishing Vessels — NOC.”  Masted vessels that fall within the scope of this classification may also use engines as needed for power.  This classification includes sailing vessels chartered by individuals or groups for recreational purposes including such diversions as sightseeing, snorkeling and swimming.  In addition, these vessels may provide entertainment as well as beverage and meal service for their passengers.

Yachts – Private – Sail or Power

This classification is assigned to the demonstration or operation of private yachts, either sail or power, on navigable waters when Admiralty coverage is afforded by the policy.  It has also been assigned to employees engaged in hydroplane racing on navigable waters when Admiralty coverage is afforded.

Boat livery is generally associated with the transport of people to unspecified locations as opposed to a ferry, which operates on a designated schedule and will carry fare-paying passengers between two or more points.  Boat livery-type vessels will usually not carry passengers’ vehicles or cargo for others.  Activities contemplated by this scope include the operation, rental, storage and maintenance of vessels under 15 tons.  The reference to boats “under 15 tons” refers to the displacement of the vessel without stores (supplies such as food, clothing or arms), bunk (sleeping accommodations), fuel or cargo.

Operations contemplated by this classification include the operation of glass-bottom boats as tourist attractions, the operation of boats on a lake as part of amusement parks or resorts, white-water rafting trips, sightseeing boats, harbor tours, drift fishing boats, chartered fishing boats and riverboat gambling vessels provided that these vessels weigh less than 15 tons.

Assignment By Analogy

Livery – including laying up and putting boats into commission

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Vessels weighing 15 tons or greater.  Refer to Code 7016 “Vessels – NOC – Program I,” Code 7024 “Vessels – NOC – Program II – State Act,” and Code 7047 “Vessels – NOC – Program II – USL Act.”

  2. When Longshore coverage is afforded to a boatyard, located on or adjacent to water, that is engaged in sales, repair, service and/or storage of boats.  Refer to Code 6826F “Marina & Drivers – Coverage Under U.S Act” and when only State Act coverage is afforded, refer to Code 6836 “Marina & Drivers – Coverage Under State Act Only.”

Boat Livery – Boats Under 15 Tons – Program II – State Act

Note:

Concessions aboard vessels shall be assigned to the classification which would apply if the operations were conducted on land.

Description

Code 7090 applies to operations described in this scope that are conducted on waters subject to Admiralty jurisdiction.  Refer to Rule XII “Admiralty Law and the Federal Employers’ Liability Act” of this Manual for explanation of the Admiralty law and a description of Coverage Programs that pertain to this classification.

Boat livery is generally associated with the transport of people to unspecified locations as opposed to a ferry, which operates on a designated schedule and will carry fare-paying passengers between two or more points.  Boat livery-type vessels will usually not carry passengers’ vehicles or cargo for others.  Activities contemplated by this scope include the operation, rental, storage and maintenance of vessels under 15 tons.  The reference to boats “under 15 tons” refers to the displacement of the vessel without stores (supplies such as food, clothing or arms), bunk (sleeping accommodations), fuel or cargo.

Operations contemplated by this classification include the operation of glass-bottom boats as tourist attractions, the operation of boats on a lake as part of amusement parks or resorts, white-water rafting trips, sightseeing boats, harbor tours, drift fishing boats, chartered fishing boats and riverboat gambling vessels provided that these vessels weigh less than 15 tons.

Vessels – Sail   

This classification is applicable to any masted vessel used in a commercial manner with the exception of masted fishing vessels, which are properly classified to Code 7016 “Fishing Vessels — NOC.”  Masted vessels that fall within the scope of this classification may also use engines as needed for power.  This code includes sailing vessels chartered by individuals or groups for recreational purposes including such diversions as sightseeing, snorkeling and swimming.  In addition, these vessels may provide entertainment as well as beverage and meal service for their passengers.

Yachts – Private – Sail or Power

This classification is assigned to the demonstration or operation of private yachts, either sail or power, on navigable waters when Admiralty coverage is afforded by the policy.  It has also been assigned to employees engaged in hydroplane racing on navigable waters when Admiralty coverage is afforded.

Assignment By Analogy

Concessions – boats in park

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. When state coverage is afforded to a boatbuilding or repair facility located inland.  Assign the appropriate boatbuilding or repair classification.

  2. Vessels weighing 15 tons or greater.  Refer to Code 7016 “Vessels – NOC – Program I,” Code 7024 “Vessels – NOC – Program II – State Act,” and Code 7047 “Vessels – NOC – Program II – USL Act.”

Boat Livery – Boats Under 15 Tons – Program II – USL Act

Note:

Description

Code 7050 applies to operations described in this scope that are conducted on waters subject to Admiralty jurisdiction.  Refer to Rule XII “Admiralty Law and the Federal Employers’ Liability Act” of this Manual for explanation of the Admiralty law and a description of Coverage Programs that pertain to this classification.

Boat livery is generally associated with the transport of people to unspecified locations as opposed to a ferry, which operates on a designated schedule and will carry fare-paying passengers between two or more points.  Boat livery-type vessels will usually not carry passengers’ vehicles or cargo for others.  Activities contemplated by this scope include the operation, rental, storage and maintenance of vessels under 15 tons.  The reference to boats “under 15 tons” refers to the displacement of the vessel without stores (supplies such as food, clothing or arms), bunk (sleeping accommodations), fuel or cargo.

Operations contemplated by this classification include the operation of glass-bottom boats as tourist attractions, the operation of boats on a lake as part of amusement parks or resorts, white-water rafting trips, sightseeing boats, harbor tours, drift fishing boats, chartered fishing boats and riverboat gambling vessels provided that these vessels weigh less than 15 tons.

Pilot boats, which are usually small vessels used to deliver a pilot to and from the pilot’s ship in a harbor, are also included in this classification.  Activities within the scope of this classification include rental, operation, storage and maintenance aboard the boat and on the shore.

Vessels – Sail   

This classification is applicable to any masted vessel used in a commercial manner with the exception of masted fishing vessels, which are properly classified to Code 7016 “Fishing Vessels — NOC.”  Masted vessels that fall within the scope of this classification may also use engines as needed for power.  This code includes sailing vessels chartered by individuals or groups for recreational purposes including such diversions as sightseeing, snorkeling and swimming.  In addition, these vessels may provide entertainment as well as beverage and meal service for their passengers.

Yachts—Private—Sail or Power

This classification is assigned to the demonstration or operation of private yachts, either sail or power, on navigable waters when Admiralty coverage is afforded by the policy.  It has also been assigned to employees engaged in hydroplane racing on navigable waters when Admiralty coverage is afforded.

Assignment By Analogy

Concessions – boats in parks

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Boat rental or livery.  Refer to Code 7038 “Boat Livery – Boats Under 15 Tons – Program I” and Code 7090 “Boat Livery – Boats Under 15 Tons – Program II – State Act.”

  2. Vessels weighing 15 tons or greater.  Refer to Code 7016 “Vessels – NOC – Program I,” Code 7024 “Vessels – NOC – Program II – State Act,” and Code 7047 “Vessels – NOC – Program II – USL Act.”

Boiler Inspection

Note:

Description

Code 8731 applies to employers engaged in conducting state regulated inspections of boilers, escalators, or elevators to survey their operative condition and safety.  Boiler inspectors conduct regulatory inspections of high- and low-pressure boilers to ascertain the boiler condition and safe method of operation and to remove from service and tag unsafe boilers.  Tests are performed to determine the bursting point and safe working pressure of the boilers.  The employee checks the condition of braces, straps, tubes, shells and all other internal and external boiler parts.

Escalator inspectors will check for torn or damaged step components and comb plates which are floor plates located on top and bottom of the escalator.  Tests are conducted on the steps of the escalator for any excess movement which is deemed unsafe.  The employee will inspect the comb plate for missing teeth and proper mesh with each step tread.  The condition of the emergency brakes is also inspected for proper operation.

Elevator inspectors will inspect, examine and test all parts and functions at required or scheduled intervals to ensure safe operating condition.  The examination will consist of checking the overspeed safety system, potential malfunction or wear of the governor rope system, and excessive leaks of hydraulic drive machines.  The employee will also inspect all landings and car door mechanical and electrical components for any defective parts.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Inspectors:
    1. Building.  Refer to code 9410 “Municipal, Township, County or State Employee – NOC.”
    2. In a boiler installation and repair company.  Refer to Code 3726 “Boiler Installation or Repair – Steam – All Operations to Completion.”   
    3. In an elevator or escalator installation and repair company.  Refer to Code 5160 “Elevator Erection or Repair – All Operations to Completion.”

Boiler Installation or Repair – Steam – All Operations to Completion

Note:

Includes the construction or repair of foundations.

Description

Code 3726 applies to employers engaged in installing or repairing high-pressure steam boilers, cleaning and scaling of boilers or ship boilers, cleaning oil tanks on land, and metal tank erection or repair within buildings.  Employers engaged in operations contemplated by this classification perform these operations for commercial or industrial concerns. 

Boiler installations generally involve excavation, concrete or masonry foundation work, rigging or slinging of drums and headers into place, setting tubes into headers, installation of super heating units, and installation of all steam fitting work.  The installation of breeching by steam boiler erectors is included under this classification.

This classification also applies to employers that specialize in the installation or repair of metal commercial or industrial tanks including oil tanks within buildings and includes construction or repair of the tank foundations.  These operations are like boiler installation and repair in that these contractors perform excavation, foundation work, rigging and installation of the tank auxiliary services.  
  
Specialist contractors engaged in commercial or industrial boiler scaling and the cleaning of tanks, other than sandblasting, are also assigned to this classification.  The operations involve the removal of boiler scales or residue from tanks using either chemicals, steam or mechanical methods.

Assignment By Analogy

• Air compressors – metal receiving tanks
• Furnaces – cast iron – industrial   
• Garbage, trash or waste incinerators – not cast          
• Generators and equipment – steam powered        
 

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Boiler manufacturing:
    1. Cast iron – steam.  Boiler grates.  Furnace – cast iron.  Refer to Code 3081 “Foundry – NOC – Ferrous.”  
    2. Low pressure – hot water (160 PSI or less) or steam (15 lbs. or less).  Boiler – gas or oil – steam.  Blast furnace.  Refer to Code 3620 “Tank Building – Metal – Shop.” 
    3. Boiler tubes – including bending and cutting.  Refer to Code 3111 “Blacksmith.”   
  2. Installation or repair:
    1. Boiler coverings (insulation) at customers’ locations by an insulation contractor.  Refer to Code 5184 “Boiler or Steam Pipe Insulating – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.” 
    2. Boiler at customers’ locations – low pressure – hot water type – 160 PSI (pounds per square inch) or less.  Boiler installation or repair at customers’ locations – low pressure – steam 15 lbs. PSI (pounds per square inch) or less.  Furnace installation other than hot air or industrial.  Refer to Code 5183 “Plumbing – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers." 
    3. Furnace – hot air – household.  Refer to Code 5536 “Air Conditioning and Heating Duct Work – Shop and Outside – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”  
    4. Tank – oil – industrial type – other than within buildings.  Tank installation – non-expanding type – metal – on or below ground including gasoline.  Tank installation – metal – on roof of buildings.  Refer to Code 5057 “Iron or Steel Erection – NOC – All Operations to Completion.”    
  3. Boiler cleaning service – by contractor – vacuuming.  Boiler tube cleaning – by a service contractor.  Refer to Code 9030 “Building Service Contractor.” 

  4. Tank cleaning – by sandblasting.  Refer to Code 1741 “Flint or Spar Grinding & Drivers.”  

  5. Boiler inspection performed by other than a boiler installation firm.  Refer to Code 8731 “Boiler Inspection.” 

  6. Boiler preheaters – oil.  Refer to Code 3632 “Machine Shop – NOC.”     

Boiler or Steam Pipe Insulating – All Operations to Completion & Drivers

Note:

Includes shop.  Applies to the application of cork, asbestos or other non-conducting materials.

Description

Code 5184 applies to employers engaged in installing insulation on steam pipes and boilers.  The insulation material is usually purchased in rolls and when needed, cut to the proper size.  Operations involve measuring the insulation around the pipe and then taping or stapling over the pipe.  Boilers are usually insulated with a special insulated blanket that is wrapped around it and secured with straps.  Hot water lines, furnaces and heating ducts may also require insulation, which is cut, taped and clamped secure.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing of insulated pipe covering.  Refer to Code 4250 “Paper Coating.”

Bolt or Nut Mfg.

Note:

Description

Code 3132 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing nuts, bolts, and spikes from bar or rod stock.  Iron, steel, copper, and bronze bar or rod stock is received from others.  Automatic machinery such as forging machines, shears, cold presses, bending chucks, blanking presses, tapping and threading machines are used in the manufacturing process.  Usually, the products are pressed formed, either hot or cold.

Bar stock is usually fed into an automatic screw machine to be shaped.  After being shaped, the nuts and bolts have a pattern etched into them using a milling machine.  Completion operations include threading, cleaning and preparing items for plating.  Plating is done with a chrome or cadmium finish if performed by the employer.

Assignment By Analogy

• Anchors – building type bolt
• Shackles – including forging
• Turnbuckles – including forging
• U-bolts

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Blast furnace operations involving smelting, sintering or refining metals other than lead or iron.  Refer to Code 1438 “Smelting, Sintering or Refining – NOC – Metals – Not Iron or Lead & Drivers.” 

  2. Rolling mill – brass, copper or other soft metals.  Refer to Code 3027 “Rolling Mill – NOC & Drivers.”   

  3. Rolling mill – iron or steel – cold rolling, drawing or doubling process.  No Steel making.  Refer to Code 3018 “Iron or Steel Mfg. – Rolling Mill & Drivers.”
     

Book Store – Retail

Note:

Not applicable to store locations where more than 50% of the gross receipts is from the service of food or the sale of musical instruments, computers or other hardware, or household or electronic equipment.

Description

Code 8072 applies to stores which are principally engaged in the retail sale of items such as audio or video cassettes, blu ray discs, books, comic books, compact discs, magazines, newspapers, records, sheet music, software, or video games.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. The sale of prepared food items that exceeds 50% of the total gross receipts.  Refer to Code 9071 “Restaurant – Full-Service – Including Entertainers and/or Musician” or Code 9072 “Restaurant – Fast Food & Drivers.”  If the sale of prepared items does not exceed 50% of the gross receipts.  Refer to Code 8043 “Retail Store – NOC – Including Service of Food – Not Restaurants.”

  2. Retail drug stores, cigar stores, or other “NOC” retail stores with no service of food.  Refer to Code 8017 “Retail Store – NOC – No Service of Food.”

 

Bookbinding

Note:

Description

Code 4307 applies to employers engaged in bookbinding.

Prior to the binding process, the printed pages are folded into units known as signatures with the use of buckle or knife folders or in some cases both depending on the weight of the pages.  This signature process is done so that the pages will be in proper position and order.  The folded signatures are then bundled together on power, pneumatic or bundling presses and assembled either manually or mechanically.  The signatures are bound together using wire staplers or adhesive or sewn together with thread.  The pages may need to be cut to final size which may be done with the use of guillotine cutters or knife trimmers.  The book will then be pressed to reduce its thickness.

Book backings and liners are glued using cold or hot glue and then assembled to form a completed book.  The book is then pressed on a removable or standing press until such time the glue has dried.  In some cases, pages are edged with gold leaf or rough edged.  The completed books are inspected, packed and shipped to the employer’s customers.

This classification also includes book repair in shop or restoring old damaged books.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Bookbinding equipment manufacturing.  Refer to Code 3548 “Printing or Bookbinding Machinery Mfg.”

Boot or Shoe Mfg. - NOC

Note:

Description

Code 2660 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing all types of shoes, sneakers, sandals, boots or slippers, including custom made or orthopedic, that are either hand or machine made.

Raw materials such as leather, imitation leather, fabric, rubber heels, wooden heels, plastic heels, soles, padding, eyelets, buckles, glue, cement, nails, staples, tacks, thread, shoe laces, etc. are used in the fabrication process.  This classification includes the manufacturing of tongues, facings, linings, counter heels and soles when made by the same an employer engaged in manufacturing shoes, boots, sneakers, sandals or slippers.  The employer may also purchase these particular items from outside manufacturers as well as other raw materials.  

Designers will create designs of shoes, boots, sneakers, sandals and slippers and produce a paper pattern according to design.  The making of paper patterns is inclusive when performed by the manufacturer for its own shoe manufacturing business.  Shoes, boots, sneakers, sandals or slippers are usually assembled from parts prepared according to pattern with material that is cut by hand or machine.  Operations will usually involve sewing, gluing, cementing and nailing with finishing, trimming, cleaning, brushing, waxing, buffing and polishing.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Boot or shoe paper pattern including cutters, designers and draftspersons.  No cloth cutting.  Applies to employers engaged in manufacturing patterns for use by manufacturers of boots or shoes.  Refer to Code 4282 “Dress Pattern Mfg. – Paper.” 
    2. Shoe findings (facings, linings, tongues) or shoe stock (counter, heel or sole cutting) exclusively.  Heels covered with leather or plastic.  Refer to Code 2688 “Leather Goods Mfg. – NOC.”   
    3. Shoe last blocks for manufacturers or shoemakers.  Refer to Code 2710 “Saw Mill.”          
  2.  Shoe repair or shoe shine services.  Includes hand dyeing or shining.  Refer to Code 9585 “Shoe Repair Shop.”

Bottle, Rubber, Paper Stock or Rag Dealer – Second-Hand & Drivers

Note:

Shall not be assigned to a risk engaged in operations described by another classification unless the operations subject to Code 8264 are conducted as a separate and distinct business.

Description

Code 8264 applies to the operation of collecting, buying, and reselling used or scrap items such as paper stock, rags, plastic, bottles, bones, rubber stock where at least 80% of the total weight of all materials handled is comprised of these items.

This classification is also applicable to beverage bottle or can recycling and paper shredding as a service to others.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Collecting and hauling garbage.  Refer to Code 9403 “Garbage, Ashes or Refuse Collection & Drivers.”

  2. Collecting, buying, and selling used:
    1. Iron or steel scrap 80% of which is comprised of iron or steel scrap.  Refer to Code 8265 “Iron or Steel Scrap Dealer & Drivers.”
    2. Iron or steel, and non-ferrous metal exclusively less than 80% of which consists of iron and steel or materials which include non-ferrous metal scrap but no iron or steel scrap.  Refer to Code 8500 “Metal Scrap Dealer & Drivers.”
    3. Varieties of paper stock, rags, bottles, bones, rubber stock, plastic or metal and some iron or steel scrap.  Refer to Code 8263 “Junk Dealer & Drivers.”
  3. Collecting and hauling shredded or non-shredded paper documents. Refer to Code 9403 “Garbage, Ashes or Refuse Collection & Drivers.”

  4. Dismantling motor vehicles and salvaging or junking parts.  Refer to Code 3821 “Automobile Dismantling & Drivers.”

  5. Exchanging reusable milk bottles.  Refer to Code 8018 “Wholesale Store – NOC.”

  6.  Laundering:
    1. Wiping cloths for commercial customers.  Refer to Code 2591 “Dry Cleaning or Laundry – Commercial & Route Salespersons, Drivers.”
    2. Wiping cloths for retail customers.  Refer to Code 2590 “Dry Cleaning or Laundry – Retail & Route Salespersons, Drivers.”
  7. Manufacturing products from recycled materials.  Assign the appropriate manufacturing classification.

  8. Redeeming bottles and cans including sorting but not crushing.  Refer to Code 8018 “Wholesale Store – NOC.”

  9. Reducing or incinerating garbage.  Refer to Code 7590 “Garbage Works.”

  10. Selling collected or purchased second hand materials.  Assign the appropriate manufacturing classification.

  11. Wrecking and salvaging buildings.  Refer to Code 5701 “Wrecking – Buildings – Not Marine – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

Bottling – NOC & Drivers

Note:

It is common for businesses subject to Code 2157 to engage in route sales.  If the employer employs route salespersons and route supervisors, such employees will be subject to Code 2157 and not to Code 8751  “Route Salespersons and Route Supervisors” since Code 2157 includes drivers.

Description

Code 2157 applies to employers engaged in bottling or canning carbonated liquids as well as warehousing, labeling, packaging and distributing of the product where the bottling or canning is performed.

Assignment By Analogy

Beer – received from outside sources – bottling or canning only

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Breweries – brewing beer including bottling.  Refer to Code 2121 “Brewery & Drivers

Box Mfg. – NOC – Folding Paper

Note:

Description

Code 4243 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing cardboard boxes which are shipped in a flat or unassembled state to be assembled or folded into boxes by the end user.

Cardboard or paperboard sheet stock is cut to size, die cut to shape and creased or scored for fold lines.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Corrugated cardboard boxes other than as described above in the “Description.” Refer to Code 4244 “Corrugated or Fiberboard Container Mfg.”
    2. Paper boxes – set-up or fully assembled type paper boxes.  Refer to Code 4240 “Box Mfg. – Set-Up Paper.”
    3. Paper or paperboard.  Refer to Code 4239 “Paper Mfg.”
    4. Plastic boxes or box parts by molding operations.  Refer to Code 4452 “Plastics Mfg. – Fabricated Products – NOC” and Code 4475 “Plastics Mfg. – Molded Products – NOC.”
    5. Sheet metal boxes or containers.  Refer to Code 3066 “Sheet Metal Work – Shop Only,” or Code 3067 “Sheet Metal Work – Shop Only.”
    6. Wooden boxes or crates manufacturing.  Refer to Code 2759 “Box or Box Shook Mfg.”

Box Mfg. – Set-Up Paper

Note:

Description

Code 4240 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing cardboard packaging boxes distributed in an assembled state (not flat state) with tops or closures in place.  These products are commonly used to package candy, drugs, jewelry, shoes, stationery, hats, hosiery, shirts, and other similar products.  The materials used in paper box manufacturing normally include cardboard stock (also referred to as paperboard, box board or pasteboard), rolls of flat finish or coated paper, staying tape, lace or plain paper used for the flat inside section of the box, paste, gum or glue, ink, type, plates, labels or wrappers.    

Cardboard stock is received cut to size, scored and creased to box dimensions. Employees cut out box corners, bend the box sides (flanges) and secure the box corners with a “corner stayer,” which pastes gummed tape or paper to the corners of the box. Next, in a process called “stripping” they automatically glue paper to the sides of the box. The box tops and bottoms are spread with paper which, in many instances, has been previously printed or embossed. This process often involves topping or wrapping machines. When boxes are to be paper-lined, “flyleaf” or “lace paper” is gummed on the edge and pressed to the inside of the box. Thumbhole cutters punch out the thumbholes for the box. Employees set type or plates in presses, print the labels and hand or machine paste the labels onto the boxes. Lastly, the boxes are examined, closed with covers, bundled and shipped. 

This classification also includes manufacturing set-up or assembled boxes made of acetate or similar plastic sheet materials if the manufacturing operations are comparable to those associated with the manufacturing of cardboard boxes as described above.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Corrugated cardboard boxes or fiberboard containers.  Refer to Code 4244 “Corrugated or Fiberboard Container Mfg.”
    2. Folding cardboard boxes – other than those made from corrugated cardboard or fiberboard materials.  Refer to Code 4243 “Box Mfg. – NOC – Folding Paper.”
    3. Paper or paperboard.  Refer to Code 4239 “Paper Mfg.”
    4. Plastic boxes or box parts by molding operations.  Assign the appropriate plastics manufacturing classification according to the molding process involved.  Refer to Code 4452 “Plastics Mfg. – Fabricated Products – NOC” and Code 4475 “Plastics Mfg. – Molded Products – NOC.”
    5. Sheet metal boxes or containers.  Refer to Code 3066 “Sheet Metal Work – Shop Only” or Code 3067 “Sheet Metal Work – Shop Only.” 
    6. Wooden boxes or crates.  Refer to Code 2759 “Box or Box Shook Mfg.”

Box or Box Shook Mfg.

Note:

Description

Code 2759 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing or assembling various types of wooden crates, boxes or box parts.  The machine operations generally involve planing, sawing, cutting, tonguing, grooving, matching and the machine nailing of shooks into panels.  The box shooks may also be assembled by hand nailing.  Box shooks are defined as bundles of parts that are ready to be assembled into boxes.  

The assembly of barrels, cooperage or kegs from prefabricated purchased parts are also inclusive under this classification.  

Includes repair of the wooden crates or wooden boxes and other products assigned to this classification when performed in the shop for their customers.  Also, includes repairs to wooden boxes performed by second-hand dealers.

Assignment By Analogy

• Animal or bird cages  
• Beverage cases

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Barrel or drums stock – heads, hoops or staves, cooperage stock or keg parts – wood.  Refer to Code 2710 “Saw Mill.” 
    2. Pallets or skids.  Refer to Code 2802 “Carpentry – Shop Only & Drivers.”  
  2. Cleaning barrels or drums made of fiber or wood performed by a cleaning service contractor.  Refer to Code 8018 “Wholesale Store – NOC.”

  3. Planing or Molding Mill operations.  Refer to Code 2731 “Planing or Molding Mill.”

Box Spring or Mattress Mfg.

Note:

Description

Code 2570 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing stuffed mattresses, spring mattresses or box springs.  Fillers such as cotton, kapok liners, hair, felt or silk floss, trimmings, fabrics, muslin, polyurethane, memory or latex foam, coiled springs, burlap, twine, nails and dressed frames are used in production.  Coil springs may be tied together and padded, or muslin pockets may be sewn to each coil spring.  Springs may also be joined and attached to frames.  Fabrics are cut and sewn together on three sides, slipped over box springs or fillers with the fourth side being sewn closed.  Mattresses may be shaped, edges rolled, brushed, labeled, packed and shipped.

Incidental operations may include treatment of filler material such as carding, willowing, picking, garneting and cleaning.

Assembling mattresses and box springs from purchased parts is also subject to this classification.

This classification also applies to manufacturing pillows, quilts or cushions by employers that are also engaged in manufacturing mattresses.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Bed frame made of metal or electrically controlled moveable metal bed frame – including hospital type and metal folding bed.  Refer to Code 3076 “Fireproof Equipment Mfg.”  
    2. Bed frame made of wood includes assembly of parts and cot – folding canvas type – including wood frame.  Refer to Code 2883 “Furniture Mfg. – NOC – Wood.”  Assembly only of purchased parts.  Refer to Code 2881 “Furniture Assembly – Wood – From Manufactured Parts.”  
    3. Cot – folding canvas type – no frame manufacturing.  Refer to Code 2576 “Awning or Tent Mfg. – Shop Only.”
    4. Excelsior.  Refer to Code 2916 “Veneer Products Mfg.” 
    5. Mattress covers, bedspreads, blankets, pillowcases or sheets made from cloth or plastic and inflatable mattress.  Refer to Code 2553 “Furnishing Goods Mfg. – NOC – From Textile Fabrics.”  
    6. Water bed mattress – cutting and splitting rubber.  Refer to Code 4410 “Rubber Goods Mfg. – NOC.” 
    7. Wire mattress springs.  Refer to Code 3257 “Wire Goods Mfg. – NOC”  
    8. Pillows including feather type, quilts, comforters or cushions not manufactured by a box spring or mattress manufacturer.  Refer to Code 2571 “Pillow, Quilt or Cushing Mfg.”  
  2. Sterilizing mattresses and box springs by a service contractor.  Refer to Code 2593 “Carpet, Rug or Upholstery Cleaning – Shop or Outside & Route Salespersons, Drivers.”  

Braid or Fringe Mfg.

Note:

Description

Code 2387 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing braids, fringes, tassels and similar products used by various industries to dress their products.  Cotton and synthetic materials are processed by spooling, doubling, braiding, cutting and knotting.  Weaving and knitting may be performed.

This classification also applies to employers that manufacture chenille stems, also known as pipe cleaners, paper or plastic twist ties and pom-poms.

Assignment By Analogy

• Fishing line – braided or twisted cord     
• Florist wire – cotton or paper covered

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Clothing.  Refer to Code 2501 “Clothing Mfg.”
    2. Fishing line made from nylon.  Refer to Code 2302 “Silk Thread or Yarn Mfg.”  
    3. Furnishing goods from textile fabrics.  Refer to Code 2553 “Furnishing Goods Mfg. – NOC – From Textile Fabrics.”     
    4. Knit goods such as knitted piece goods, gloves, mittens or wearing apparel.  Refer to Code 2362 “Knit Goods Mfg. – NOC.”  
    5. Net or webbing.  Refer to Code 2380 “Net Mfg.” 
    6. Textile trimming – embroidered, novelty and piping.  Refer to Code 2388 “Embroidery Mfg.”

 

Brass or Copper Goods Mfg.

Note:

Description

Code 3315 applies to employers engaged in processing products made from brass or copper sheets.  The operations consist of processing of the brass or copper sheets by stamping, hammering, spinning, riveting and brazing and in some cases, to form products such as those listed below.  Polishing and plating of fabricated products is inclusive under this classification.

This classification also applies to cartridge or shell case manufacturing.  Strips of metal stock are fed through blanking presses to fabricate shell case blanks.  The first operation on the blanks is cupping and then drawings are made with annealing and washing between each draw.  The cupped and drawn cases are then sent to the annealing furnaces.  After drawing, the cases are trimmed, and the heads are formed.  (This is a press operation).  Primer holes are pierced, heads are turned, the nose taper is drawn, and the cases are given a final washing and inspected for length, size wall thickness, chamber fit, etc.  Any scratches are buffed and burred out. 

Assignment By Analogy

Metal spinning and stamping

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Explosives or ammunition manufacturing.  Shell  case loading or cartridge charging or loading.  Refer to Code 4771 “Explosives or Ammunition Mfg. – NOC & Drivers.”

Breakwater or Jetty Construction – All Operations to Completion & Drivers

Note:

Applies to river work only.

Description

Code 6003 applies to employers engaged in the construction of a jetty, breakwaters, sea walls, groynes, dikes, revetments etc.  A jetty involves more construction than a dike or a levee in that it must extend into a body of water.  A jetty is constructed of heave timber cribbing filled with boulders or heavy stone.

The construction of a dike included in this classification involves operations in which an embankment of earth is thrown up along the edge of the river.  Then embankment is very frequently paved with loose stone.  In addition to the stones, the embankment may be anchored by lumber or willow mattresses, which are laid against the surface of the dike and held down by stone or piling.

Assignment By Analogy

• Dock building – no pile driving
• Rip rap stone – placed along shoreline

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Caisson work, cofferdam work or shaft sinking.  Refer to Code 6252 “Shaft Sinking – All Operations to Completion.”

  2. Pile driving.  Refer to Code 6003 “Pile Driving – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

Brewery & Drivers

Note:

Code 2121 and Code 7390 “Beer or Ale Dealer – Wholesale & Drivers” shall not be assigned to the same risk unless the operations described by these classifications are conducted as separate and distinct businesses.

Description

Code 2121 applies to employers engaged in the operation of a brewery where beer or ale beverages are manufactured.  This classification includes all operations that are involved in the making of beer or ale such as bottling, capping, labeling, distributing stations, warehouses, and sign erection or repair for the purpose of advertising the employer’s product.

Beer is a fermented beverage that contains ingredients such as, but not limited to, water, grain, yeast, hops and either wheat, rice, oats, barley, corn or rye depending on the employer’s formula.  These ingredients are brewed together, fermented and aged to produce beer or ale.  The taste and color of beer varies depending upon the type of grains used to make it and the employer’s specific formula.  The beer or ale is filled into bottles, cans or kegs.

Assignment By Analogy

Malt house – includes distributing stations

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Brew pubs or restaurants that brew their own beer for immediate consumption.  Refer to Code 9071 “Restaurant – Full-Service – Including Entertainers and/or Musicians” or Code 9074 “Bar, Dance Club, Lounge, Nightclub or Tavern – Including Entertainers and/or Musicians.”

Brick Mfg. – NOC – Fire or Enameled & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 4024 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing refractory bricks, clay products, earthenware, tile and other refractory products.  This classification includes shale, sand or clay digging for use in the employer’s own fabricated product.

The products may be manufactured from refractory clays with or without refractory materials such as magnesite, silica, bauxite and dolomite.  Refractory materials are grinded, screened, mixed and poured into molds and dried.  Once dried, the bricks or clay products are removed from the mold and baked in kilns.  For enameled brick, the bricks are dipped into enamels that contain chemicals, lead oxide, tin and salt and then baked two or more times to produce the enameled brick. 

This classification includes construction or reconstruction of sheds or kilns; clay, shale or sand digging; the manufacturing of common, face, pressed or repressed building or paving bricks; sand-lime bricks; structural, fireproof, drainage and roofing tiles; wall copings; glazed or unglazed sewer or drain pipes or conduits; or similar products.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Concrete products manufacturing.  Refer to Code 4034 “Concrete Products Mfg. & Drivers.”

  2. Digging sand or gravel for others.  Refer to Code 4000 “Sand or Gravel Digging & Drivers.”                  

  3. Underground mining.  Refer to Code 1170 “Mining – NOC – With Shafts, Tunnels or Drifts & Drivers.”

  4. Quarrying.  Refer to Code 1624 “Quarry – NOC & Drivers.”   

Bridge or Vehicular Tunnel Operation & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 9019 applies to employers engaged in operating bridges, tunnels, roadways, parkways and highways operated by municipalities, townships, counties or the state.  This would include patrol or traffic control at the approaches on the bridges and in the tunnels.  Toll collectors at toll booths of bridges, tunnels, or parkways are assigned to this classification.
 

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Bridge:
    1. Construction – steel.  Refer to Code 5040 “Iron or Steel Erection – Frame Structures – All Operations to Completion.”   
    2. Painting.  Refer to Code 5037 “Painting – Metal Structures – Over Two Stories in Height – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”
    3. Cleaning roadways on bridges.  Refer to Code 9402 “Street Cleaning – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

Brush or Broom Mfg. - NOC

Note:

Includes assembling and sawing, molding or turning of backs and handles.

Description

Code 2835 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing and/or assembling all types of brushes, brooms, mops, paintbrushes and paint rollers.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Brush or broom – wood handles only.  Sawing, molding or turning of backs and handles only, no assembling.  Refer to Code 2841 “Woodenware Mfg. – NOC.”
    2. Metal handles and backs only.  Refer to Code 3315 “Brass or Copper Goods Mfg.” 
  2. Feathers dealer – wholesale – baled only.  Refer to Code 8103 “Wool Merchant & Drivers.”

Buckle or Button Mfg. – Metal

Note:

Applicable to mass produced stamped metal articles using fully automatic punch presses exclusively.

Description

Code 3129 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing stamped metal products such as buttons, buckles, bottle caps or crowns, nameplates, picture hangers, wall brackets, nail heads, washers, gaskets, shims and advertising badges, as well as other components produced on a job basis, including electronic contacts, terminals and jewelry findings.  These products are manufactured from coil or strip metal stock by means of fully automatic type punch presses.

While basic operations of employers assigned to this classification consist of the automatic stamping of the coil or strip metal stock, the subsequent cleaning, deburring and finishing by heat treating, painting and electroplating are also inclusive under this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Metal stamping manufacturing, other than buttons, buckles, bottle caps or crowns, produced by hand-fed type of punch press operations.  Refer to Code 3400 “Metal Stamped Products Mfg. – NOC.”
     

Building – NOC – Maintenance or Ordinary Repair Only – Not Contractors

Note:

Applies only to a building where the employer does not conduct janitorial, custodial or other business operations at the same location.

Includes maintenance and ordinary repairs of recreational vehicle campgrounds or trailer or mobile park grounds.

Description

Code 9029 applies to employers engaged in performing maintenance operations and/or ordinary repair of buildings owned by banks or trust companies in their fiduciary capacity.  For this classification to be applied, the employer cannot perform any janitorial services such as sweeping, mopping or taking out the trash.  This classification is intended to cover maintenance or repair employees such as window cleaners, painters, carpenters, electricians, plumbers and steam fitters.  Operations involve maintaining the building whether cleaning the windows, fixing leaks, changing bulbs, performing carpentry or painting when necessary. 

This classification also includes the operation of mobile and/or trailer home parks, recreation vehicle campgrounds or parks.  Maintenance and repair operations as indicated above are conducted in order to maintain and repair the facilities.

This classification is also applicable to ordinary maintenance and repair of a building operated on behalf of the owner by a real estate agent, when performed by regular employees of the real estate agent.

Assignment By Analogy

• Handymen employed by real estate development companies to do minor repair work on buyers’ homes
• Vessels – pier maintenance

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Operations:
    1. Commercial building with no dwelling occupancy except by owner of custodian.  Refer to Code 9026 “Building Operation – Commercial – No Dwelling Occupancy Except by Owner or Custodian.”
    2. Residential building not more than twelve tenants including a janitor and not more than one story used for commercial purposes.  Refer to Code 9027 “Building Operation – Dwelling or Combined Dwelling and Commercial Occupancy Not More than One Story Used for Commercial Purposes.”
    3. Residential building or combined dwelling and commercial occupancy building.  Refer to Code 9028 “Building Operation – NOC – Dwelling or Combined Dwelling and Commercial Occupancy.”

 

Building Material Dealer – No Second-Hand Material & Local Managers, Drivers

Note:

Applicable only to risks dealing in two or more of the groups of materials listed below; however, it shall not be applicable to a risk if its sale of any one of such group of materials exceeds 80% of its total sales:

• Coal, fuel oil, wood or ice
• Building materials including lumber
• Hay, grain, feed or seed
• Agricultural implements or farm machinery

Includes preserving operations.  Code 8232 and 2702 “Logging or Lumbering & Drivers” shall not be assigned to the same risk unless the operations described by these classifications are conducted as separate and distinct businesses.

Description

Code 8232 applies to employers engaged in selling lumber and/or building materials on a wholesale or retail basis.  Building materials may include, but are not limited to, roofing, siding, shingles, wallboard, paint, brick, tile, cement, ready-mix concrete, sand or gravel.  Lumber products may include, but are not limited to, rough and dressed:  lumber, flooring, molding, doors, sashes, frames or other types of millwork.

Assignment By Analogy

• Concrete Redi-mix in transit
• Wood preserving operations

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing operations.  Assign the appropriate manufacturing classification.

  2. Erection or construction operations.  Assign the appropriate contracting classification.

  3. Retail store operations physically separated and staffed on the premises of a building material dealer.  Assign the appropriate retail store classification.

  4. Second hand materials.  Refer to Code 8263 “Junk Dealer & Drivers.”

Building Operation – Commercial – No Dwelling Occupancy Except by Owner or Custodian

Note:

Separately rate window cleaning, maintenance or repairs at any location where the employer does not also perform janitorial services.  Not applicable to the operation of any building of which the employer occupies the entire or major portion for manufacturing or mercantile purposes.

Description

Code 9026 applies to employers engaged operating a commercial building where there is no dwelling occupancy except for the owner or custodian.  Also, the entire or major portion (depending on the size of the building, usually more than one-half) of the building cannot be occupied by the employer to conduct manufacturing or mercantile operations.

Operations involve maintaining the building as well as performing janitorial services. Maintenance of the building will involve window cleaning, plumbing, changing light bulbs and performing any necessary repairs.  However, in addition to maintaining the building, the employer must perform janitorial services.  Janitorial services are defined as your ordinary up keep of a building such as sweeping, mopping, taking out the trash, mowing the lawn, snow removal and other janitorial services.

Assignment By Analogy

• Flea markets that rent indoor space to vendors
• Self-service storage facilities – customers who handle own merchandise

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Operations:
    1. Commercial building where window cleaning and maintenance is being performed and no janitorial services are being provided.  Refer to Code 9029 “Building – NOC – Maintenance or Ordinary Repair Only – Not Contractors.”
    2. Residential building not more than twelve tenants including a janitor and not more than one story used for commercial purposes.  Refer to Code 9027 “Building Operation – Dwelling or Combined Dwelling and Commercial Occupancy Not More than One Story Used for Commercial Purposes.”
    3. Residential building or combined dwelling and commercial occupancy building.  Refer to Code 9028 “Building Operation – NOC – Dwelling or Combined Dwelling and Commercial Occupancy.”

Building Operation – Dwelling or Combined Dwelling and Commercial Occupancy Not More than One Story Used for Commercial Purposes

Note:

Shall not apply to a building of which the employer occupies the major portion for manufacturing or mercantile purposes nor to a location where more than the equivalent of one full-time employee performs building operation work.

Description

Code 9027 applies to employers that are engaged in operating a building that has dwelling or combined dwelling and commercial occupancy provided that only one story is used for commercial occupancy.  Applies where each separate location provides dwelling occupancies for not more than twelve tenants including a janitor, if any.  “Location” is defined as one or more buildings located on a single property occupied by the employer not intercepted by a public way or property owned by others.  The operations involve maintaining the building as well as performing janitorial services.  Maintenance of the building will involve window cleaning, plumbing, changing light bulbs and performing any necessary repairs.  However, in addition to maintaining the building, the employer must also perform janitorial services.  Janitorial services are defined as your ordinary up keep of a building such as sweeping, mopping, taking out the trash, mowing the lawn, snow removal and other janitorial services.

Assignment By Analogy

• Apartment or boarding house operations – limited to 12 tenants including super’s apartment
• Rooming house – without room service

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Operation:
    1. Commercial building where window cleaning and maintenance is being performed and no janitorial services are being provided.  Refer to Code 9029 “Building – NOC – Maintenance or Ordinary Repair Only – Not Contractors.”
    2. Residential building or combined dwelling and commercial occupancy building.  Refer to Code 9028 “Building Operation – NOC – Dwelling or Combined Dwelling and Commercial Occupancy.”
    3. Commercial building with no dwelling occupancy except by owner or custodian.  Refer to Code 9026 “Building Operation – Commercial – No Dwelling Occupancy Except by Owner or Custodian.”

Building Operation – NOC – Dwelling or Combined Dwelling & Commercial Occupancy

Note:

Shall not apply to a location at which the basic and major operations of the employer are described by some other classification.  Window cleaning, maintenance or repairs at any location where the employer does not also perform janitorial services are to be separately rated.  Shall not apply to a building of which the employer occupies the major portion for manufacturing or mercantile purposes.

Description

Code 9028 applies to employers engaged in operating a building where there is dwelling, or dwelling combined with commercial occupancy.  The entire or major portion (depending on the size of the building, usually more than one-half) of the building cannot be occupied by the employer to conduct manufacturing or mercantile operations.  The operations involve maintaining the building as well as performing janitorial services.  Maintenance of the building will involve window cleaning, plumbing, changing light bulbs and performing any necessary repairs.  However, in addition to maintaining the building, the employer must also perform janitorial services.  Janitorial services are defined as your ordinary up keep of a building such as sweeping, mopping, taking out the trash, mowing the lawn, snow removal and other janitorial services.

Assignment By Analogy

• Apartment or boarding house operations commercial and residential buildings – over 12 tenants
• Rooming houses – without room service

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Operations:
    1. Commercial building where window cleaning and maintenance is being performed and no janitorial services are being provided.  Refer to Code 9029 “Building – NOC – Maintenance or Ordinary Repair Only – Not Contractors.”
    2. Residential building not more than twelve tenants including a janitor and not more than one story used for commercial purposes.  Refer to Code 9027 “Building Operation – Dwelling or Combined Dwelling and Commercial Occupancy Not More than One Story Used for Commercial Purposes.”
    3. Commercial building with no dwelling occupancy except by owner or custodian.  Refer to Code 9026 “Building Operation – Commercial – No Dwelling Occupancy Except by Owner or Custodian.”

Building Raising or Moving – All Employees – All Operations to Completion & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 5703 applies to employers engaged in building raising or moving, including incidental shoring, removal or rebuilding of walls, foundations, columns or piers.  This classification also applies to shoring and underpinning operations.  Operations such as excavation, masonry, carpentry, etc., are inclusive under this classification when performed by underpinning contractors and work involving building raising or moving.

When building raising or moving is done, openings (trenches) are dug at various intervals around a  building or structure.  Hydraulic jacks are used to raise a building or structure several feet above the foundation.  Steel beams are placed around the structure for support during the moving operation.  To move the actual structure, dollies are set in place and the structure is lowered onto the dollies with precise maneuvering.  The structure is then transported to another location by means of trailers, set in place on the foundation and is secured as necessary.  Contractors engaged in this operation may also engage in incidental shoring, rebuilding walls, installing piers or columns etc. This work is inclusive under this classification when performed in conjunction with building moving or raising.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Caisson or cofferdam work or shaft sinking.  Refer to Code 6252 “Shaft Sinking – All Operations to Completion.”

Building Service Contractor

Note:

Applies to general cleaning of interior of buildings including washing walls, waxing, polishing or refinishing floors and window cleaning.

Description

Code 9030 applies to employers engaged in cleaning office buildings, window cleaning, floor scraping and finishing and other similar services.  The employer will clean the interior of office buildings which involves sweeping, mopping, dusting, emptying waste baskets, and cleaning windows including the exterior.  Materials such as cleaning fluids, dust cloths, mops, brooms, floor scrapers, floor polishers, wax, detergents, squeegees, buckets and water are used.  The employer’s employees are sent to locations of others to perform these services.

Assignment By Analogy

• Floor buffing, polishing, scraping or finishing
• Water testing and treating

Operations To Be Separately Rated

Bus Company – All Other Employees & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 8394 applies to employers engaged in operating bus and ambulance companies.  Drivers are assigned to certain routes designated by the employer that involve picking up individuals and transporting them to specific destinations.  School bus drivers normally have an assigned route which involves picking up individuals at their residence or at a designated bus stop and transporting them to the schools.  Bus matrons accompany bus drivers on buses to ensure that when entering and leaving the bus, individuals are properly seated as well as to assist those who are physically challenged.

Assignment By Analogy

• Airline terminals not at airports – dispatchers, porters and cleaners
• Casinos or hotels transporting patrons
• Chauffeurs other than limousines driving buses, station wagons and private passenger automobiles used for the transportation of persons, for an employer assigned to a classification which does not include drivers, chauffeurs and their helpers

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Bus:
    1. Drivers that are employed by schools.  Refer to Code 9101 “School or College – All Other Employees & Drivers.”
    2. Matrons that are employed by schools.  Refer to Code 8868 “School or College – Professional Employees & Clerical.”
  2. Garage employees of bus and ambulance companies.  Refer to Code 8385 “Bus Company – Garage Employees.”

Bus Company – Garage Employees

Note:

Code 8385 is used in conjunction with another classification such as Code 8394 “Bus Company – All Other Employees & Drivers,” Code 7377 “Limousine or Livery Service – Private – All Other Employees & Drivers,” and Code 7368 “Taxicab or Livery Service – Public – All Other Employees & Drivers” and not used as a stand-alone classification.

Description

Code 8385 applies to garage employees of employers that operate bus companies, ambulance service companies, limousine or livery companies, taxicab companies, and school bus companies.  These garage employees perform all mechanical repairs on their employers’ vehicles; service such vehicles with gas, oil and water; check and change oil, tires or batteries when necessary; wash and clean the vehicles as well as any other duties required to keep the vehicles and garage equipment in proper working order.

This classification additionally applies to maintenance employees of a railroad operation that relate to the maintenance of bus lines.

 

Assignment By Analogy

• Automobile rental with drivers – garage employees only
• Sightseeing tours – bus – garage employees

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Ambulance company – not volunteer or bus company – all other employees and drivers.  Bus company – all other employees and drivers. Refer to Code 8394 “Bus Company – All Other Employees & Drivers.”

  2. Limousine or livery service – private – all other employees and drivers.  Funeral drivers employed by private livery company that drive flower cars, hearses or limousines.  Refer to Code 7377 “Limousine or Livery Service – Private – All Other Employees & Drivers.”

  3. Taxicab or livery service – public – all other employees and drivers.  Refer to Code 7368 “Taxicab or Livery Service – Public – All Other Employees & Drivers.”

Butchering

Note:

Code 2081 and Code 2089 “Packing House – All Operations” shall not be assigned to the same risk unless the operations described by these classifications are conducted as separate and distinct businesses.

Description

Code 2081 applies to employers engaged in butchering or slaughtering livestock.  The livestock is received from customers and held in pens prior to being sent to the slaughtering room.  The livestock are then slaughtered in the slaughtering rooms.  After slaughtering, the carcasses are skinned, cut into halves or quarters.  Meat may also be boned and ground.  Some employers may also shape ground meat into patties.  This classification includes the handling of livestock, preparation of dressed meat, rendering and washing of casings, salting of hides and cooking of offal.  Employers subject to this classification do not engage in the treatment of viscera or by-products after removal from the carcasses. 

The following clarifies the distinctions between Code 2081 and Code 2089 “Packing House – All Operations” for classification purposes.  Although both classifications contemplate butchering or slaughtering and the handling of livestock, the packing house classification, Code 2089, is applied to those employers whose operations involve meat processing beyond the point of cutting, boning and dressing for distribution to customers such as wholesalers, retailers, restaurants and hotels.  In order to qualify for Code 2089, the risk’s principal operations must be that of processing meat.  Processing meat includes but is not limited to processes such as smoking or curing hams, bacon manufacturing, pickling or otherwise preserving beef or pork cuts and, in many cases, the packaging of meat products in the form that they will be subsequently sold to the consumer.  Employers that do not process meat as described above but only engage in sausage manufacturing and butchering operations that involve cutting of steaks, chops, roasts and incidental grinding of meat are assigned to this classification.
    

Assignment By Analogy

Stockyards - including butchering

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Poultry raising farms – no slaughtering.  Refer to Code 0034 “Poultry Farm & Drivers.”

  2. Poultry raising farms who slaughter, eviscerate and pack poultry to be sold fresh or frozen, or the slaughtering of livestock, with further processing of meats and distribution as performed by a packing house.  Refer to Code 2089 “Packing House – All Operations.”

  3. Purchasing dressed poultry, cook, debone and put into cans or jars.  Refer to Code 6504 “Food Sundries Mfg. – NOC – No Cereal Milling.”

  4. Slaughtering poultry by wholesale or retail dealer.  Refer to Code 8021 “Fish, Poultry or Meat Dealer –Wholesale,” or Code 8031 “Fish, Poultry or Meat Store – Retail.”

Cabinet Works – NOC – With Power Machinery

Note:

Description

Code 2817 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing wood products in which woodworking, assembling or finishing operations are performed with power-driven machinery.  Many of these products are made to the customers’ specifications and require installation operations.

Assignment By Analogy

• Architectural wood window or door manufacturing
• Cigar box manufacturing – wood
• Picture frame manufacturing – wood
• Toy manufacturing – wood   

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Furniture assembly – wood – from manufactured parts.  Picture frame manufacturing – wood.  No power machinery used.  Refer to Code 2881 “Furniture Assembly – Wood – From Manufactured Parts.”  

  2. Furniture manufacturing – wood.  Refer to Code 2883 “Furniture Mfg. – NOC – Wood.”      

  3. Installation.  Assign the appropriate installation classification.

  4. Upholstering.   Refer to Code 9522 “Upholstering.”

Cabinet Works Installation – All Operations to Completion

Note:

Not available for division of payroll with Code 5403 “Carpentry – NOC – All Operations to Completion,” Code 5645 “Carpentry – Detached One or Two-Family Dwellings – All Operations to Completion,” or Code 5651 “Carpentry – Dwellings – Three Stories or Less – All Operations to Completion” at the same job or location.

Description

Code 5429 applies to employers engaged in installing wood or metal cabinets, parquet or wooden flooring, shelving and wood or metal partitions.  Measurements are taken at the customer’s premises, and plans or blueprints may be drawn up. Old cabinets may be removed by the installers.  Parquet or strip wood floors are installed using hand tools.  Hardwood flooring is installed by laying out hardwood boards, cutting them to length and then placing them on the floor.

This classification includes the installation of architectural wood window and doors.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Cabinet manufacturing with power machinery.  Refer to Code 2817 “Cabinet Works – NOC – With Power Machinery.”

  2. Installation of refrigeration equipment, service or repair.  Refer to Code 3724 “Machinery or Equipment Erection or Installation – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers” and Code 3737 “Machinery or Equipment Repair or Servicing at Customers’ Premises – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  3. Refinishing floors – sanding and varnishing.  Refer to Code 9030 “Building Service Contractor.”

Cable Installation – All Operations to Completion & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 7536 applies to employers engaged in installing cable in conduits or subways.  The installation of cable in conduits involves pulling the cable through the conduit.  Several factors are taken into consideration before the cable is pulled through the conduit such as the size of the conduit, size and weight of the cable, tension requirements and jamming possibilities. Calculations may need to be done in order to determine if the pull will be successful or not prior to installing the cable in the conduit.  Lubricants that are specifically used for pulling cable through the conduits, are used to lubricate the cable at the time it is being pulled and also the conduit in some cases to assist with achieving a successful pull.  This classification also applies to employers engaged in the installation of cable in subways.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Cable installation:
    1. Conduit construction – by specialist contractor.  Refer to Code 6325 “Conduit Construction – For Cables or Wires – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”
    2. Underground – manually.  Cable installation – street line.  Refer to Code 7601 “Telephone, Telegraph or Fire Alarm Line Construction – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”
    3. Or repair – communication type – used by telegraph or telephone industry.  Cable installation residential – service connections only.  Refer to Code 7600 “Telephone or Telegraph Co. – All Other Employees & Drivers.”

Cable Mfg. – Insulated Electrical

Note:

Includes incidental wire stranding.

Description

Code 4470 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing insulated electrical wire and/or the insulating or covering of wire.  Raw materials such as drawn wire (copper and aluminum) and insulating material such as rubber, plastic, cotton thread, paper, vinyl, lacquer and enamel are purchased from outside suppliers.  Various gauges and types of wire can be insulated using various types of insulating materials.  The most common types of wire that are insulated are copper and aluminum.  The wire is insulated using extruding machines.  

This classification also includes employers engaged in covering wire with plastic or rubber insulation coverings.  The insulated electrical wire is inspected to assure quality. It is then wound on spools to be sold to the employer’s customers.

Assignment By Analogy

Electrical BX insulated cable manufacturing

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Wire drawing.  Refer to Code 1924 “Wire Drawing or Cable Mfg. – Not Iron or Steel” or Code 3241 “Wire Drawing – Iron or Steel.”      

Camp Operation – Recreational or Educational – All Employees & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 9048 applies to employers engaged in operations of a camp for either children or adults.  Camp operations are most commonly conducted during the summer.  This classification includes camps that offer overnight accommodations. Members pay a fee to the employer to join the camp.

Activities such as swimming, horseback riding, fishing, hiking, tennis, karate, volleyball, basketball and softball are available to the members of the camp.  Counselors, employed by the insured, conduct the above activities.  Lifeguards assure the safety of the members when they are swimming in a pool or lake located on the campground.

Food for the campers is prepared by the kitchen staff or may be purchased from outside caterers.  If the camp offers overnight accommodations, a housekeeping staff is employed to maintain the rooms of the campers as well as change linens.  Maintenance employees maintain the campgrounds, and/or the equipment used by the members.

Summer camps that do not provide overnight accommodations offer the same activities that will be conducted at the campsite or at locations away from the campsite such as taking members to the beach, a public pool, or a horse-riding academy and on field trips.

Assignment By Analogy

• Boy or Girl Scout councils
• Community centers – camp operations away from centers – summer camps
• Day or resident camps

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Community and senior citizen centers – including arts, crafts, language instruction, gym and physical activities.  Refer to Code 9063 “YMCA, YWCA, YMHA or YWHA, Institution – All Employees & Clerical.”

Can Mfg.

Note:

Description

Code 3220 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing various types of metal cans made from aluminum sheet metal and tin plate.  Manufacturing cans is ordinarily an automated process.

The cans are manufactured using the following steps:  Large coils of metal are received from others.  The metal coils are cut into sheets based on the anticipated size of the cans to be manufactured.  The sheets are sprayed with a coating to protect what is to become the can’s interior. The sheets are printed with information as required.  The sheets are then slit and placed into a body former which forms the metal into a cylinder (can).  The cylinder is then sealed at the side by cement, solder or a welding process.  The cans are washed and inspected for any leaks or imperfections.  The appropriate size lids and bottoms are packaged along with the cans for shipment to the employer’s customers.

Assignment By Analogy

Ferrule manufacturing

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Cannery business – canning of a variety of products such as fruits, vegetables, sauerkraut, fish and moist pet foods.  Includes cooking.  Refer to Code 2111 “Cannery – NOC.”

Note:

Shall not be assigned to an employer engaged in operations described by another  classification unless the operations subject to Code 4710 are conducted as a separate and distinct business. 

Description

Code 4710 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing candles, and other wax products such as wax chalk and sealing wax. Beeswax, paraffin, stearin, wicks and aniline colors are received from others. The wax is heated in steam-jacketed vessels or gas heated kettles into which wicks are dipped by use of dipping equipment which can be activated manually or automatically. When the candles attain the desired size and shape and have cooled, they are taken from the dipping cycle. After cutting the wicks, the candles are put into self-fitting end molds to shape the base. Color is then laminated into the candles by dipping operation. After cooling they are inspected, wrapped and packaged. Candles may also be manufactured in molds or hand decorated.

This classification also applies to employers engaged in manufacturing crayons. For the manufacturing of crayons, wax and pigments are mixed inside of heated vessels. The mixture is then poured or pumped into molds that are shaped in the form of crayons. After the cooling period is completed, labels are attached to the crayons. The crayons are then inspected, boxed and packed for shipment.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Furniture or floor wax.  Refer to Code 4597 “Paste, Ink (Writing) or Mucilage Mfg.” 
    2. Pencil stock, wooden pencils or penholders. Refer to Code 2841 “Woodenware Mfg. – NOC.”
    3. Wax from fats, oils or other raw materials.  Refer to Code 4665 “Rendering Works – NOC & Drivers.”
    4. Waxed paper – no coating with wax.  Refer to Code 4279 “Paper Goods Mfg. – NOC.”
  2. Waxed paper – coating with wax – no paper manufacturing.  Refer to Code 4250 “Paper Coating.”

 

Candy, Chocolate or Cocoa Mfg.

Note:

Description

Code 2041 applies to employers engaged in, but not limited to, manufacturing candy bars, chocolate bars, chewing gum, glaceed fruit, jellybeans, lollipops, licorice, breath mints, taffy, and other confections.  Includes manufacturing from cocoa beans.  The processes of manufacturing products included under this classification may be automated or manually performed.

The processing of cocoa beans includes cleaning and roasting of the cocoa beans.   Once the roasted beans are cooled, they crack open and the nibs (inner portions) are separated from the shells.  Some manufacturers will pack the shells and sell them as a by-product.  The nibs are blended and milled which converts them into a coarse liquor.  This chocolate liquor is pumped through a hydraulic press which extracts the fat, (cocoa butter) leaving a caked residue.  The cakes are broken down, pulverized to a fine powder, and the powder is sifted, cooled and packed.

The chocolate manufacturing process begins the same as the cocoa manufacturing process up to the point where the nibs are converted into a coarse liquor.  At this point, the cocoa liquor is combined with powdered sugar or artificial sweeteners, milk or milk powder, cocoa butter and flavorings.  All ingredients are mixed forming a paste.  The paste is refined and tempered until it reaches the desired liquid consistency.  This chocolate liquid is then pumped into forms or molds and cooled, forming ten-pound cakes.  The cakes are removed from the molds, wrapped and packed.  These are usually sold to confectionery manufacturers or bakeries for use in their own operations.

Also included under this classification are employers that are engaged in manufacturing candy and confections whether from chocolate or sugar, artificial sweeteners, corn syrup, extracts, flavorings, fruits, nuts, gelatin or other ingredients. 

Manufacturing chewing gum, gum balls, gum with liquid centers, different shapes and sizes of gum are also included under this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

• Cake decorations – edible  
• Marzipan  
• Popcorn

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing of cake mix  and chocolate syrup.  Refer to Code 6504 “Food Sundries Mfg. – NOC – No Cereal Milling.”

  2. Shelling and roasting nuts.  Refer to Code 6504 “Food Sundries Mfg. – NOC – No Cereal Milling.”

Cannery – NOC

Note:

Code 2111 and Code 2114 “Oyster Processing” shall not be assigned to the same risk unless the operations described by these classifications are conducted as separate and distinct businesses.

Description

Code 2111 applies to employers engaged in canning a variety of products, primarily fresh vegetables and fruit.  The preliminary operations involve the cleaning and otherwise preparation of the produce for canning by washing, grading, and blanching.  Some produce require peeling, slicing or coring.  Some require preheating or softening but, for the most part, the cooking takes place after the cans are sealed, usually by machine.  Cans are then placed in retorts until properly heated or cooked.  They are then washed, cooled, labeled, stored, or shipped.  The canning of dog and/or cat food (wet process) is covered by this classification as well as the freezing of vegetables where the preparatory operations are the same as canning except vegetables are packaged and frozen rather than canned.  The packaging of aerosol products, compounds into plastic containers and the canning of motor oil and turpentine by contractors also fall within the scope of this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

• Baked beans– including cooking 
• Seafood

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Baked beans.  Refer to Code 6504 “Food Sundries Mfg. – NOC – No Cereal Milling.”
    2. Can – not in conjunction with canning operations subject to Code 2111.  Refer to Code 3220 “Can Mfg.”
    3. Fruit juices.  Refer to Code 2143 “Fruit Juice Mfg. – All Operations.”
  2. Dehydrating.  Fruit processing.  Vegetables including bottling and canning of catsup and tomato paste.  Refer to Code 2112 “Fruit Evaporating or Preserving.”  

  3. Cooking, packing, freezing or canning of macaroni or vegetables.  Refer to Code 6504 “Food Sundries Mfg. – NOC – No Cereal Milling.”   

  4. Fruit or vegetable dealer – receives, sorts, cleans and freezes without processing such as performed by an employer engaged in operating a cannery and fruit evaporating or preserving operations.   Refer to Code 8048 “Fruit or Vegetable Store – Wholesale.” 

  5. Oyester Processing including sorting, shucking, washing or packing and cannery operations when performed in connection with oyster processing.  Shore or dock work only.  Refer to Code 2114 "Oyster Processing."

  6.   Saukerkraut preparation and shipping in buld.  Refer to Code 2101 "Fish Curing."

Car Mfg. – Railroad & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 3881 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing, repairing, rebuilding or dismantling railroad cars.  The railroad cars manufactured may be passenger type cars, steel tank cars or gondola cars.

Operations contemplated by this classification include the manufacturing of steel frames for the car bodies which may involve work such as shearing, punching, pressing, forming and fabricating under-frames or chassis and steel plate work such as cutting, fitting, bolting, riveting or welding, and machining parts such as turning axels, boring wheels, drilling and assembly of car fittings, etc. 
 
The operations will differ somewhat between manufacturing railcars and renovating them.  When an employer receives a railcar to be refurbished, they will jack up the car on stands to be worked upon.  In some cases, it is not necessary for the employer to work under the railcar.  The employer will then proceed to dismantle the cars by removing old seats, fixtures, doors, windows, controls, heating and cooling units, handrails, furniture, etc.  After the employer has removed the required fixtures and furnishings, the employer will then install new electrical, plumbing, heating and cooling systems.  The employer will add the necessary lighting fixtures, plumbing fixtures and control panels with the systems being wired and pipe connections made.

The interior of the railcar is finished by adding seats, handrails, windows, doors, weather-stripping and moldings.  For sleeper cars, pre-made fiberglass sections are inserted into the body of the railcar, slid in place and secured.  For dining cars, the employer will add the required tables, chairs and bars.  The employer will then secure the refurbished truck and wheel assemblies to the underside of the railcar and if required, electric traction motors are added.  The railcar is then taken to the paint area in which the railcar is spray painted, dried and decals added.  The finished railcar is taken to a test building in which the railcar is sprayed with water to test for leaks.  The completed railcar is inspected, loaded onto common carrier trucks for return to the customer or are taken by rail back to the customer.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Railroad operation.  Freight terminals operated by railroad employees.  Refer to Code 7133 “Railroad – All Employees & Drivers.”

  2. Manufacturing:
    1. Railroad signals lights.  Refer to Code 3179 “Electrical Apparatus Mfg. – NOC.”
    2. Railroad signals poles or stanchions.  Refer to Code 3040 “Iron or Steel Fabrication – Iron or Steel Works – Shop – Ornamental & Drivers.”

Carnival, Circus or Amusement Device Operator – Traveling – All Employees & Drivers

Note:

The entire remuneration of all employees shall be included in computing premium, subject however, to the maximum average weekly wage per employee.  Refer to the “Miscellaneous Values” of Part Three – Loss Costs of this Manual for current weekly maximum amounts.

Description

Code 9186 applies to employers operating traveling amusements such as, but not limited to, traveling carnivals, traveling circuses, traveling rodeos, traveling animal shows, traveling automobile stunt shows (including drivers and mechanics), and traveling amusement device operators.  This classification also includes all employees such as, but not limited to, ticket sellers and employees who dismantle, transport, re-erect, operate, and maintain equipment required for a traveling amusement to conduct business. 

Assignment By Analogy

Trainers of circus animals

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Amusement:
    1. Park operation.  Refer to Code 9016 “Amusement Park or Exhibition Operation & Drivers.”
    2. Device operators at a permanent location.  Refer to Code 9180 “Amusement Device Operation – NOC – Not Traveling & Drivers.”

Carpentry - Shop Only & Drivers

Note:

Separately rate commercial lumber yards, building materials dealers or fuel and material dealers.

This classification is not available for division of payroll with Code 2731 “Planing or Molding Mill” or Code 2737 “Door, Sash or Assembled Millwork Mfg. & Drivers.”

Description

Code 2802 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing prefabricated wood products used in the construction of buildings, such as trusses, rafters and other prefabricated building sections.  These products are often manufactured on a custom or job basis to fit the specifications of particular buildings being designed as an integral and inseparable part of a building that cannot be removed without essentially damaging the structure.  Shops of this type are frequently operated by building contractors as an incidental part of their construction work.

This classification also applies to manufacturing other wood products, including portable buildings, (such as shanties, sheds, toilets, and field offices) tanks, silos, pallets, skids, reels, theatrical scenery, flag poles, masts spars, fencing, sawhorses, sauna rooms, newspaper display stands, stairs, construction tool bins, scaffolding and similar products.  All of the products assigned to this classification require little or no finishing.

Includes in-shop repair of products contemplated by this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

• Dolly manufacturing
• Refrigeration equipment manufacturing – commercial – walk-in cold rooms – prefabricated

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. When an employer deals in any lumber or building materials, in addition to performing carpentry shop operations, all yard operations including all drivers are separately rated under the appropriate yard classification.

  2. Manufacturing:
    1. Architectural wood windows or doors.  Refer to Code 2817 “Cabinet Works – NOC – With Power Machinery.” 
    2. Barrel parts.  Refer to Code 2710 “Saw Mill.” Subsequent barrel assembly operations.  Refer to Code 2759 “Box or Box Shook Mfg.”
    3. Crates, boxes or box parts.  Refer to Code 2759 “Box or Box Shook Mfg.”
    4.  Furniture stock – wood.  Refer to Code 2883 “Furniture Mfg. – NOC – Wood.”
    5.  Kitchen and display cabinets – assembled or architectural woodwork manufacturing.  Refer to Code 2817 Cabinet Works – NOC – With Power Machinery.” 
    6. Planed or dressed lumber, including unassembled millwork.  Refer to Code 2731 “Planing or Molding Mill.”
    7.  Veneer.  Refer to Code 2714 “Veneer Mfg.” 
    8.  Veneer products.  Refer to Code 2916 “Veneer Products Mfg.”
    9.  Window frames, sash, doors or other assembled millwork – wood.  Refer to Code 2737 “Door, Sash, or Assembled Millwork Mfg. & Drivers.”
    10. Wood turned products including brush, broom or tool handles and spools.  Pencil stock manufacturing, ladders or stepladders manufacturing – wood.  Refer to Code 2841 “Woodenware Mfg. – NOC.”    

Carpentry – Detached One or Two-Family Dwellings – All Operations to Completion

Note:

Includes garages constructed in connection with the dwellings.

Description

Code 5645 applies to employers engaged in all carpentry work in connection with the construction of detached one or two-family dwellings.  This includes the construction of patios, trusses, framing, siding, installation of interior trim, doors, door frames, sashes, wallboard installation, windows, stairs, finished flooring, cabinet installation, fencing, gates, decking, carports and roofing.

General carpentry repairs or remodeling, other than roofing, in connection with the buildings is also assigned to this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Carpentry work – construction in buildings three stories or less.  Refer to Code 5651 “Carpentry – Dwellings – Three Stories or Less – All Operations to Completion.”

  2. Carpentry work.  Refer to Code 5403 “Carpentry – NOC – All Operations to Completion.”

Carpentry – Dwellings – Three Stories or Less – All Operations to Completion

Note:

Applicable only to buildings designed primarily for multiple dwelling occupancy and includes garages constructed in connection therewith.

Description

Code 5651 applies to employers engaged in carpentry work in connection with the construction of dwellings that are three stories or less when performed by employees of the same carpentry contractor responsible for the entire construction project.  This includes the construction of patios, trusses, framing, siding, installation of interior trim, doors, door frames, sashes, wallboard installation, windows, stairs, finished flooring, cabinet installation, fencing, gates, decking, carports and roofing.

General carpentry repairs or remodeling, other than roofing, in connection with the buildings is also assigned to this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Carpentry work:
    1. Construction on one- or two-family dwellings.  Refer to Code 5645 “Carpentry – Detached One or Two-Family Dwellings – All Operations to Completion.”
    2. General carpentry or work on dwellings more than three stories.  Refer to Code 5403 “Carpentry – NOC – All Operations to Completion.”
  2. Siding installation – not done by contractor engaged in carpentry operations.  Refer to Code 5648 “Aluminum, Plastic or Vinyl Siding Installation – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”                                

Carpentry – NOC – All Operations to Completion

Note:

Description

Code 5403 applies to employers engaged in general carpentry work not otherwise classified in the Manual.  Operations assigned to this classification include, but are not limited to, the construction of wooden bridges and decks, the setup of wood silos, tanks, gazebos, pergolas, and trellises, and carpentry repair work involving termite control.

Carpentry repair and/or remodeling of commercial buildings and structures and dwellings that exceed three stories in height are also assigned to this classification.  To qualify for this classification, carpentry repair or remodeling operations of an interior or exterior nature must take place along with some framing or structural carpentry renovation of the premises that would ordinarily be assigned to this classification.  When these conditions occur, the employer is performing operations that are analogous to the construction of dwellings and/or commercial structures, and this classification is assigned to all carpentry operations in connection with the repair or renovation project.  Singular repair operations are assigned to the appropriate classifications representing their specific trades.  However, when activities of this nature take place in connection with operations that involve some framing or structural renovation of the dwelling or commercial structure, this classification must be assigned to these specialty operations.

Includes all carpentry work when performed by employees of the same carpentry contractor or general contractor responsible for the entire dwelling construction project.

Assignment By Analogy

• Military reservation – carpentry
• The erection or dismantling of wood oil rigs and derricks
• Wooden gate or fence installation
• Wooden pole erection

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Buildings:
    1. Three stories or less.  Refer to Code 5651 “Carpentry – Dwellings – Three Stories or Less – All Operations to Completion.”
    2. One or two-family detached.  Refer to Code 5645 “Carpentry – Detached One or Two-Family Dwellings – All Operations to Completion.”

Carpet or Rug Mfg. - NOC

Note:

Description

Code 2402 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing carpets and rugs made from synthetic material such as cotton, wool, nylon or polyester.  Pile yarn is sewn or woven together by machine.  Tufts are left in loop form or cut at the top with electric cutting devices, if cut pile carpeting is desired.  Tufts are then firmly attached to the backing by means of a rubberized latex compound.  In applying the latex to the backing, the carpet is passed on rollers over a vat of latex applying liquid as it rolls, then the carpet passes through a dryer to dry the latex.  Tufting machines, infrared dryers, electric cutting knives, looms and sewing machines may be used in these processes.    

This classification includes the operation of manufacturing nylon carpet pads made exclusively from fibers. 

Assignment By Analogy

• Artificial woven grass     
• Automobile carpet    
• Carpet and rug fabrics or fibers – other than hemp or jute – including repair in shop by specialty firms    
• Stairs treads – carpet type   
• Tapestries – including repair in shop

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1.  Manufacturing:
    1. Carpet or rug portable cleaning equipment – commercial or residential type.   Refer to Code 3179 “Electrical Apparatus Mfg. – NOC.”  
    2. Carpet or rugs manufactured from jute or hemp.  Includes repair in shop.  Refer to Code 2302 “Silk Thread or Yarn Mfg.”
    3. Carpet pad – felt.  Refer to Code 2288 “Felt Mfg.”
    4. Carpet pad – foam rubber.  Refer to Code 4410 “Rubber Goods Mfg. – NOC.”
  2.  Installation:
    1. Artificial woven grass at customer’s location.  Refer to Code 0042 “Landscape Gardening – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”
    2. Carpet or rug at customer’s location.  Refer to Code 9521 “House Furnishings Installation –NOC & Upholstering – All Operations to Completion.”     
  3. Carpet or rug binding, cutting and sewing by a dealer.  Dyeing carpet or rugs by hand and retouching.  Refer to Code 2553 “Furnishing Goods Mfg. – NOC – From Textile Fabrics.”  

  4. Carpet or rug cleaning at customer’s location or in shop.  Dyeing carpet or rugs not by hand.  Refer to Code 2593 “Carpet, Rug or Upholstery Cleaning – Shop or Outside & Route Salespersons, Drivers.”     

 

Carpet, Rug or Upholstery Cleaning – Shop or Outside & Route Salespersons, Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 2593 applies to employers engaged in cleaning carpets, blinds, rugs and/or upholstery at customers’ locations or in their own shop.

Carpet, rug and upholstery cleaners engage in a variety of cleaning methods such as in-shop cleaning, rotary shampooing, hot water extraction, dry cleaning, bonnet cleaning and foam cleaning.  The majority of carpet and upholstery cleaning services operate at their customers’ locations such as commercial establishments and residential locations.  On-site services may use truck-mounted or portable carpet or upholstery cleaning equipment.  At the shop, cleaners primarily clean area rugs, both domestic and imported.

Assignment By Analogy

Mattress and box spring sterilizing

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Carpet or rug installation at customers’ premises.  Refer to Code 9521 “House Furnishings Installation & Upholstering – NOC – All Operations to Completion.”

  2. Carpet or rug manufacturing – other than jute or hemp.  Refer to Code 2402 “Carpet or Rug Mfg. – NOC.” 

  3. Rug or carpet dyeing by hand and retouching.  Refer to Code 2553 “Furnishing Goods Mfg.  –NOC – From Textile Fabrics.”

Cathedral or Art Glass Window Mfg.

Note:

Includes glass manufacturing.

Description

Code 4133 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing cathedral or art glass windows or stained-glass windows.  The manufacturing of stained glass is contemplated within the scope of this classification and involves the mixing of sand, soda ash and metal oxides received from others.  The raw materials are melted in a furnace and the molten glass is either rolled into sheets by machine or blown into long balloon shapes that are slit open and flattened by reheating.  Color is added to its surface while it is still in the molten state.  Some employers purchase their stained glass from others.  In the production of the product a substantial proportion of artistic hand labor is involved.  Drawing and stiff pattern paper, carbon paper, masking tape, kerosene, H-lead cames (standard, flat and rounded), wire solder and putty are received from others.  Duplicate copies of the original design are prepared.  One copy is cut up to make patterns for cutting each piece of glass, and another one is the leading guide onto which the cames are placed.  After all glass for a pattern is cut, the individual segments are set in place on the leading guide by pressing into the channels of the lead came.  All joints are then fluxed and soldered, and putty is pushed into all open spaces between the glass and the cames. 

The completed window is cleaned, inspected and prepared for shipment.

Assignment By Analogy

Glass window manufacturing – stained and leaded – repair shop

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Glass installation at customers’ locations. Refer to Code 5462 “Glazier – Away From Shop – All Operations to completion & Drivers.”

  2. Glass merchant principally engaged in selling purchased plate glass. Includes bending, grinding, beveling or slivering or plate glass. Refer to Code 4130 “Glass Merchant.”

  3. Manufacturing:
    1. Glassware:
      1. By automatic blowing machines. Refer to Code 4114 “Glassware Mfg. – NOC.”
      2. By hand. Refer to Code 4111 “Glassware Mfg. – No Automatic Blowing Machines.”
      3. (Not Otherwise Classified (NOC). Refer to Code 4101 “Glass Mfg. – NOC & Drivers.”
    2. Mirror. Refer to Code 4130 “Glass Merchant.”

Cellular Telephone Store – Retail

Note:

Description

Code 8069 applies to stores principally engaged in the retail selling of cellular telephones, smartphones, pagers and calling cards.  Also includes the activation or renewal of cellular telephone service plans, and incidental service or repair.  These stores may also sell an incidental amount of related cellular telephone accessories such as battery chargers, faceplates, skins, headsets, carrying straps and cases.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Wholesale sales of cellular telephones, smartphones, pagers, cellular telephone accessories such as face plates, skins, headsets, carrying straps and modular telephones.  Refer to Code 8018 “Wholesale Store – NOC.”

  2. Retail sales of cellular telephone accessories such as faceplates, skins, headsets, carrying straps, and modular telephones.  Refer to Code 8017 “Retail Store – NOC – No Service of Food.”

  3. Wholesale sales of cellular telephone battery chargers.  Refer to Code 7999 “Hardware Store – Wholesale.”

  4. Retail sales of cellular telephone battery chargers.  Refer to Code 7998 “Hardware Store – Retail.”

Note:

Description

Code 1701 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing cement, mortar, plaster, fiberglass insulation, rock wool, and similar products.

This classification also applies to employers engaged in manufacturing mica goods made from mica and mica preparing.  Mica is a silicate mineral such as muscovite, the most common type of mica in the mica group which readily separates into thin, pliable leaves due to its crystalline structure. This classification includes preparing mica which involves separating the mica leaves from chunks of mica ore.  In addition, this classification includes forming these leaves into sheets.

This classification also includes cutting mica sheets to size or into various shapes.  This material is most commonly used as insulation as it is heat resistant, primarily by industrial concerns such as but not limited to the electrical industry.     

This classification is also applicable to cutting shapes from purchased mica sheets or leaves that have been split by others.

 

Assignment By Analogy

  • Drywall, sheetrock or wallboard
  • Isinglass (muscovite) – mica in the form of thin sheets that are transparent for use such as in windows for stove doors of the coal or wood burning type 
  • Perlite or vermiculite
  • Spackling compound
  • Stucco - mix and blend only

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Building material dealer.  Refer to Code 8232 “Building Material Dealer – No Second-Hand Material & Local Managers, Drivers.” 

  2. Digging sand or gravel.  Refer to Code 4000 “Sand or Gravel Digging & Drivers.”

  3. Dredging.  Refer to Code 7333 “Dredging – All Types Program I,” Code 7335 “Dredging – All Types – Program II – State Act,” or Code 7337 “Dredging – All Types – Program II – USL Act.”
  4. Excavation.  Refer to Code 6217 “Excavation – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  5. Grinding and pulverizing.  Refer to Code 1741 "Flint or Spar Grinding and Drivers."

  6. Mining:
    1. With shafts, tunnels or drifts.  Refer to Code 1170 “Mining – NOC – With Shafts, Tunnels or Drifts & Drivers.” 
    2. Surface mining.  Refer to Code 1624 “Quarry – NOC & Drivers.”
  7. Quarrying.  Refer to Code 1624 “Quarry – NOC & Drivers.”

Cemetery Operation & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 9220 applies to employers engaged in all cemetery operations; that is, the maintenance work such as cutting of grass, shrubbery, etc., the digging of holes in the ground prior to lowering of the caskets, the backfilling of the holes and the planting of shrubbery on the grave that has been backfilled.  This classification also includes the care and maintenance of each grave as well as general maintenance operations.  Additionally, the maintenance of a mausoleum is considered incidental to the operation of the cemetery and is included under the scope of this classification.  Salespersons assisting customers in the office who also show gravesites around the property are inclusive under this classification.

Grave moving, the reopening of graves, the removing and reinterring of remains is also inclusive under this classification.

Pet cemetery operations are also assignable to this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

• Burial vault installation – concrete
• Caskets and coffins – wood

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Funeral parlor operations.  Refer to Code 9620 “Funeral Directors & Drivers.”

Chemical Blending or Mixing – NOC – All Operations & Drivers

Note:

Shall not be assigned to an employer engaged in the manufacturing of chemicals. 

Code 4828 or Code 4829 “Chemical Mfg. – NOC – All Operations & Drivers,” Code 4611 “Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation – No Mfg. of Ingredients” and Code 4825 “Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation Mfg. – Includes Mfg. of Ingredients,” shall not be assigned to the same employer unless the operations described by these classifications are conducted as separate and distinct businesses.

Description

Code 4828 applies to employers engaged in mixing, blending, compounding, packaging or bottling chemicals that are Not Otherwise Classified (NOC).  Employers’ operations that are subject to this classification do not manufacture any of the ingredients that comprise the chemicals, they receive the ingredients from others.  Depending on the method the employer uses, chemicals are mixed with the use of machinery or by hand.  Such products may be prepared by blending materials in the presence or absence of heat to produce a product.  This classification includes sifting, grinding, pulverizing, drying, liquefying, and blending ingredients with or without heat.  Chemicals are then filled in drums, containers, bottles or placed in packages and either shipped or delivered to the employer’s customers by the employer’s drivers or outside concerns.

 

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Acetylene gas – including tank filling, carbonic gas and oxygen or hydrogen.  Refer to Code 4635 “Oxygen or Hydrogen Mfg. & Drivers.”
    2. Alcohol – rubbing – isopropyl and drug, medicine or pharmaceutical preparation – including manufacturing of ingredients.  Refer to Code 4825 “Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation Mfg. – Includes Mfg. of Ingredients.”
    3. Chemical – Not Otherwise Classified (NOC).  Refer to Code 4829 “Chemical Mfg. – NOC – All Operations & Drivers.”
  2. Alcohol – rubbing – bottling only – no manufacturing.  Drug, medicine or pharmaceutical preparation – no manufacturing of ingredients.  Refer to Code 4611 “Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation – No Mfg. of Ingredients.”
     

Chemical Mfg. – NOC – All Operations & Drivers

Note:

Includes blending or mixing.  Shall not be assigned to an employer that is engaged exclusively in the blending or mixing of chemicals.  The following is a partial list of the chemical manufacturing processes contemplated by this classification: alcoholysis, alkylation, amination, calcination, carboxylation, compression of gases, distillation, esterification, halogenation, nitration, oxidation, reduction, sulphonation.

Code 4829 or Code 4828 “Chemical Blending or Mixing – NOC – All Operations & Drivers,” Code 4611 “Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation – No Mfg. of Ingredients” and Code 4825 “Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation Mfg. – Includes Mfg. of Ingredients,” shall not be assigned to the same employer unless the operations described by these classifications are conducted as separate and distinct businesses.

Description

Code 4829 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing products requiring a chemical conversion.  Chemical conversion is any process in which the substances used in the manufacturing process undergo a molecular change in composition.  This classification includes the manufacturing of chemical ingredients as well as the blending and mixing of the ingredients.  Depending on the type of chemical the employer manufactures, raw materials may be in the form of gas, liquid or in solid form such as crystals or powder.  There are several chemical processes that are used such as alcoholysis, alkylation, amination, calcination, carboxylation, compression of gases, distillation, esterification, halogenation, nitration, oxidation, reduction, sulphonation.

Assignment By Analogy

• Film development chemicals
• Helium – for balloons
• Moth balls or other deterrents

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Acetylene gas – including tank filling, carbonic gas and oxygen or hydrogen.  Refer to Code 4635 “Oxygen or Hydrogen Mfg. & Drivers.” 
    2. Alcohol – rubbing – isopropyl and drug, medicine or pharmaceutical preparation – including manufacturing of ingredients.  Refer to Code 4825 “Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation Mfg. – Includes Mfg. of Ingredients.” 
  2. Alcohol – rubbing – bottling only – no manufacturing.  Drug, medicine or pharmaceutical preparation.  Refer to Code 4611 “Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation – No Mfg. of Ingredients.”

  3. Chemical blending or mixing exclusively.  Refer to Code 4828 “Chemical Blending or Mixing – NOC – All Operations & Drivers.”

Chimney Construction – Not Metal – All Operations to Completion

Note:

Includes foundation and applies to stone, brick or concrete chimneys.

Description

Code 5000 applies to employers engaged in construction and/or erection of industrial and commercial chimneys or smokestacks.  The chimneys are constructed from stone, brick or concrete and includes excavation for the laying of foundations.  Bricks, stones or concrete are then layered from the foundation up to the required height.  Steel ladders, if needed, are attached to the chimney.  This operation is mostly performed by specialist contractors in this field of construction, however, this may also be done by general contractors.

This classification also applies to the repairing of industrial and commercial chimneys.  Employers have different methods of repairing these chimneys such as tuck pointing (filling and/or finishing brickwork with cement or mortar), rebricking, exterior concrete replacement, tear-down and rebuilding, reinforcement banding, interior lining includes gunite application, protective brick linings and application of other technical castings.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Construction or erection of residential chimneys.  Refer to Code 5022 “Masonry – NOC – All Operations to Completion.”

  2. Erection of steel chimneys – heavy gauge.  Refer to Code 5040 “Iron or Steel Erection – Frame Structures – All Operations to Completion.”

  3. Manufacturing of steel metal chimney – heavy gauge.  Refer to Code 3620 “Tank Building – Metal – Shop.”

  4. Fabrication of sheet metal chimney:
    1. In shop and installation.  Refer to Code 5538 “Sheet Metal Work Erection, Installation or Repair – NOC – Shop or Outside – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”
    2. In shop only.  Refer to Code 3066 “Sheet Metal Work – Shop Only,” and Code 3067 “Sheet Metal Work – Shop Only.”

Cigarette, Cigar or Tobacco Mfg.

Note:

Includes the rehandling and warehousing of prepared tobacco. 

Description

Code 2172 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing cigarettes and cigars.  This consists of receiving tobacco in bales or hogsheads, conditioning the tobacco by humidifying, stripping tobacco leaves, blending and mixing, shredding and cutting, drying, cooling, and sweetening.  Tobacco then enters automatic cigarette-making machines.  The cigarettes are compressed, wrapped, sealed, stamped, labeled, and put into cartons.  This classification also includes any hand making of cigarettes.  This classification also applies to manufacturing cigarette filters exclusively.  This involves the use of converted cigarette-making machinery that rolls, crimps, and forms paper and cellulose acetate fiber.  A plasticizer material, in turn, is sprayed into the filters, followed by a drying process.

This classification also includes manufacturing smoking, plug, twist and snuff tobaccos.  This involves hand twisting tobacco, machine molding plug tobacco, hand wrapping the tobacco leaf around the molded plugs, and affixing brand labels and tax stamps.  This classification also includes tobacco cleaning, grading, stripping, steaming, and treating tobacco with flavoring extracts.  

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Cigarette paper from pulp.  Refer to Code 4239 "Paper Mfg."
    2. Pipe - wooden - tobacco.  Refer to Code 2790 "Pattern Making - NOC." 

Cleaner – Debris Removal – Construction or Erection

Note:

Applies only in connection with construction or erection.  Does not apply to the payroll for cleaners except when the payroll for watch guards, timekeepers and cleaners is more than all other payroll of the employer which is subject to construction or erection classifications at the same job or location.

Description

Code 5610 applies to employers engaged in removing construction or erection debris provided they are not engaged in construction or erection operations.  This classification also applies to debris removal employees of a construction or erection contractor provided that the payroll for the cleaners, timekeepers and watch guards is greater than all the other payroll of the employer subject to construction or erection classifications at the same job or location.  This classification can be applied to debris removal employees that are working on different floors of the job site that have already been completed by the tradesperson or to debris removal employees after the tradesperson left for the day provided their payroll meets the criterion. 

Timekeepers and watch guards employed by construction or erection contractors are present during the construction or erection operations.  Watch guards also work nights, weekends and holidays to assure that vandalism and theft does not occur.

The payroll of Code 5606 “Contractor – Executive Supervisor, Construction Executive, Construction Manager, Construction Superintendent or Project Manager” shall be excluded when determining whether the payroll for cleaners, timekeepers and/or watch guards exceeds all other payroll of the insured subject to construction or erection operations at the same job or location.  If the insured is classified as Code 5606 and also has this classification exposure, this classification shall apply even if the Code 5606 exposure is greater.

This classification does not apply to cleaner/debris removal employees working in conjunction with the tradespersons.  Such employees are considered laborers and subject to the same classification as the tradesperson.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Debris removal:
    1. During construction.  Assign the governing classification of the job site.
    2. Left by building demolition contractor.  Refer to Code 6217 “Excavation – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”
  2. Garbage or refuse collection including containerized.  Refer to Code 9403 “Garbage, Ashes or Refuse Collection & Drivers.”

  3. Watchmen – guarding property of others – armed or unarmed.  Refer to Code 7723 “Detective or Patrol Agency & Drivers.”  

 

Cleaning Outside Surfaces of Buildings & Drivers

Note:

Includes incidental waterproofing, painting, pointing, caulking and other repairing.

Description

Code 9025 applies to employers engaged in cleaning outside structural surfaces or walls regardless of height.  The employer will conduct a wide range of exterior maintenance services such as pressure or steam water washing, chemical cleaning, and abrasive or mechanical cleaning.

Employers will also conduct graffiti removal, public space maintenance and building restoration.  Some employers may use vehicles equipped with high-pressure hot water power washing equipment which is used to remove graffiti or other unwanted surface deposits such as paint, concrete, tar, etc.

Assignment By Analogy

Sandblasting – exterior – building surfaces

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Cleaning:
    1. Building entrances and lobbies.  Refer to Code 9030 “Building Service Contractor.”
    2. Furnaces and chimneys from the roof.  Refer to Code 5545 “Roofing – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers” and Code 5547 “Roofing – Built-Up – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

Clerical Office Employees – NOC

Note:

Code 8810 is subject to the Standard Exception Manual Rule IV – Classifications of this Manual.  This classification is not available for division of payroll.

Description

Code 8810 applies to clerical office employees whose duties include creation or maintenance of financial or other employer records, handling correspondence, computer composition, technical drafting, and telephone duties, including sales by phone.

A clerical office employee must work in an area separated by floors, walls, partitions, counters or other physical barriers.  These employees are not to be regularly exposed to the operative hazards of the business.

Assignment By Analogy

• Computer system designers or programmers – exclusively office
• Drafting employees

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Auditors, accountant or factory cost or office systematizer – traveling.  Refer to Code 8803 “Clerical Service Contractor – Traveling.”

  2. Banks and trust companies.  Refer to Code 8855 “Bank and Trust Companies – All Employees & Clerical, Outside Salespersons, Drivers.”

  3. Insurance companies.  Refer to Code 8723 “Insurance Companies & Clerical, Salespersons.”

  4. Clerical office employees whose duties include creation or maintenance of financial or other employer records, handling correspondence, computer composition, technical drafting, and telephone duties, including sales by phone, from their residence.  Refer to Code 8871 “Telecommuter Clerical Employees.”

Clerical Service Contractor – Traveling

Note:

Description

Code 8803 applies to traveling clerical-type employees who augment the staff of risks that provide accounting, auditing, computer programming, or related clerical services for their clients.  These types of services are performed at the client’s location.

Clerical service contractors provide clerical services at their client’s business location and may frequently travel from one location to another.

Assignment By Analogy

• Court stenographers
• Hotel management consultants – not employed by hotel
• Management Consultants

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Insurance companies:
    1. Premium auditors.  Refer to Code 8723 “Insurance Companies & Clerical, Salespersons.”
    2. Adjustors and inspectors.  Refer to Code 8720 “Inspection of Risks for Insurance or Valuation Purposes – NOC.”
  2. Office clerical staff or internal auditors that travel to various sites and perform audits of their own business not for others.  Refer to Code 8810 “Clerical Office Employees – NOC.”

Clock Mfg.

Note:

Description

Code 3385 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing watches, watch movements and clocks.  Materials such as ferrous and non-ferrous alloys, fasteners, cases, gems, and watchbands are received from others and used to make watches.  The manufacturing process involves casting the metals, punching, blanking, turning, grinding, plating, and assembling the watches and clocks using hand tools or small machines.  If necessary, precious gems are drilled and set into the watch faces.  The items are inspected, tested and packed for shipment to the customer.

This classification includes the repair of watches principally performed for dealers.

Assignment By Analogy

Electric razors, shavers or shears – assembly of purchased parts only

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Watch case manufacturing.  Refer to Code 3381 “Silverware Mfg.”
  2. Jewelry repair.  Refer to Code 3383 “Jewelry Mfg.”

Cloth Printing

Note:

Shall not be assigned to a risk engaged in operations described by another classification unless the operations subject to Code 2417 are conducted as a separate and distinct business.

Description

Code 2417 applies to employers engaged in print customers’ designs on various textiles such as silk, cotton, wool and others by machine.  Textiles are received from others with print and design instructions.  Silk screens are created according to designs.  Rolls of fabric are printed on, dried and cured.  The printed fabrics are rolled, packed and shipped.

Assignment By Analogy

Embossing on textiles

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Bleaching, dyeing, mercerizing or finishing new textiles for others.  Refer to Code 2413 “Textile – Bleaching, Dyeing, Mercerizing, Finishing.”  

  2. Silk screen printing:   
    1. By a clothing manufacturer.  Refer to Code 2501 "Clothing Mfg."
    2. By hand.  Refer to Code 2553 "Furnishing Goods. Mfg - NOC - From Textile Fabrics."
    3. By machine.  Refer to Code 4299 "Printing."
  3. Specialty contractors engaged only in silk screening textile bolts or cut garment parts by the hand “squeeze” method.  Refer to Code 2553 “Furnishing Goods Mfg. – NOC – From Textile Fabrics.”    

Clothing Mfg.

Note:

Includes dressing of dolls by a doll clothing, cloth dolls or cloth parts manufacturer.

Description

Code 2501 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing clothing that is produced in quantity or mass produced.  Patterns or cloth are cut, sewn, finished, labeled, pressed and packaged.  Clothing may be produced from any type of cloth such as cotton, wool or velvet, and dressed furs or fur trimmings, linings or material for linings, interlinings, trimmings, Velcro, buckles, belts, buttons or fasteners.

This classification is also applied to employers that manufacture hats but does not apply to the manufacturing of hat frames made from buckram.  Hats may be made from textile, fur or felt bodies or straw.  Straw hats are braided from straw striping and sewn or stitched together.  Fur or felt body hats are cut, sewn, steamed or blocked in presses and trimmed.  Accessories may be added such as flowers, ribbons, bands, fur or feathers.  Hats made from textile may be embroidered or screen printed with the employer’s designs, artwork or logos.

Manufacturing parachutes and umbrellas are also assigned to this classification. 

Assignment By Analogy

Shoulder pads

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Bridal shops – custom made gowns exclusively.  Custom made knit goods including hand knitting.  Refer to Code 2503 “Custom Clothing or Tailor Shop – Alterations – No Mass Mfg., Dry Cleaning or Laundering.” 
    2. Hat frame manufacturing – from buckram forms.  Hat lining manufacturing.  Automobile seat covers.  Refer to Code 2553 “Furnishing Goods Mfg. – NOC – From Textile Fabrics.”
    3. Metal parts, buckles or clips for suspenders.  Refer to Code 3129 “Buckle or Button Mfg. – Metal.”
    4. Paper party hats.  Refer to Code 4279 “Paper Goods Mfg. – NOC.” 
    5. Knitting fabrics including sewing into clothing.  Refer to Code 2362 “Knit Goods Mfg. – NOC.”
  2. Preparation of fur skins including dressing or dyeing.  The processing of animal pelt which involves such operations as skin cleaning, slitting, trimming, dehairing and fur carroting.  Refer to Code 2600 “Fur Mfg. – Preparing Skins.”

Clothing or Wearing Apparel Store – Retail

Note:

Description

Code 8008 applies to employers principally engaged in the retail sale of any or all the following merchandise:

  1. Ready-to-wear clothing and wearing apparel, including suits, coats, dresses, knitwear, hats, shoes, rubbers, slippers, undergarments, sleeping and lounging clothes, ties, hosiery, haberdashery, gloves, scarfs, and aprons.  Incidental alterations are also included.
  2. Dry goods, including piece goods, yard goods, embroideries, veiling, laces, textile trimmings, curtains, draperies, blankets, bedspreads, sheets, pillowcases, tablecloths, napkins, towels and handkerchiefs.
  3. Miscellaneous sewing accessories such as buttons, buckles, slides, tapes, buckram, yarn, thread, thimbles, needles, pins, hooks and eyes, dress shields, hat bodies, artificial flowers and zippers.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Dealers in ladies’ handbags, sale of sporting goods such as camping, fishing, hunting, baseball, football, bowling or basketball equipment or supplies and incidental clothing and demonstrators in retail stores (NOC).  Refer to Code 8017 “Retail Store – NOC – No Service of Food.”

  2. Mail order sales of clothing, wearing apparel, or dry goods to individuals.  Refer to Code 8032 “Clothing or Wearing Apparel Store – Wholesale."

Clothing or Wearing Apparel Store – Wholesale

Note:

No laundering at the same location.

Description

Code 8032 applies to stores principally engaged in sales of the following merchandise on a wholesale basis:

  1. Ready-to-wear apparel, including suits, coats, dresses, knitwear, hats, shoes, rubbers, slippers, undergarments, sleeping and lounging clothes, ties, hosiery, haberdashery, gloves, scarfs and aprons.
  2. Dry goods, including piece goods, yard goods, embroideries, veiling, laces, textile trimmings, curtains, draperies, blankets, bedspreads, sheets, pillowcases, tablecloths, napkins, towels and handkerchiefs.
  3. Miscellaneous sewing accessories such as buttons, buckles, slides, tapes, buckram, yarn, thread, thimbles, needles, pins, hooks and eyes, dress shields, hat bodies, artificial flowers and zippers.

This classification applies to stores principally engaged in the wholesale or retail mail order sales of clothing, wearing apparel or dry goods.

Other wholesale operations assigned to this classification are dealers in:

  1.  Men’s and women’s belts.
  2.  Watch straps – including attaching buckles by hand to such straps.
  3.  Hair nets.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Dealers in ladies’ handbags and second-hand clothing which are sorted, graded and baled for shipment.  Refer to Code 8018 “Wholesale Store – NOC.”

Club – Country, Golf, Fishing or Yacht & Clerical

Note:

The actual remuneration of golf caddies shall be included in determining the premium for the employer.  If the actual remuneration of caddies is not available, then the total number  of rounds caddied shall be used to compute the payroll by multiplying the number of rounds caddied by the club’s posted rate. 

If neither the actual remuneration nor the total number of rounds caddied can be determined, then the remuneration for caddies shall be determined as follows:

• Include one round per week for each member with golf playing privileges for each week or;
• Portion thereof that the course was open during the policy period, and multiply by the club’s posted caddy rate.

In no event shall the caddy rate be less than the State Minimum rate for caddies.

Description

Code 9060 applies to employers engaged in operating a variety of clubs which consist of, but are not limited to, country clubs, golf clubs, fishing clubs or yacht clubs.  The majority of the employer’s employees are exposed to outdoor activities involving sports.

This classification applies to managers, teaching pros or instructors, bar or restaurant personnel, swimming pool and tennis court employees and office employees.  Hotel or motel employees are also subject to this classification if the employer provides these services only to their members and guests.  Entertainers and musicians on the club’s premises are also subject to this classification.

Also contemplated under this classification are employees who are employed by others contracted with a hotel or motel operation to operate the golf courses for the hotels or motels guests. 

A golf pro shop on the premises of the country or golf club whether operated by the club or by others is subject to this classification.  The pro shops are engaged in cart rentals and the selling and repairing of sporting apparel and/or sporting goods.  The pro shop would also conduct golf tournaments, provide golf lessons and operate driving ranges.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Automobile, beach or social club.  Refer to Code 9061 “Clubs – NOC – All Employees & Clerical.”

  2. Hunting or riding clubs.  Refer to Code 7207 “Club or Riding Academy & Drivers.”

  3. Tennis clubs.  Refer to Code 9065 “Club – Tennis – Private & Clerical.”

  4. Golf professionals, caddies and all other golf course employees employed by a hotel or motel establishment.  Refer to Code 9052 “Hotel – NOC – All Other Employees & Drivers.”

Club – Tennis – Private & Clerical

Note:

Description

Code 9065 applies to employers engaged in operating public or private tennis, handball, paddleball, racquetball or squash clubs.  Tennis, handball, paddleball, racquetball or squash must be the principal activity of the club.  To determine the principal activity of a profit-making club, the gross receipts generated by court use must predominate over receipts from other activities such as weight lifting, aerobics and other exercise.  For non-profit clubs, the square footage of the court area must exceed the square footage of areas used for other activities.

Operations include maintenance of the courts as well as grounds, instructors and clerical personnel.  In addition, service of food, beverages or snacks as well as operating a pro shop are included, however, receipts for these operations are not to be used in determining the “principal activity” of the club.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Clubs:
    1. Beach and social.  Refer to Code 9061 “Clubs – NOC – All Employees & Clerical.”
    2. Country, golf, fishing or yachting.  Refer to Code 9060 “Club – Country, Golf, Fishing or Yacht & Clerical.” 
    3. Exercise or health.  Refer to Code 9055 “Exercise or Health Institute.”
    4. Riding or hunting.  Refer to Code 7207 “Club or Riding Academy & Drivers.” 

Club or Riding Academy & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 7207 applies to employers engaged in operating horse-riding academies or clubs.   Customers ride the horses on trail areas on the grounds of the employer or on the beach.  If the customer requires horse riding instructions, the employers will provide verbal and physical instructions on horsemanship.

Hunting clubs involve memberships.  Members are required to pay dues to the club.  Horses are usually individually owned by each member.  This classification includes cleaning, feeding and the training of foxhounds used for hunting purposes.  Kennel employees will feed and groom the foxhounds.  Some clubs may or may not operate a horse stable.  Individual members of the club may care for their own horses at their own stable.

The employer’s stable person will take care of the employer’s horse as well as the stable which will involve cleaning stalls and horses, saddling, feeding and grooming the horses.
 

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Horse livery and horse board stables.  Refer to Code 7201 “Boarding or Livery Stable – Not Sales Stable & Drivers.”

  2. Horse breeding farm.  Refer to Code 0006 “Farm – NOC & Drivers.”

  3. Racing stable employees including trainers, jockeys, and backstretch employees.  Refer to Code 8280 “Racing Stable & Drivers.”

  4. Stablemen employed at the racetrack.  Refer to Code 7201 “Boarding or Livery Stables – Not Sales Stables & Drivers.”

Clubs – NOC – All Employees & Clerical

Note:

Description

Code 9061 applies to employers engaged operating clubs that are Not Otherwise Classified (NOC).  This classification is applicable to risks where many employees (excluding restaurant and bar employees) work indoors.

Clubs generally fitting the above description include business, social and athletic clubs in addition to fraternal societies or orders such as the Knights of Columbus, the B.P.O. of Elks and Masonic lodges.  These clubs may have extensive or limited facilities and services depending upon the type of club.

This classification contemplates any employees involved in the operation of the facilities typically found in a club.  This may include employees working in dining rooms, snack and liquor bars, lounge rooms, reading rooms, card rooms, billiard rooms, bowling lanes, swimming pools and those employees who clean or prepare sleeping accommodations and the employees that are entertainers for the club.

Assignment By Analogy

• Automobile clubs
• Beach clubs, chess clubs, veterans’ clubs
• Benevolent associations, faculty student associations
• Casino gambling and casinos without hotel operations

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Transport of patrons.  Refer to Code 8394 “Bus Company – All Other Employees & Drivers.”

  2. Casino gambling operations in conjunction with a hotel.  Refer to Code 9044 “Hotel – Casino Gambling – All Other Employees & Outside Salespersons.”

Coal Dock Operation & Stevedoring

Note:

Applies to coal docks using mechanical apparatus.  Not applicable to contract stevedores or coal merchants operating yards.

Description

Code 7313F applies to employers engaged operations of coal docks including stevedoring.  This classification is also applied to employers engaged in the operation of ore docks including stevedoring.  This classification is considered to be a highly restricted classification applying only to terminal coal or ore docks utilizing specialized mechanical apparatus.  These coal or ore dock operators have no equity in these products.  They merely engage in the wholesale transfer of coal or ore owned by others from vessels to railroad cars or vice versa.  This classification contemplates the dock employees who operate, maintain and repair the mechanical apparatus.  Also, the dock operators’ employees who board vessels to measure the holds, supervise the operation of the mechanical trimmers, and adjust and lubricate parts of the trimmers which move the coal or ore from the corners of the holds and position the coal or ore under the hatch openings where it can be reached by the unloading apparatus, are contemplated within the scope of this classification.  The temporary and incidental storage of minor amounts of coal or ore shall not preclude the assignment of this classification to employers engaged in the business of operating coal or ore docks.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Coal billet manufacturing.  Refer to Code 1463  “Asphalt Works & Drivers.”

  2. Coal merchants.  Refer to Code 8350 “Gasoline or Oil Dealer & Drivers.”

Concrete Construction – NOC – All Operations to Completion

Note:

Includes foundation or the making, setting up or taking down forms, scaffolds, falsework or concrete distributing apparatus. 

Not available for division of payroll with Code 5222 “Concrete Construction in Connection with Bridges or Culverts – All Operations to Completion” and Code 6235 “Oil or Gas Well – Drilling or Redrilling – All Operations to Completion & Drivers” at the same job.

Description

Code 5213 applies to employers engaged in all types of commercial concrete building construction, self-bearing floors, foundations, piers, grain elevators and silos.  This classification includes making and erecting forms, placing reinforced steel and stripping forms.  The employer will set up the “foundation forms,” pour concrete into the forms and then level the concrete smooth.  They will then disassemble the forms after the cement has dried. These “foundation forms” are usually small wood barriers that hold the cement into the form for whatever the employer is making.  Self-bearing floors are self-supported concrete floors elevated above ground.

Another operation contemplated under this classification is the erection of concrete slabs using the “lift” method.  This operation involves the pouring of concrete slabs on the ground and then hoisting them to the top floor using hydraulic jacks to position columns which will hold up each floor.  The floors will be erected starting from top, working their way down.  When the floors are lifted to the correct height, steel beams will be installed to hold up the concrete floors.

This classification includes guniting operations and waterproofing by means of spray gun, concrete gun or other pressure apparatus.

Assignment By Analogy

• Concrete/cement – contractors – self bearing floors and floor coverings poured – foundation and other NOC work
• Electric light and powerline construction – erecting poles or towers only – concrete base for towers
• Fallout shelters – poured concrete    
• Gypsum roofs – poured

 

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Chimney guniting.  Refer to Code 5222 “Concrete Construction in Connection with Bridges or Culverts – All Operations to Completion.”

  2. Excavation.  Refer to Code 6217 “Excavation – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  3. Ground supported concrete floor construction.  Refer to Code 5221 “Concrete or Cement Work – Floors, Driveways, Yards or Sidewalks – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

Concrete Construction in Connection with Bridges or Culverts – All Operations to Completion

Note:

Applies only when clearance is more than 10 feet at any point or entire distance between terminal abutments exceed 20 feet. 

Description

Code 5222 applies to employers engaged in concrete construction in connection with bridges or culverts.  This operation involves the pouring of and finishing with concrete to conform to the shape of the culverts.  Includes the making, setting up or taking down forms, scaffolds, falsework, or concrete distributing apparatus, the manufacturing of concrete piles at the job location and the pouring of concrete into hollow steel piles.  This classification also applies to the concrete construction of lanes, sidewalks, and roadways on bridges.  The employer breaks up old concrete and lays down forms to hold the concrete.  After installing new steel reinforcement rods or mesh, new concrete is poured into the forms.

This classification does not apply if the employer pours concrete onto the existing road surface so as not to raise the height of the existing roadbed on bridges or add extra weight to the bridge with no new mesh or rods involved.
 

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Caisson or Cofferdam work.  Refer to Code 6252 “Shaft Sinking – All Operations to Completion.”

  2. Excavation.  Refer to Code 6217 “Excavation – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers” and Code 5508 “Excavation – Rock – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  3. Pile driving.  Refer to Code 6003 “Pile Driving – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  4. Tunneling - Pneumatic or Not Pneumatic.  Refer to Code 6251 “Tunneling – All Operations to Completion.”

Concrete or Cement Work – Floors, Driveways, Yards or Sidewalks – All Operations to Completion & Drivers

Note:

Not available for division of payroll with Code 5222 “Concrete Construction in Connection with Bridges or Culverts – All Operations to Completion.”

Description

Code 5221 applies to employers engaged in any type of paving or repaving involving flat work with cement or concrete, such as driveways, floors, yards, sidewalks, and parking lots.  The employer will grade and level the surface and will then place down foundation forms to border in cement.  Wire mesh or rebar is placed in the forms and cement or concrete is poured which is later troweled.  After the cement dries the forms are removed.
 
This classification also applies to the use of asphalt to pave parking lots and courts.  The asphalt is applied to the ground and the employer then spreads the asphalt with a rake.  A roller machine is used to compress the asphalt.  The painting of traffic lines in parking lots after the paving or repaving is completed by the same contractor is inclusive under this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

• Cemetery monument markers, gravestones, headstones or tombstones – ornaments, sculptures or statuary – concrete foundation only
• Courts – outside – handball – tennis – concrete
       

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Poured self-bearing floors.  Refer to Code 5213 “Concrete Construction – NOC – All Operations to Completion.”       

  2. Street or road construction.  Refer to Code 5506 “Street or Road Construction – Paving or Repaving – All Operations to Completion & Drivers,” Code 5507 “Street or Road Construction – Sub-Surface Work – All Operations to Completion & Drivers,” or Code 5508 “Excavation – Rock – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

Concrete Products Mfg. & Drivers

Note:

Applies to shop or yard work only.  Includes the manufacturing of concrete blocks, bricks, poles, piles, beams, sewer pipes, tile or similar products, and may be applied only when the operations described are conducted as a commercial enterprise at a permanent location.  Not available at a construction site or for any plant established or operated in connection with construction work.

Description

Code 4034 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing concrete products as a commercial enterprise operated at a permanent location.

Raw materials may include sand, gravel, cement, aggregates, wire mesh or rods.  Materials are mixed and may be formed by machine or molds.  Wire mesh or rods may be used for strengthening.  Formed products are dried and/or cured prior to distribution.  Machinery such as lifts, or cranes may be used to move completed products.

Some products contemplated by this classification include but are not limited to patio blocks, tiles, lawn ornaments, sculptures, furniture, stairs, pipes, septic tanks, burial vaults or caskets and pre-cast columns, beams and slabs.

Assignment By Analogy

Stones – cast manufacturing

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Fire or enameled brick.  Refer to Code 4024 “Brick Mfg. – NOC – Fire or Enameled & Drivers.”
    2. Statuary or ornament – plaster.   Refer to Code 4038 “Plaster Statuary or Ornament Mfg.”

Conduit Construction – For Cables or Wires – All Operations to Completion & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 6325 applies to employers engaged in the erection of railway signal systems and/or highway guard-crossing systems.  Operations such as digging of a trench, laying of conduit, backfilling and concrete or masonry work are examples of the work contemplated by this classification.  The same procedure is applicable to the installation of traffic signals, “auto-stops” and ornamental street lights.  Cable laying by specialist contractors employing automatic equipment, which in one operation opens the trench, lays the cable and backfills, is also assigned to this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

• Cable underground – television providers – using automatic equipment which opens trenches, lays cable and backfills in one operation
• Conduits – steel – flexible – rigid 
• Invisible fence automatic equipment – Cat or dog

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Cable installation in conduits or subways.  Refer to Code 7536 “Cable Installation – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

Confection Machinery Mfg.

Note:

Description

Code 3559 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing machinery or equipment used for manufacturing confections, and machinery or equipment for wrapping, packaging and/or dispensing food, beverages, snacks or candy.  In addition, this classification includes manufacturing automatic lockers, automatic scales, music dispensing machines and amusement game devices which are analogous in their manufacture to other machinery described in the scope of this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Coin wrapping machines.  Refer to Code 3574 “Office, Computing or Recording Machine Mfg. – NOC.” 

Construction or Erection Permanent Yard

Note:

Applies only to a permanent yard maintained by a construction or erection risk for the storage of material or the storage and maintenance of equipment.  Not applicable to a construction site.


This classification cannot be used with any construction classification that includes yard or shop operations.

Description

Code 8227 applies to employers that maintain open or enclosed construction or erection permanent yards for the storage of materials, or the storage and maintenance of equipment used by these businesses in their construction or erection operations.  The material stored at permanent yards and the equipment maintained depend upon the construction or erection work undertaken by the contractor.

This classification is a construction or erection classification but is not available for division of a single employee’s payroll during a single day.

This classification is not available for employees who are properly classified to another construction classification or loading and unloading the day’s materials, equipment, and tools or performing maintenance on equipment or vehicles.  This classification is also not available for employees who prefabricate portions of the construction work in the yard prior to assembling or installing them at the job site.  The type of work noted above is incidental to the employee’s governing construction classification and must not be assigned to this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

Reconditioning and leasing forms for concrete construction

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Concrete:
    1. Mixing in transit – by building material dealers.  Refer to Code 8232 “Building Material Dealer – No Second-Hand Material & Local Managers, Drivers.”
    2. Pumping – by specialty contractors.  Refer to Code 9534 “Mobile Crane and Hoisting Service Contractors – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

Contractor – Executive Supervisor, Construction Executive, Construction Manager, Construction Superintendent or Project Manager

Note:

When terms such as “all employees,” “all other employees,” “all operations,” and “all operations to completion” appear in the phraseology of a construction or erection operation applicable to an employer, Code 5606 may be assigned to those employees who are otherwise qualified to be assigned to Code 5606.

Description

Code 5606 applies to executive supervisors, construction executives, construction managers, construction superintendents or project managers having administrative or managerial responsibility for construction or erection projects.

The executive supervisor, construction executive, construction manager, construction superintendent or project manager will spend some time in the office and the remainder of time visiting various job sites conferring with the job superintendent or foreperson to keep track of the progress of the work being conducted at each job or project.

To qualify for this classification these individuals are defined as those persons exercising supervisory control through job superintendents or foremen.

    1. This classification does not apply to any person who is directly in charge of construction work such as a superintendent or foremen or any person that is engaged in actual construction or erection work. The applicable construction or erection classification(s) shall be applied.
    2. When actual construction or erection work is given to or placed with subcontractors that have their own supervisor or foremen on their payroll, the executive supervisor or construction executive of the general contractor shall be subject to this classification provided they meet the above criteria. 
    3. Separately rate an executive officer of a corporation who performs the duties of an executive supervisor as Code 8809 “Executive Officers – NOC – Not Foremen, Workers or Salespersons” provided that such executive officer does not otherwise regularly and frequently perform the duties of a foreman, worker or outside salesperson.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Superintendent or foreman of a construction or erection job.  Assign the governing classification of the job site.

 

Convalescent or Nursing Home – All Employees

Note:

Description

Code 8829 applies to employers engaged in the operation of a convalescent or nursing home.  This type of facility has professional employees such as registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, doctors and dieticians, to care for clients that reside at the home.

Nurses and/or doctors administer medications to the clients when needed.  Dieticians recommend specific diets for clients who have special dietary needs and cooks prepare meals for the client’s requirement.  Clients may feed themselves in the dining area or may need to be fed if they cannot care for themselves.

Clients are bathed and/or dressed by aides if they are not capable of doing this task themselves.  Beds are changed, and rooms are cleaned.  At some facilities, hairstylists are available to provide grooming to the clients.  Security guards usually work around the clock to ensure the safety and security of the clients that reside at the facility.  The client’s laundry is cleaned in the facility’s laundry room or it may be contracted out to an outside laundering service.  Maintenance employees’ duties include, sweeping, mopping, taking out the trash, change light bulbs and wash bathrooms.  When emergency medical care is needed clients are transported to the hospital by the employer’s ambulance (if any) or by an outside ambulance service.

This classification is also assigned to a convalescent or nursing home operated by a hospital provided that the home is located away from the hospital and not at the same location or adjacent to the hospital.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Home Health Care:
    1. Professional employees.  Refer to Code 8854 “Health Care Services – Medical or Other Professional Services – Traveling.”
    2. Non-professional employees.  Refer to Code 9051 “Health Care Services – Daily Living Skills Services – Traveling.”
  2. Nursing or convalescent home operated by a hospital at the same location or adjacent to a hospital:
    1. Professional employees.  Refer to Code 8833 “Hospital – Professional Employees.”
    2. All other employees.  Refer to Code 9040 “Hospital – All Other Employees.”

 

Cookie Mfg.

Note:

Description

Code 2001 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing cookies, crackers, and wafers, snaps, and matzoth.  Flour is sifted and mixed with other ingredients such as baking soda, baking powder, sugar, brown sugar, artificial sweeteners, butter, eggs, vegetable oil, powdered milk, nuts, dried fruit, cocoa, chocolate chips, oatmeal, peanut butter, flavorings such as vanilla extract, salt or other ingredients according to the recipe.  The ingredients are mixed according to recipe to form them into a dough which may be kneaded, rolled, placed in molds or on sheets, and pressed to form different shapes or designs.  Depending on what the recipe calls for, ingredients are mixed together by mechanical means or manual process (described below) to make the dough.  The uncooked cookies are then baked in ovens according to temperature required and when done are cooled and ready to be packaged.  A variety of toppings or coatings may be applied which may require some preliminary mixing and/or baking and cooling before being applied.  Processes are mechanically performed in most cases with use of conveyors and other product line equipment at cookie manufacturing facilities.

Assignment By Analogy

• Hard pretzels
• Ice cream cones

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Bakeries making a general line of baked goods such as breads, cakes and pies even though some of their products may include cookies.  Refer to Code 2003  “Bakery & Route Salespersons, Route Supervisors, Drivers.”

  2. A retail cookie shop engaged in on-premises preparation and sale of cookies and beverages for consumption both on or on and away from the premises.  Assign the appropriate restaurant classification.

  3. Melba toast manufacturing.  Refer to Code 6504 “Food Sundries Mfg. – NOC – No Cereal Milling.” 

Corrugated or Fiberboard Container Mfg.

Note:

Includes corrugating or laminating of paper.

Code 4244 and Code 4250 “Paper Coating” shall not be assigned to the same risk unless the operations described by these classifications are conducted as separate and distinct businesses.

Description

Code 4244 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing corrugated or fiberboard barrels, boxes, cartons, shipping drums and containers made from corrugated cardboard or fiberboard.

In manufacturing corrugated cardboard used for the containers, heavy paper stock is fed into a corrugating machine which forms the corrugation “ripples.”  An outer facing sheet layer is then glued to one or both sides.  Fiberboard containers do not have a corrugated center section because they are made from paper stock which is laminated by gluing the flat paper sheets in successive layers until the required thickness is obtained.

Some employers may purchase the cardboard or fiberboard stock already corrugated or laminated.  The purchased corrugated or fiberboard material is cut to size, slit or slotted, scored and creased and then folded and taped or stapled.  The completed boxes are inspected and may be shipped to the employer’s customers in a flat form in bundles or in a set-up or fully assembled shape.

Manufacturing fiberboard drums, the material is wound around tubes in the required number of thicknesses or laminations.  The glue is applied in the winding process and the formed tubular stock is cut to size and fitted with tops and bottoms cut from fiberboard sheet stock.  The top and bottom edges of the drums may be fitted with metal rims.

Assignment By Analogy

• Cans – fiber – with metal lid
• Chest of drawers – mailing – fiber type
• Clothes or garment closets – cut, fold, crease, unassembled          
• Furniture frames – fiberboard
• Mailing or shipping containers – fiber

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Folding cardboard boxes other than those made from corrugated cardboard or fiberboard materials.  The taping or stapling of corrugated box stock which is received already cut, slotted, scored and creased.  Refer to Code 4243 “Box Mfg. – NOC – Folding Paper.”
    2. Paper boxes – set-up or fully assembled type paper boxes.  Refer to Code 4240 “Box Mfg. – Set-Up Paper.”
    3. Paper or paperboard.  Refer to Code 4239 “Paper Mfg.”
    4. Wooden boxes or crates.  Refer to Code 2759 “Box or Box Shook Mfg.”

Crayon, Pencil or Penholder Mfg.

Note:

Description

Code 2942 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing crayons, wooden pencils and penholders.  Employers may begin with raw logs or pencil slats that are purchased from pencil stock manufacturers.  They may manufacture their own wood pencil stock or purchase pencil stock from other manufacturers.  The types of machines used in the process of manufacturing pencils are kilns, wood shapers, grinding mills, punch presses, extrusion presses and coating machines.  The wooden stock is cut and shaped as necessary.  The appropriate “lead” for the types of pencil being manufactured is added.  Metal eraser tips are stamped out on presses, fitted with rubber erasers and attached to the pencils.  Employers may stamp out erasers on presses or send pencils to other concerns to have erasers added.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Ballpoint or fountain pens, felt tip markers and mechanical pencils manufacturing.  Refer to Code 4432 “Fountain Pen Mfg.”  

Custom Clothing or Tailor Shop – Alterations – No Mass Mfg., Dry Cleaning or Laundering

Note:

No mass manufacturing of clothing.

Custom is defined as the fabrication of garments such as suits, dresses, shirts, pants and other similar garments that require taking measurements of individuals, cutting and sewing the fabric in accordance to the measurements and specifications of the individual customer.

This classification includes alterations and tailoring of garments received from customers regardless if the articles were custom manufactured or not by the same risk.

Description

Code 2503 applies to employers engaged in custom manufacturing clothing such as suits and dresses on a made to order basis for individuals.  Customers may be shown sketches, designs and fabrics.  Measurements are taken, materials are cut, draped and stitched, customers are fitted and refitted for approximate size and cut.  Materials may be further sewn together by hand or machine, trimmed, pressed and finished.  Custom made garments may be embroidered. 

Tailor shops that exclusively alter or repair garments for customers are also included under this classification and is not intended for risks that perform laundering or dry cleaning.

Assignment By Analogy

Weaving – mending or re-mending holes in clothing

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1.  Clothing manufacturing - mass producing.  Refer to Code 2501 "Clothing Mfg."

Cutlery Mfg. – NOC

Note:

Description

Code 3122 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing and sharpening knives such as table, carving, butcher, and pocket as well as straight razors.  Forged stock or strip steel, wood blocks, metal, plastic or prefabricated handles are received from outside sources.

Stainless steel is cut and shaped to specification on power presses, forged, and heat treated to harden the metal in ovens.  The metal is then tempered and ground, polished, buffed and sharpened.  Plastic or wood handles shaped by machine are then attached by riveting.  The incidental casting or molding of either metal or plastic in enlarging or bolstering the shank of the blades or to form handles also falls within the scope of this classification. In-shop repairs and sharpening of manual hedge trimmers by a tool sharpening service are inclusive under this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

• Letter openers – hand held – metal   
• Fencing swords

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Sharpening:
    1. Saws such as hacksaws, jig saws or hack saws.  Refer to Code 2710 “Saw Mill” 
    2. Tool bits.  Refer to Code 3113 “Tool Mfg. – NOC – Not Drop or Machine Forged.”

Dam or Lock Construction – Concrete Work – In Connection with Dams or Locks – All Types – All Operations to Completion & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 6017 applies to employers engaged in concrete work that is performed in connection with dams and locks.  This classification includes foundations or the making, setting up or taking down forms, scaffolds, falsework or concrete distribution apparatus.  In addition, it includes dam repair work.  This classification also contemplates temporary concrete batch plant operations at the construction job site when these batch plants are operated by the employer that is engaged in this classification’s construction operations.

Assignment By Analogy

Penstocks – water sluiceway construction – concrete

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Caisson work, cofferdam work or shaft sinking.  Refer to Code 6252 “Shaft Sinking – All Operations to Completion.”

  2. Earth moving or placing in connection with dams or locks – all types.  Refer to Code 6018 “Dam or Lock Construction – Earthmoving or Placing – In Connection with Dams or Locks – All Types – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  3. Tunneling - Pneumatic or Not pneumatic.  Refer to Code 6251 “Tunneling – All Operations to Completion.”

Dam or Lock Construction – Earthmoving or Placing – In Connection with Dams or Locks – All Types – All Operations to Completion & Drivers

Note:

With respect to non-pneumatic caisson or non-pneumatic cofferdam operations the appropriate caisson or cofferdam classification shall apply only to the construction, maintenance or removal of the caisson or cofferdam.

Description

Code 6018 is applicable to employers engaged in earthmoving and placing in connection with dam or lock construction.  This classification includes excavation, burrowing, filling, backfilling or grading operations only when performed in connection with dam or lock construction.  Machinery such as excavators, bulldozers, backhoes or graders are used to perform this operation.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Caisson work, cofferdam work or shaft sinking.  Refer to Code 6252 “Shaft Sinking – All Operations to Completion.”

  2. Concrete construction operations in connection with dam or lock construction.  Refer to Code 6017 “Dam or Lock Construction – Concrete Work – In Connection with Dams or Locks – All Types – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  3. Excavation – not in connection with dam or lock construction.  Refer to Code 6217 “Excavation – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  4. Tunneling - Pneumatic or Not Pneumatic.  Refer to Code 6251 “Tunneling – All Operations to Completion.”

Day Care Centers – Children – All Other Employees & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 9059 applies to nonprofessional employees of day care centers such as cooks or maintenance workers.

Assignment By Analogy

Pre-schools and nursery schools

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Professional employees of day care centers.  Refer to Code 8869 “Day Care Centers – Children – Professional Employees & Clerical, Salespersons.”

  2. Elementary schools that provide day care services at the same location.  Refer to Code 8868 “School or College – Professional Employees & Clerical.”

Day Care Centers – Children – Professional Employees & Clerical, Salespersons

Note:

Not applicable to elementary schools that provide day care services at the same location.

Description

Code 8869 applies to centers that offer day care services for children.  These centers predominantly provide day care for younger children with structured approach to learning social skills and early reading.  Activities include singing, dancing and storytelling.  Some facilities may also provide before and after-school care programs. Although the center may teach, instruct, and/or provide lessons for the children, the center is not the same as a traditional school

Employees assigned to this classification include but are not limited to teachers, salespersons, teachers’ aides, administrators and clerical employees.

Assignment By Analogy

Pre-Schools

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Elementary schools that provide day care services at the same location.  Refer to Code 8868 “School or College – Professional Employees & Clerical.”

  2. Drivers, cooks and maintenance personnel for day care centers.  Refer to Code 9059 “Day Care Centers – Children – All Other Employees & Drivers.”

Dental Laboratory

Note:

Description

Code 4692 applies to employers engaged in operating dental laboratories.  Dental laboratories manufacture teeth replacement dental appliances or enhancement products such as bridges, crowns and dentures, and orthodontic products such as braces and retainers.  According to a dentist’s prescription, these laboratories will custom make the above products.  Replacements are normally made to match a patient’s natural teeth color.

Raw materials such as plastics, acrylics, gold, waxes, alloys, porcelain, wire, steel, titanium, other natural minerals and man-made substances are used to make the actual dental replacements.  The lab technicians that manufacture the dental replacements use small hand tools, grinding and polishing equipment, burners, small furnaces and crafting instruments such as carvers and wax spatulas.  

The patient’s dentist will furnish the dental laboratory with impressions of the patient’s mouth that they have taken.  The dental laboratory will create a plaster model from the impression that the dentist provided.  Once the plaster model is cured, it will be placed on to an articulator for which the patient’ selection of teeth is attached with wax.  The wax is shaped and carved by the laboratory technician, set into a flask for which plaster is added to preserve the denture’s shape.  The wax needs to be removed from the flask which is done by putting the flask into boiling water.  If any of the wax remains, it will be washed away.  So that the acrylic does not stick to the plaster, a liquid separator is applied prior to the injection of the acrylic.  Acrylic is then ready to be injected into the flax.  When the acrylic cures, the plaster mold is broken away by the laboratory technician by means of special tools.  The dentures are washed in an ultrasonic bath to remove any miscellaneous fragments, trimmed and polished.  The completed dentures are sent to the dentist. The dentist will have their patients try on the dentures.  It may take more than one fitting to assure proper fit.  Any required adjustments to the dentures are performed by the dental laboratory. 

This classification also includes the repair of dentures by the dental laboratory.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Drug, medicine or pharmaceutical preparation – no manufacturing of ingredients.  Refer to Code 4611 “Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation – No Mfg. of Ingredients.”

 

Department Store – Retail

Note:

Includes installation of house furnishings and shall apply to each location of a risk at which all the following conditions exist:

  1. The payroll subject to this classification is at least $900,000 per annum.

  2. The merchandise handled must include:
    1. Wearing apparel
    2. Linen/Domestics
    3. House furnishings (other than furniture)
    4. Two or more of the following:
      1. Cosmetics
      2. Furniture
      3. Giftware
      4. Hardware
      5. Jewelry
      6. Luggage
      7. Sporting Goods
      8. Stationery
      9. Toys
  3. The total combined annual sales of items (2)(a), 2(b) and 2(c) above must exceed 50% of the total annual sales.  Also, the total annual sales of wearing apparel, jewelry and cosmetics must not exceed 80% of the total annual sales.

Description

Code 8039 applies to large retail stores, which are characterized by many separate departments, each selling a specific type of merchandise.  This classification includes making custom house furnishings such as draperies, slipcovers, and window shades.  It also covers the installation of house furnishings such as draperies and rods, slipcovers, window shades, venetian blinds, carpets, linoleum, and non-ceramic floor tiles.

If a department store has more than one location, each must meet all three of the conditions in the above note to qualify for this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. The installation (other than delivery) and the service or repair of household appliances such as television sets, refrigerators, washing machines and air conditioners.  Refer to Code 9519 “Household Appliances – Electrical – Installation, Service or Repair & Drivers.”

  2. Concessions in a department store are rated based on the operations performed by the concessionaire.  Assign the appropriate store classification.

Detective or Patrol Agency & Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 7723 applies to employers engaged in providing armored car service, watchmen, guards or patrol officers to safeguard property owned by others.  Operations involve patrolling grounds and the property of others.  Guards may or may not be armed and may be permitted to make an arrest in some cases.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Police officers, sheriffs, strike breakers and strike guards.  Refer to Code 7720 “Police Officers & Drivers.”

Developmental Organizations – All Employees & Salespersons, Drivers

Note:

Description

Code 8864 applies to charitable, welfare, or social service organizations that are engaged in providing services to individuals who are mentally, physically or emotionally challenged, troubled youth, children in crisis, abused persons, persons with financial and employment hardships, and individuals performing drug or alcohol related community service.  A broad range of services such as clinical, educational, counseling, meals on-site, vocational training and recreational are provided.  These organizations may have workshops to train individuals in various types of tasks to educate and prepare them for employment or future placement at residential facilities.

Employees assigned to this classification include but are not limited to counselors, resource and referral specialists, case managers who coordinate services of organizations to benefit an individual or family, volunteer coordinators, outside welfare workers, classroom teachers who teach or demonstrate in a classroom environment, cooks, drivers, housekeepers, laundry, security, and maintenance personnel, and medical professionals such as physicians and nurses. 

Assignment By Analogy

• Charitable or welfare organizations – blind – including workshop and store operations and collecting, reselling and reconditioning of used merchandise
• Missions – charitable or religious

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Group homes, halfway houses, temporary shelters and independent supportive living homes where no medical services are provided by nursing or medical personnel on staff.  Refer to Code 8865 “Alcohol or Drug Rehabilitation Facility – All Employees & Clerical.”

  2. Outpatient clinics in which the employer provides counseling services for clients with mental or substance abuse issues.  Refer to Code 8832 “Physician & Clerical.”

  3. Detoxification centers, alcoholic rehabilitation centers, and narcotic rehabilitation centers.  Refer to Code 8833 “Hospital – Professional Employees” and Code 9040 “Hospital – All Other Employees.”

Die Casting Mfg.

Note:

Shall not be assigned to a risk engaged in operations described by another classification unless the operations subject to Code 1925 are conducted as a separate and distinct business.

Description

Code 1925 applies to employers engaged in die casting.  Various alloys may be used in the manufacturing process such as aluminum, lead, zinc, nickel, tin, magnesium, white metal, chromium or copper.  Alloys are melted, injected into ingots by air or hydraulic pressure, then cooled to form.  Castings are ejected and cleaned by grinding and sanding.  Castings may be sold in a rough finished state, drilled and tapped, turned, milled, buffed, or polished.  The castings are inspected prior to shipment or delivery to the employer’s customers.

Assignment By Analogy

• Centrifugal casting     
• Figurine manufacturing – metal – die casting machine process

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Metal jig, fixture or die manufacturing for customers for use in their own manufacturing operations.  Refer to Code 3113 “Tool Mfg. – NOC – Not Drop or Machine Forged.”

  2. Manufacturing:

    1. Solder:
      1.  In paste and flux form.  Refer to Code 4597  “Paste, Ink (Writing) or Mucilage Mfg.”
      2.  In bars that are melted and poured.  Refer to Code 3085 “Foundry – Non-Ferrous.”
    2. Steel rule dies principally made for use by others for their own operations.  Refer to Code 2790 “Pattern Making – NOC.”

Diving – Marine – Program I

Note:

If both diving and construction work are performed at the same job by the same employee, no division of payroll is permitted, and the highest rated classification is used.

Description

Code 7394 applies to operations described in this scope that are conducted on waters subject to Admiralty jurisdiction.  Refer to Rule XII “Admiralty Law and the Federal Employers’ Liability Act” of this Manual for explanation of the Admiralty law and a description of Coverage Programs that pertain to this classification.

This classification includes divers and deck hands or other “diving tender” support personnel who assist in diving activities such as line handlers and pump persons.  Diving support personnel, be they located on a vessel or on shore, are included within the scope of this classification. 

This classification contemplates operations of companies engaged in cleaning oil spills, provided the clean-up activities are conducted on navigable waters.

Marine wrecking operations are within the scope of this classification.  A permanent yard maintained by a marine wrecking company is included under this classification. 

Additional operations to be included under this classification are underwater demolition experts, installers of underwater oil or gas flow lines from drilling rigs to production platforms, companies engaged in the prevention of oil spills from a berthed vessel prior to and during the unloading of oil, and diving activities in connection with sewer construction, underwater mining and sweeping operations.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. State Act Benefits under Program II for divers.  Refer to Code 7395 “Diving – Marine – Program II – State Act.” 

  2. USL Act Benefits under Program II for divers.  Refer to Code 7398 “Diving – Marine – Program II USL Act.”

Diving – Marine – Program II – State Act

Note:

If both diving and construction work are performed at the same job by the same employee, no division of payroll is permitted, and the highest rated classification is used.

Description

Code 7395 applies to operations described in this scope that are conducted on waters subject to Admiralty jurisdiction.  Refer to Rule XII “Admiralty Law and the Federal Employers’ Liability Act” of this Manual for explanation of the Admiralty law and a description of Coverage Programs that pertain to this classification.

This classification includes divers and deck hands or other “diving tender” support personnel who assist in diving activities such as line handlers and pump persons.  Diving support personnel, be they located on a vessel or on shore, are included within the scope of this classification. 

This classification contemplates operations of companies engaged in cleaning oil spills, provided the clean-up activities are conducted on navigable waters. 

Marine wrecking operations are within the scope of this classification.   A permanent yard maintained by a marine wrecking company is included under this classification. 

Additional operations to be included under this classification are underwater demolition experts; installers of underwater oil or gas flow lines from drilling rigs to production platforms; companies engaged in the prevention of oil spills from a berthed vessel prior to and during the unloading of oil; and diving activities in connection with sewer construction, underwater mining and sweeping operations. 

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Marine Program I for divers.  Refer to Code 7394 “Diving – Marine – Program I.” 

  2. USL Act Benefits under Program II for divers.  Refer to Code 7398 “Diving – Marine – Program II USL Act.”

Diving – Marine – Program II – USL Act

Note:

If both diving and construction work are performed at the same job by the same employee, no division of payroll is permitted, and the highest rated classification is used.

Description

Code 7398 applies to operations described in this scope that are conducted on waters subject to Admiralty jurisdiction.  Refer to Rule XII “Admiralty Law and the Federal Employers’ Liability Act” of this Manual for explanation of the Admiralty law and a description of Coverage Programs that pertain to this classification.

This classification includes divers and deck hands or other “diving tender” support personnel who assist in diving activities such as line handlers and pump persons.  Diving support personnel, be they located on a vessel or on shore, are included within the scope of this classification. 

This classification contemplates operations of companies engaged in cleaning oil spills, provided the clean-up activities are conducted on navigable waters.

Marine wrecking operations are within the scope of this classification.  A permanent yard maintained by a marine wrecking company is included under this classification. 

Additional operations to be included in this classification are underwater demolition experts, installers of underwater oil or gas flow lines from drilling rigs to production platforms, companies engaged in the prevention of oil spills from a berthed vessel prior to and during the unloading of oil, and diving activities in connection with sewer construction, underwater mining and sweeping operations. 

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Marine Program I for divers.  Refer to Code 7394 “Diving – Marine – Program I.”

  2. State Act Benefits under Program II for divers.  Refer to Code 7395 “Diving – Marine – Program II – State Act.”

Domestic Service Contractor – Inside

Note:

Description

Code 0917 applies to domestic service contractors engaged in furnishing employees under contract to perform domestic services inside customers’ residences.  This classification includes the operation of training schools.

Assignment By Analogy

Baby Sitter Service Agencies

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Domestic service contractors engaged in furnishing employees under contract for services performed outside of customers’ residences.  Planting or care of lawns, gardens, trees, shrubs and flowers, grass cutting, weed control, lawn spraying, laying out grounds, and tree spraying or fumigating on a contract basis at customers’ premises.  Refer to Code 0042 “Landscape Gardening – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  2. Domestic workers that are part-time performing duties inside the employer’s residence.  Refer to Code 0908 “Domestic Workers – Inside – Occasional.”

  3. Domestic workers that are part-time performing duties outside of the employer’s residence.  Refer to Code 0909 “Domestic Workers – Outside – Occasional – Including Occasional Chauffeurs.”

  4. Domestic workers that are full-time performing duties outside of the employer’s residence.  Refer to Code 0912 “Domestic Workers – Outside – Including Private Chauffeurs.”

  5. Domestic workers that are full-time performing duties inside the employer’s residence.  Refer to Code 0913 “Domestic Workers – Inside.”  

Domestic Workers – Inside

Note:

Applies to full-time domestic workers who are employed full-time.  Any domestic worker employed more than one-half the time of the customary full-time worker shall be assigned and rated as a full-time domestic worker.      

Code 0912 is a per capita classification.  Refer to Rule XIII Section (E)(4) of this Manual for further information and to Part Three – Loss Costs for the per capita loss cost.

Description

Code 0913 applies to domestic full-time workers whose duties are principally performed inside the employer’s residence.  Duties or professions consist of housekeeping, cooking, laundering, nannies, babysitters, maids, butlers, au pairs, companions, home health care aides, or nurses. 

This classification includes ordinary repair or maintenance of the employer’s premises or equipment.

Assignment By Analogy

Convent or Rectory – domestic workers

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Domestic service contractors engaged in furnishing employees under contract for domestic services performed inside customers’ residences including the operation of training schools.  Refer to Code 0917 “Domestic Service Contractor – Inside.”  

  2. Domestic service contractors engaged in furnishing employees under contract for services performed outside of customers’ residences.  Planting or care of lawns, gardens, trees, shrubs and flowers, grass cutting, weed control, lawn spraying, laying out grounds, and tree spraying or fumigating on a contract basis at customers’ premises.  Refer to Code 0042 “Landscape Gardening – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  3. Domestic workers that are part-time performing duties inside the employer’s residence.  Refer to Code 0908 “Domestic Workers – Inside – Occasional.”     

  4. Domestic workers that are part-time performing duties outside of the employer’s residence such as gardening including occasional private chauffeurs.  Refer to Code 0909 “Domestic Workers – Outside – Occasional – Including Occasional Chauffeurs.”

  5. Domestic workers that are full-time performing duties outside of the employer’s residence such as gardening and private chauffeuring.  Refer to Code 0912 “Domestic Workers – Outside – Including Private Chauffeurs.”  

  6. Home health care agencies providing private duty registered and licensed practical nurses, physical, speech and/or occupational therapists.  Refer to Code 8854 “Health Care Services – Medical or Other Professional Services – Traveling.”      

  7. Home health care agencies providing home health aides, personal care aides, and all other types of home aides and home support personnel such as homemakers, companions, and services to shut-ins involving shopping or assistance with personal grooming.  Refer to Code 9051 “Health Care Services – Daily Living Skills Services – Traveling.”  

Domestic Workers – Inside – Occasional

Note:

Occasional domestic workers are domestic workers who are employed part-time.  Any domestic worker employed more than one-half the time of the customary full-time worker shall be assigned and rated as a full-time domestic worker.   

Code 0908 is a per capita classification.  Refer to Rule XIII Section (E)(4) for further information and to  Part Three - Loss Costs for the per capita loss cost.

Description

Code 0908 applies to domestic part-time workers whose duties are principally performed inside the employer’s residence.  Duties or professions consist of housekeeping, cooking, laundering, nannies, babysitters, maids, butlers, au pairs, companions, home health care aides, or nurses.  This classification also includes ordinary repair or maintenance of the employer’s premises or equipment.  

Assignment By Analogy

Convent or rectory – domestic workers

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Domestic service contractors engaged in furnishing employees under contract for domestic services performed inside customers’ residences including the operation of training schools.   Refer to Code 0917 “Domestic Service Contractor – Inside.”  

  2. Domestic service contractors engaged in furnishing employees under contract for services performed outside of customers’ residences.  Planting or care of lawns, gardens, trees, shrubs and flowers, grass cutting, weed control, lawn spraying, laying out grounds, and tree spraying or fumigating on a contract basis at customers’ premises.  Refer to Code 0042 “Landscape Gardening – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  3. Domestic workers that are full-time performing duties inside the employer’s residence.  Refer to Code 0913 “Domestic Workers – Inside.” 

  4. Domestic workers that are full-time performing duties outside of the employer’s residence such as gardening and private chauffeuring.  Refer to Code 0912 “Domestic Workers – Outside – Including Private Chauffeurs.”  

  5. Domestic workers that work occasionally performing duties outside of the employer’s residence such as gardening and occasional private chauffeuring.  Refer to Code 0909 “Domestic Workers – Outside – Occasional – Including Occasional Chauffeurs.”

  6. Home health care agencies providing private duty registered and licensed practical nurses, physical, speech and/or   occupational therapists.  Refer to Code 8854 “Health Care Services – Medical or Other Professional Services – Traveling.” 

  7. Home health care agencies providing home health aides, personal care aides, and all other types of home aides and home support personnel such as homemakers, companions, and services to shut-ins involving shopping or assistance with personal grooming.  Refer to Code 9051 “Health Care Services – Daily Living Skills Services – Traveling.”    

 

Domestic Workers – Outside – Including Private Chauffeurs

Note:

Applies to full-time domestic workers who are employed full-time.  Any domestic worker employed more than one-half the time of the customary full-time worker shall be assigned and rated as a full-time domestic worker. 

If commercial farm operations are conducted, Codes 0909 “Domestic Workers – Outside – Occasional – Including Occasional Chauffeurs” and 0912 do not apply to any operations at the farm location.  Refer to the appropriate farm classification.    

Code 0912 is a per capita classification.  Refer to Rule XIII Section (E)(4) of this Manual for further information and to Part Three – Loss Costs for the per capita loss cost.       

Description

Code 0912 applies to domestic full-time workers whose duties are principally performed outside of the employer’s residence.  Duties consist of gardening at the employer’s residence and chauffeuring the employer to and from requested destinations.

This classification also includes ordinary repair or maintenance of the employer’s premises or equipment.

Assignment By Analogy

Chauffers’ driving cars of the private passenger type for commercial concerns for executive use.

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Domestic service contractors engaged in furnishing employees under contract for domestic services performed inside customers’ residences including the operation of training schools.  Refer to Code 0917 “Domestic Service Contractor – Inside.” 

  2. Domestic service contractors engaged in furnishing employees under contract for services performed outside of customers’ residences.  Planting or care of lawns, gardens, trees, shrubs and flowers, grass cutting, weed control, lawn spraying, laying out grounds, and tree spraying or fumigating on a contract basis at customers’ premises.  Refer to Code 0042 “Landscape Gardening – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  3. Domestic workers that are full-time performing duties inside the employer’s residence.  Refer to Code 0913 “Domestic Workers – Inside.”   

  4. Domestic workers that are employed part-time performing duties inside the employer’s residence.  Duties or professions consist of housekeeping, cooking, laundering, nannies, babysitters, maids, butlers, au pairs, companions, home health care aides, or nurses.  Refer to Code 0908 “Domestic Workers – Inside – Occasional.”

  5. Domestic workers that are employed part-time performing duties outside of the employer’s residence such as gardening including occasional private chauffeuring.  Refer to Code 0909 “Domestic Workers – Outside – Occasional – Including Occasional Chauffeurs.”

  6.  Home health care agencies providing private duty registered and licensed practical nurses, physical, speech and/or occupational therapists.  Refer to Code 8854 “Health Care Services – Medical or Other Professional Services – Traveling.”                   

  7. Home health care agencies providing home health aides, personal care aides, and all other types of home aides and home support personnel such as homemakers, companions and services to shut-ins involving shopping or assistance with personal grooming.  Refer to Code 9051 “Health Care Services – Daily Living Skills Services – Traveling.”   

 

Domestic Workers – Outside – Occasional – Including Occasional Chauffeurs

Note:

Occasional domestic workers are domestic workers who are employed part-time.  Any domestic worker employed more than one-half the time of the customary full-time worker shall be assigned and rated as a full-time domestic worker.

If commercial farm operations are conducted, Codes 0912 “Domestic Workers – Outside – Including Private Chauffeurs” and 0909 do not apply to any operations at the farm  location.  Refer to the appropriate farm classification.

Code 0909 is a per capita classification.  Refer to Rule XIII Section (E)(4) for further information and to Part Three – Loss Costs for the per capita loss cost.

Description

Code 0909 applies to domestic occasional workers whose duties are principally performed outside of the employer’s residence.  Duties consist of gardening at the employer’s residence and chauffeuring the employer to and from requested destinations.

This classification also includes ordinary repair or maintenance of the employer’s premises or equipment.

Assignment By Analogy

Babysitting

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Domestic service contractors engaged in furnishing employees under contract for domestic services performed inside customers’ residences including the operation of training schools.  Refer to Code 0917 “Domestic Service Contractor – Inside.”  

  2. Domestic service contractors engaged in furnishing employees under contract for services performed outside of customers’ residences.  Planting or care of lawns, gardens, trees, shrubs and flowers, grass cutting, weed control, lawn spraying, laying out grounds, and tree spraying or fumigating on a contract basis at customers’ premises.  Refer to Code 0042 “Landscape Gardening – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  3. Domestic workers that are full-time performing duties inside the employer’s residence.  Refer to Code 0913 “Domestic Workers – Inside.”   

  4. Domestic workers that are full-time performing duties outside of the employer’s residence such as gardening and private chauffeuring.  Refer to Code 0912 “Domestic Workers – Outside – Including Private Chauffeurs.”

  5. Domestic workers that are employed part-time performing duties inside the employer’s residence.  Duties or professions consist of housekeeping, cooking, laundering, nannies, babysitters, maids, butlers, au pairs, companions, home health care aides, or nurses.  Refer to Code 0908 “Domestic Workers – Inside – Occasional.”

  6. Home health care agencies providing private duty registered and licensed practical nurses, physical, speech and/or occupational therapists.  Refer to Code 8854 “Health Care Services – Medical or Other Professional Services – Traveling.”                

  7. Home health care agencies providing home health aides, personal care aides, and all other types of home aides and home support personnel such as homemakers, companions, and services to shut-ins involving shopping or assistance with personal grooming.  Refer to Code 9051 “Health Care Services – Daily Living Skills Services – Traveling.”

Door, Door Frame or Sash Erection – Metal or Metal Covered – All Operations to Completion

Note:

Description

Code 5102 applies to employers engaged in the erection or installation of metal or metal covered doors or door frames, including fireproof doors, elevator bucks, revolving or shower doors, tub enclosures and non-overhead type garage doors.  The operations include placement and securing by bolting, riveting or welding.  The doors may be trimmed for proper clearance, and latching mechanisms are installed. The replacement of existing doors may require the replacement of damaged or deteriorated sashes.

This classification includes erection of railings or fencing above the first story level.

Assignment By Analogy

Solar panel installation

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Installation or erection:
    1. Storm windows or doors.  Refer to Code 5428 “Storm Door, Storm Sash, Screens or Weather-Stripping Installation – All Operations to Completion.”
    2. Garage, overhead or roll-up doors including automatic opening devices.   Refer to Code 3724 “Machinery or Equipment Erection or Installation – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”
    3. Iron or steel balconies, fire escapes, fire proof shutters and staircases on the exterior of buildings and bridge roadway plates or grates.  Refer to Code 5040 “Iron or Steel Erection – Frame Structures – All Operations to Completion.”
    4. Railings or fencing on building exteriors from ground level and up to the first story.  Refer to Code 6400 “Fence Erection – Metal – All Operations to Completion.”
    5. Greenhouses.  Refer to Code 5402 “Greenhouse Erection – All Operations to Completion.”
    6. Architectural wood windows or doors.  Refer to Code 5429 “Cabinet Works Installation – All Operations to Completion.”
  2. Replacing broken window or glass.  Refer to Code 5462 “Glazier – Away From Shop – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  3. Electrical work associated with solar panel installation.  Refer to Code 5190 “Electrical Wiring – Within Buildings – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  4. Plumbing work associated with solar panel installation.  Refer to Code 5183 “Plumbing – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

Door, Door Frame or Sash Mfg. – Wood – Metal Covered

Note:

Description

Code 3060 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing metal covered wood core doors such as Kalamein, fire doors, steel doors and windows, window and door frames, sash and shutters.  The employer will use their own specifications or will use specifications provided by their customers.  Materials such as lumber, sheet metal, and hardware such as hinges, locks and doorknobs, are purchased from outside suppliers.  Prefabricated wood doors may also be received from outside suppliers or lumber is cut to size with the use of power machinery and secured to framing materials.  The sheet metal will also be cut to size with use of power machinery.  Depending on the sheet metal covered wood door, window or sash product type being manufactured and the employer’s fabrication technique, applying or adhering the sheet metal to the wood core product may involve gluing, drilling, bending, snapping, welding or bolting.  After the doors have been fabricated, hardware such as hinges, locks, doorknobs are added to the doors for completion.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Architectural wood windows, cabinets, or doors.  Refer to Code 2817 “Cabinet Works – NOC – With Power Machinery.”
    2. Doors, windows, window or door frames (sash), screens, shutters or other wooden assembled millwork.  Refer to Code 2737 “Door, Sash or Assembled Millwork Mfg. & Drivers.”   
    3. Fireproof all metal windows or doors, aluminum doors, storm and screen framed metal doors, garage doors including overhead doors, kickplates, and sheet metal frames for revolving doors.  In addition, shower door fabrication of metal frames and assembling with glass or plastic panels.  Refer to Code 3076 “Fireproof Equipment Mfg.”
    4. Hollow bronze door.  Refer to Code 3041 “Iron or Steel Fabrication – Iron or Steel Works – Shop – Decorative or Artistic & Foundries, Drivers.”

Door, Sash or Assembled Millwork Mfg. & Drivers

Note:

Code 2737 and Code 2731 “Planing or Molding Mill” or Code 2802 “Carpentry – Shop Only & Drivers” shall not be assigned to the same employer unless the operations described by these classifications are conducted as separate and distinct businesses.  Where an employer deals in any lumber or building materials or in any fuel and materials in addition to products manufactured, all storage or yard operations and all drivers shall be assigned to the appropriate yard or dealer classification.

Code 2802 “Carpentry – Shop Only & Drivers” is not available for division of payroll with Code 2731 “Planing or Molding Mill” or Code 2737.

Description

Code 2737 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing assembled wooden millwork products such as windows, doors, window and door frames, screens and shutters.

This classification includes dressing of rough lumber by planing, purchasing dressed lumber to be machined and assembled, and repairs in-shop. 

Incidental finishing such as glazing, painting, staining or varnishing are inclusive under this classification.  However, millwork products are usually shipped in the raw wood state or only prime coated.

This classification also includes repair in shop of wood framed storm and screen doors, combination screen and storm wood windows, wood replacement windows and wooden framed window screens.

Assignment By Analogy

Floors - portable wooden

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. When an employer’s operations are subject to Code 2737 and the employer also deals in any lumber, building materials or fuel, in addition to the millwork products it has manufactured, all yard, storage and delivery operations are assigned to either Code 8232 “Building Material Dealer– No Second-Hand Material & Local Managers, Drivers,” or Code 8235 “Door, Sash or Finished Millwork Dealer & Drivers,” depending upon whether the products handled in the yard are principally of the type described by Code 8232, or Code 8235.  Refer to Code 8232 “Building Material Dealer – No Second-Hand Material & Local Managers, Drivers” and Code 8235 “Door, Sash or Finished Millwork Dealer & Drivers.”     

  2. Furniture assembly – wood or metal – from purchased manufactured furniture parts.  Refer to Code 2881 “Furniture Assembly – Wood – From Manufactured Parts.”   

  3. Manufacturing:
    1. Architectural wood windows or doors.  Refer to Code 2817 “Cabinet Works – NOC – With Power Machinery.”    
    2. Barrel parts.  Refer to Code 2710 “Saw Mill.”
      1. Subsequent barrel assembly operations.  Refer to Code 2759.  “Box or Box Shook Mfg.”
    3. Furniture manufacturing from furniture parts that are machined by the same employer.  Furniture parts – unassembled.  Refer to Code 2883 “Furniture Mfg. – NOC – Wood.”
    4. Kitchen or display cabinets.  Refer to Code 2817” Cabinet Works – NOC – With Power Machinery.”
    5. Pallets or skids – wooden.  Prefabricated wooden buildings or building parts such as roof trusses or wall sections.  Refer to Code 2802 “Carpentry – Shop Only & Drivers.” 
    6. Veneer or plywood.  Refer to Code 2714 “Veneer Mfg.”
    7. Windows or doors:
      1.  Made of metal.  Refer to Code 3076 “Fireproof Equipment Mfg.”
      2.  Made of wood covered with metal.  Refer to Code 3060 “Door, Door Frame or Sash Mfg. – Wood – Metal Covered.”
    8. Wooden crates, boxes or box parts.  Refer to Code 2759 “Box or Box Shook Mfg.”
  4. Dressed lumber, flooring and unassembled millwork.  Refer to Code 2731 “Planing or Molding Mill.” If an employer is engaged in the manufacturing of both assembled and unassembled millwork either Code 2737 “Door, Sash or Assembled Millwork Mfg. & Drivers” or Code 2731 “Planing or Molding Mill” may be assigned depending on the principal products being manufactured by the employer.

Door, Sash or Finished Millwork Dealer & Drivers

Note:

Applicable to concerns dealing principally in such finished millwork as doors, frames, sash, screens, columns, paneling, cupboards, mantels, finished flooring or furniture such as kitchen cabinets, ironing boards, breakfast sets, window seats, wall cabinets or cases with or without such items as moldings, stair trim baseboards or shelving, but with no other lumber or building materials except in limited quantities as an accommodation. 

Includes the assembling of finished parts or glazing of products received from other concerns and the cutting down of standard stock sizes to special sizes, but not the assembling or glazing of items manufactured by the employer.  This classification is not available for division of payroll with Code 8232 “Building Material Dealer – No Second-Hand Material & Local Managers, Drivers.”

Description

Code 8235 applies to employers engaged exclusively in buying, selling, and distributing sash, doors, or finished millwork.  These products are typically made from wood or lightweight metal such as aluminum.  Such operations may include incidental sale of associated hardware and other items related to the sale of millwork. 

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Employers that do not deal exclusively in kitchen cabinets and other assembled millwork products.  Refer to Code 8017  “Retail Store – NOC – No Service of Food,” Code 8018 “Wholesale Store – NOC,” or Code 8044 “Furniture Store – Wholesale or Retail & Drivers.”

  2. Minor amount of kitchen cabinet and other assembled millwork products.  Refer to Code 8044 “Furniture Store – Wholesale or Retail & Drivers.”

Dredging – All Types – Program I

Note:

Description

Code 7333 applies to operations described in this scope that are conducted on waters subject to Admiralty jurisdiction.  Refer to Rule XII “Admiralty Law and the Federal Employers’ Liability Act” of this Manual for explanation of the Admiralty law and a description of Coverage Programs that pertain to this classification.

Dredging operations involve the cleaning, deepening or widening of a body of water.  Scooping or suction machinery is generally employed in the dredging process to remove sand, clay, mud or other material from the body of water that is being dredged.

This classification is assigned to the crew of the dredge, the pontoon crew, the shoreline crew as well as any employees who are on the shore distributing the discharged material while the dredge is operating in the area.  It includes the maintenance and repair of the dredge and its equipment by employees of the employer, regardless of whether such maintenance and repair are done at the location of the dredging work or when the dredge is pulled out of the water for hull repair by ship repairing contractors.

Assignment By Analogy

Cleaning services on water – oil spills

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Dredging – All Types.  Program II – State Act Benefits.  Cleaning services on water – oil spills.  Refer to Code 7335 “Dredging – All Types – Program II – State Act.”

  2. Dredging – All Types.  Program II – USL Act Benefits.  Cleaning services on water – oil spills. Refer to Code 7337 “Dredging – All Types – Program II – USL Act.”

Dredging – All Types – Program II – State Act

Note:

Description

Code 7335 applies to operations described in this scope that are conducted on waters subject to Admiralty jurisdiction.  Refer to Rule XII “Admiralty Law and the Federal Employers’ Liability Act” of this Manual for explanation of the Admiralty law and a description of Coverage Programs that pertain to this classification.

Dredging operations involve the cleaning, deepening or widening of a body of water.  Scooping or suction machinery is generally employed in the dredging process to remove sand, clay, mud or other material from the body of water that is being dredged.

This classification is assigned to the crew of the dredge, the pontoon crew, the shoreline crew as well as any employees who are on the shore distributing the discharged material while the dredge is operating in the area.  It includes the maintenance and repair of the dredge and its equipment by employees of the employer, regardless of whether such maintenance and repair are done at the location of the dredging work or when the dredge is pulled out of the water for hull repair by ship repairing contractors.

Assignment By Analogy

Cleaning services on water – oil spills

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Dredging – All Types.  Program II – USL Act Benefits.  Cleaning services on water – oil spills.  Refer to Code 7337 “Dredging – All Types – Program II – USL Act.”

  2. Dredging – All Types.  Program I.  Cleaning services on water – oil spills.  Refer to Code 7333 “Dredging – All Types – Program I.”

Dredging – All Types – Program II – USL Act

Note:

Description

Code 7337 applies to operations described in this scope that are conducted on waters subject to Admiralty jurisdiction.  Refer to Rule XII “Admiralty Law and the Federal Employers’ Liability Act” of this Manual for explanation of the Admiralty law and a description of Coverage Programs that pertain to this classification.

Dredging operations involve the cleaning, deepening or widening of a body of water.  Scooping or suction machinery is generally employed in the dredging process to remove sand, clay, mud or other material from the body of water that is being dredged.

This classification is assigned to the crew of the dredge, the pontoon crew, the shoreline crew as well as any employees who are on the shore distributing the discharged material while the dredge is operating in the area.  It includes the maintenance and repair of the dredge and its equipment by employees of the employer, regardless of whether such maintenance and repair are done at the location of the dredging work or when the dredge is pulled out of the water for hull repair by ship repairing contractors.

Assignment By Analogy

Cleaning services on water – oil spills

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Dredging – All Types.  Program II – State Act Benefits.  Cleaning services on water – oil spills.  Refer to Code 7335 “Dredging – All Types – Program II – State Act.”

  2. Dredging – All Types.  Program I – USL Act Benefits.  Cleaning services on water – oil spills.  Refer to Code 7333 “Dredging – All Types – Program I.”

Dress Pattern Mfg. – Paper

Note:

Includes designers, drafting employees and cutters.
                
Shall not be assigned to an employer engaged in operations described by another classification unless the operations subject to Code 4282 are conducted as a separate and distinct business.

Description

Code 4282 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing cardboard or paper dress patterns, paper coats, paper dresses, shoe or boot patterns and music rolls for player pianos.  Raw materials purchased and used are rolled paper, pattern paper, grading paper, sheet cardboard, plastic pellets, boxes and labels.

Manufacturing process includes drawing and designing different styles, transferring by cutting and putting on cardboard masters used as the model for tissue patterns, printing lines, letters for pattern parts, instructions for pattern parts and envelopes.  For music roll manufacturing there is a special piano used for printing music by pencil or rolls of paper indicating music composition.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Pattern making:
    1. Embroidery works – textiles printed with design.  Refer to Code 2553 “Furnishing Goods Mfg. – NOC – From Textile Fabrics.”
    2. Industrial – models or prototypes.  Refer to Code 2790 “Pattern Making – NOC.”  

Drilling – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers

Note:

Shall not be assigned at a single job or location to a risk engaged in operations described by another classification.

Description

Code 6204 applies to specialty contractors engaged in drilling work.  This classification contemplates all types of drilling, except drilling related to oil or gas wells or drilling underground mines.  This classification is not applicable to the drilling of exploratory holes pursuant to oil or gas exploration.

This classification applies to water well drilling, exploratory core drilling to determine the characteristics of ground strata, which will subsequently support a foundation of a structure, drilling of holes in rock for shot holes, drilling of holes for lag bolts to anchor sills of building, discretional drilling, and drilling of holes in concrete or masonry walls, floors, etc., within buildings when performed by specialist drillers.  This classification is not applicable to nondrilling trades such as electricians, plumbers, etc. who will drill through wood or metal studs, etc. as part of performing their jobs.

Assignment By Analogy

• Artesian well drilling
• Borings test – foundation exploration
• Gas equipment and supplies operating – new

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Excavation.  Refer to Code 6217 “Excavation – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  2. Oil or gas well drilling or redrilling.  Refer to Code 6235 “Oil or Gas Well – Drilling or Redrilling – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  3. Seismic geographical exploration.  Refer to Code 5508 “Excavation – Rock – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

Drivers, Chauffeurs and Their Helpers – NOC – Commercial

Note:

Code 7380 is subject to the Standard Exception Manual Rule IV – Classifications of this Manual.  This classification is not available for division of payroll.

Description

Code 7380 applies to employees engaged performing duties for the employer principally on or in connection with a vehicle or bicycle.

Assignment By Analogy

• Bookmobile drivers
• Hand truck delivery
• Traveling kiddie rides
• Medical equipment delivery and set up

Operations To Be Separately Rated

Drug Store – Wholesale

Note:

Description

Code 8047 applies to stores which are principally engaged in the wholesale distribution of drugs, medicines and pharmaceutical ingredients used for the compounding and dispensing of prescriptions.

In addition, such stores perform, as a minor and incidental operation, the selling of other merchandise such as cosmetics, hair preparations, combs, brushes, toothpaste, mouthwash, deodorants, disinfectants, soap, shampoo, baby products, bandages, dressings, cotton, fever thermometers, heating pads, vaporizers, sterilizers, elastic stockings, abdominal supports, splints, rubber water bottles, ice caps and shower caps.

Assignment By Analogy

• Animal pharmaceuticals – livestock – including manufacturing of ingredients and no manufacturing of ingredients
• Grinding and mixing drugs with no manufacturing of ingredients
• Pharmacies, pharmaceutical preparation and medicine – including manufacturing of ingredients and no manufacturing of ingredients

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Wholesale stores which are principally engaged in selling miscellaneous merchandise described above, and which also sell a minor amount of medicines and drugs.  Refer to Code 8018 “Wholesale Store – NOC.”
     

Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation – No Mfg. of Ingredients

Note:

Applies to compounding, blending or packing operations only.

Code 4611 and Code 4825 “Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation Mfg. – Includes Mfg. of Ingredients,” Code 4828 “Chemical Blending or Mixing – NOC – All Operations & Drivers,” or Code 4829 “Chemical Mfg. – NOC – All Operations & Drivers” shall not be assigned to the same employer unless the operations described by these classifications are conducted as separate and distinct businesses.    

Description

Code 4611  applies to employers engaged in preparation of drugs, medicines and pharmaceuticals from purchased ingredients.  This classification does not include manufacturing of any of the ingredients.  The ingredients including other miscellaneous ingredients such as sugars, starches, oils, extracts, flavorings and colorings are purchased from outside suppliers.  The purchased ingredients are mixed by hand or machine and blended according to specific formulas, provided no chemical processes are involved.  Some mixtures may be blended to formula with or without heat to make certain medicine or drug preparations.  Other types of preparations include the making of pills, tablets or capsules.

This classification also applies to employers engaged in manufacturing, packaging and labeling patent drugs, medicines, powders, toothpaste, shampoos, perfume, cosmetics, ointments and shaving cream, provided that no ingredients are manufactured by the employer.

This classification is also applicable to packaging and repackaging medicines, drugs and pharmaceutical preparations manufactured by others.

 

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Chemical.  If conducted as a separate and distinct business from Code 4611 operations.  Refer to Code 4829 “Chemical Mfg. – NOC – All Operations & Drivers.”
    2. Drug, medicine or pharmaceutical preparation.  If conducted as a separate and distinct business from Code 4611 operations.  Refer to Code 4825 “Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation Mfg. – Includes Mfg. of Ingredients.”
    3. Essential oils.  Refer to Code 4628 “Extract Mfg.”
    4. Pharmaceutical or surgical goods such as adhesive bandages, absorbent cotton and pharmaceutical appliances.  Refer to Code 4693 “Pharmaceutical or Surgical Goods Mfg. – NOC.”

 

Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation Mfg. – Includes Mfg. of Ingredients

Note:

Code 4825 and Code 4611 “Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation – No Mfg. of Ingredients,” Code 4828 “Chemical Blending or Mixing – NOC – All Operations & Drivers” or Code 4829 “Chemical Mfg. – NOC – All Operations & Drivers,” shall not be assigned to the same employer unless the operations described by these classifications are conducted as separate and distinct businesses.

Description

Code 4825 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing drugs, medicines, pharmaceuticals and other products including the manufacturing of ingredients used to manufacture these products.  Depending on the product the employer is manufacturing, raw materials may vary.   Some ingredients such as colorings, oils, binders, extracts and flavorings may be purchased from others or manufactured by the employer.  The manufacturing aspect of the operations may consist of distilling, cooking, heating, separating, pulverizing, screening, compounding, liquefying, drying, integrating, blending or mixing.

For an employer to be subject to this classification, an employer must manufacture drugs, medicines and pharmaceuticals.  If an employer is engaged in purchasing ingredients and is only engaged in compounding, blending or packaging operations, refer to the interpretations for Code 4611 “Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation – No Mfg. of Ingredients” for a complete description of this operation.

Assignment By Analogy

• Alcohol – rubbing
• Capsules – gelatin
• Cosmetics – (make-up) – eyeshadow, face powder, lipstick, mascara

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Chemical if conducted as a separate and distinct business from Code 4825 operations.  Refer to Code 4829 “Chemical Mfg. – NOC – All Operations & Drivers.”
    2. Essential oil.  Refer to Code 4628 “Extract Mfg.”
    3. Pharmaceutical or surgical goods such as adhesive bandages, absorbent cotton and pharmaceutical appliances.  Refer to Code 4693 “Pharmaceutical or Surgical Goods Mfg. – NOC.” 
  2. Bottling – gel, hair spray, mousse, nail polish, perfumes, shampoo or vitamins and minerals – no manufacturing of ingredients.  Refer to Code 4611 “Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation – No Mfg. of Ingredients.”

  3. Chemical blending or mixing – NOC.  If conducted as a separate and distinct business from Code 4825 operations.  Refer to Code 4828 “Chemical Blending or Mixing – NOC – All Operations & Drivers.”

  4. Drug, medicine or pharmaceutical preparation – no manufacturing of ingredients.  If conducted as a separate and distinct business from Code 4825 operations.  Refer to Code 4611 “Drug, Medicine or Pharmaceutical Preparation – No Mfg. of Ingredients.”

Dry Cleaning or Laundry – Commercial & Route Salespersons, Drivers

Note:

Includes incidental alterations and pressing of items.

Description

Code 2591 applies to employers engaged in providing dry cleaning or laundry services principally for commercial customers.  Business owned garments such as uniforms, aprons, towels, linens or curtains are picked up and brought to employers’ facilities where they are dry cleaned, laundered, pressed and/or ironed.  Items are tagged, washed, dried, folded or dry cleaned, and bagged and picked up or delivered.

This classification also applies to facilities which may offer dry cleaning or laundering services to private individuals as long as services are principally to commercial customers.

Alterations of garments by a tailor is also subject to this classification when the location is principally engaged in laundering or dry cleaning for commercial concerns.

Assignment By Analogy

Cleaning or dyeing garments

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Carpet, upholstery or rug cleaning – shop or outside.  Refer to Code 2593 “Carpet, Rug or Upholstery Cleaning – Shop or Outside & Route Salespersons, Drivers.”

  2. Coin operated laundries self-service stores, laundry or dry-cleaning collection or distribution stores – no dry cleaning or laundering at the same location.  Refer to Code 8017 “Retail Store – NOC – No Service of Food.”

  3. Laundering or dry cleaning for retail customers. Refer to Code 2590 “Dry Cleaning or Laundry – Retail & Route Salespersons, Drivers.”

  4. Tailoring or alterations when performed by a custom clothing or tailor shop regardless if the articles were custom manufactured or not by the same employer. Refer to Code 2503 “Custom Clothing or Tailor Shop – Alterations – No Mass Mfg., Dry Cleaning or Laundering.”

  5. Towel, linen, uniform, apron or diaper rental including laundering.  Refer to Code 2594 “Linen, Towel, Uniform or Apron Rental and Cleaning Company & Route Salespersons & Drivers.”

  6. Towel, linen, uniform, apron or diaper rental – no laundering at the same location.  Refer to Code 8032 “Clothing or Wearing Apparel Store – Wholesale.”

Dry Cleaning or Laundry – Retail & Route Salespersons, Drivers

Note:

Includes incidental alterations and pressing of items.

Description

Code 2590 applies to employers engaged in providing dry cleaning or laundry services principally to individuals.  Clothing may be left with attendants who perform dry cleaning or laundering of customers goods such as garments, linens and other household products.  Items are tagged, washed, dried, folded or dry cleaned, folded and bagged awaiting customer pick-up.  Pick-up and delivery services may be available.

This classification also applies to coin-operated self-service laundromats that provide laundering services.

Alterations of garments by a tailor is also subject to this classification when the location is engaged in laundering or dry cleaning.

Assignment By Analogy

• Fur and fur products - cloting - cleaning, tumbling, glazing, combing, ironing and storage of fur and garments
• Cleaning or dyeing garments

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Carpet, upholstery or rug cleaning – shop or outside. Refer to Code 2593 “Carpet, Rug or Upholstery Cleaning – Shop or Outside & Route Salespersons, Drivers.”

  2. Coin operated laundries self-service stores, laundry or dry-cleaning collection or distribution stores – no dry cleaning or laundering at the same location.  Refer to Code 8017 “Retail Store – NOC – No Service of Food.”

  3. Laundering or dry cleaning performed principally for commercial customers. Refer to Code 2591 “Dry Cleaning or Laundry – Commercial & Route Salespersons, Drivers.”

  4. Tailoring or alterations when performed by a custom clothing or tailor shop regardless if the articles were custom manufactured or not by the same employer.  Refer to Code 2503 “Custom Clothing or Tailor Shop – Alterations – No Mass Mfg., Dry Cleaning or Laundering.”

  5. Towel, linen, uniform, apron or diaper rental including laundering. Refer to Code 2594 “Linen, Towel, Uniform or Apron Rental and Cleaning Company & Route Salespersons & Drivers.”

  6. Towel, linen, uniform, apron or diaper rental – no laundering at the same location.; Refer to Code 8032 “Clothing or Wearing Apparel Store – Wholesale.”

Electric Light or Power Co. – All Employees & Drivers

Note:

Includes store employees.

Description

Code 7539 applies to employers engaged in operations of electric light or power companies.  This classification applies to all employees such as pay loaders and crane operators, control room employees, utility line maintenance and repair workers are also included in the scope of this classification.  Employers may employ field engineers to maintain and erect utility poles, trim tree limbs for right of ways, stringing of electrical cables, excavating and laying down of underground cables, installation and repair of electric power hardware such as circuit breakers and transformers.

Assignment By Analogy

• Atomic energy power stations operation
• Steam heating or power company        
• Traffic signal light installation and maintenance by electric light or power company

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Clearing right of ways, erecting poles or towers – with or without lines by contractors.  Refer to Code 7538 “Electric Light or Power Line Construction – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

Electric Light or Power Line Construction – All Operations to Completion & Drivers

Note:

Code 7538 is not available for division of payroll with Code 7539 “Electric Light or Power Co. – All Employees & Drivers.”

Description

Code 7538 applies to employers engaged in electric light or power line construction.  This classification contemplates all work normal and incidental to the construction of electric light or power lines when undertaken by a contractor at a particular job or location.  This classification includes the setting of poles or towers including the excavation and concrete work incidental to such tower work, the overhead stringing of high-tension wires or cables and the installation of circuit breakers and transformers on poles or towers.  This classification is applicable to these operations whether the operations are performed by separate crews at separate time intervals or by single crews that engage in all aspects of electric light or power line construction operations.

In the event an employer contracts to erect electric light or power lines at a job or location and sublets a portion of the work, the employer is considered to be in the electric light or power line construction business.  This classification is applicable to any work performed in connection with electric light or power line construction operations performed by the contractor at the job or location.

In the event that a contractor engages in overhead and below ground cable or line installation, and the underground cable is laid manually, this classification is applicable to both operations.  The clearing of rights-of-way by contractors who also engage in electric light or power line construction is inclusive under this classification.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Contractors engaged in cable installation, overhead, street line or underground manually exclusively – not in connection with electric light or power line construction.  Refer to Code 7601 “Telephone, Telegraph or Fire Alarm Line Construction – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  2. Electric light or power company.  Refer to Code 7539 “Electric Light or Power Co. – All Employees & Drivers.”

Electric Lighting Fixture, Lantern or Lamp Mfg. – All Other Operations

Note:

Code 3191 and Code 3190 “Electric Lighting Fixture, Lantern or Lamp Mfg. – Assembly & Finishing” are basically companion classification codes and are only to be assigned to the same employer if an employer is performing both operations.

Code 3190 cannot be assigned if the employer is engaged in fabricating only the parts for electric lighting fixtures, lanterns or lamps and does not assemble these parts into completed electrical fixtures, lanterns or lamps. 
      

Description

Code 3191 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing electric lighting fixtures, lamps or lantern parts that are used in Code 3190 “Electric Lighting Fixture, Lantern or Lamp Mfg. – Assembly & Finishing” operations.  Manufacturing operations include stamping, forming, shaping, casting, spinning, machining, etc. of the raw materials used which may include metal, plastic, wood, glass, marble, plaster or other materials.

Assignment By Analogy

• Floodlights or searchlights parts – free standing or wall mounted type – by shops that also engage in assembly operations
• Gas lighting fixtures, lanterns or lamps parts – by shops that also engage in assembly operations   
• Lamps including table or floor – lanterns parts – by shops that also engage in assembly operations

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Aluminum parts manufacturing.  Refer to Code 3227 “Aluminum Ware Mfg.”

  2. Hand decorating and firing of lamp bases.  Refer to Code 4352 “Engraving.”

Electric Lighting Fixture, Lantern or Lamp Mfg. – Assembly & Finishing

Note:

Code 3190 and Code 3191 “Electric Lighting Fixture, Lantern or Lamp Mfg. – All Other Operations” are basically companion classifications and are only to be assigned to the same employee if an employer is performing both operations.  However, Code 3190 can also be assigned without Code 3191 if the employer receives or purchases electric lighting fixture, lantern or lamp parts from others and assembles the parts into completed electric  fixtures, lanterns or lamps.

Description

Code 3190 applies to employers engaged in assembling electric lighting fixtures, lamps or lanterns from parts manufactured by others.  This classification does not include manufacturing electric lighting fixtures, lamps or lantern parts.  However, if the employer also manufactures the parts in addition to assembly operations, Code 3191 “Electric Lighting Fixture, Lantern or Lamp Mfg. – All Other Operations” shall also apply.  
  
The lamp, lantern or lighting fixture parts such as metal housings, sockets, covers, ballasts, circuit boards, switches, lamp bases, glass parts, chandelier parts, plugs, wiring or other electrical parts are assembled with screws, locknuts, washers or may be welded or soldered together depending on the type of process and type of electric lighting fixture that is being assembled.   
 
This classification includes finishing operations such as plastering, polishing, painting or lacquering.

Assignment By Analogy

• Gas lighting fixtures, lanterns or lamps   
• Lamps including table or floor – lanterns   

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Hand decorating and firing of lamp bases.  Refer to Code 4352 “Engraving.”

Electric Power or Transmission Equipment Mfg.

Note:

Code 3643 and Code 3179 “Electrical Apparatus Mfg. – NOC” shall not be assigned to the same employer unless the operations described by these classifications are conducted as separate and distinct businesses.

Description

Code 3643 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing or repairing motors over 1hp, electric industrial generators, converters, transformers, switchboards, circuit breakers, switches or switchboard apparatus or incidental equipment on the premises of the employer.  The employer may receive specifications from their customer’s and will fabricate in accordance to such specifications given by their customers.  Raw materials such as steel and copper sheets, terminal collectors, solder, copper wire, lacquer, varnish and spray paint are purchased from outside suppliers.  Sheet steel is cut to size, stamped, punched and trimmed.  For transformers, copper wire is used for winding around the core to produce the transformer coil.  The transformer coil is dipped in varnish or may be sprayed and then baked.  The components are then assembled to the frame and connections are soldered.  Finishing processes may include spray painting, testing and, inspecting.  The finished manufactured products are packed and shipped to the employer’s customers.

Assignment By Analogy

Sewing machine motors – for commercial machines

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Circuit breakers, fans, switches and transformers – (bell type) manufacturing.  Refer to Code 3179 “Electrical Apparatus Mfg. – NOC.” 

Electrical Apparatus Mfg. – NOC

Note:

Includes electrical fixtures or appliances.  Code 3179 and Code 3643 “Electric Power or Transmission Equipment Mfg.” shall not be assigned to the same employer unless operations described by these classifications are conducted as separate and distinct businesses.   

Description

Code 3179 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing wired electrical products, appliances, fixtures, electrical hardware, floor cleaning equipment, portable hand tools and electrical parts that are not described by more specific classifications.

The basic operations of this classification involve the manufacturing and assembly of motors, casings and other metal parts required for these products.  This classification includes the incidental manufacturing of plastic components but does not include the manufacturing of porcelain parts. This classification also applies to assembling products from such components manufactured by other concerns.

Some specific types of products that fall within the scope of this classification are household electrical appliances such as barbeque grills, blenders, broilers, can openers, coffee brewers or grinders, deep fryers, food or meat grinders, garbage compactors, microwaves, toasters, convection ovens, household sewing machines and floor cleaning equipment.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Electric table and floor lamps or lighting fixtures.  Refer to Code 3190 “Electric Lighting Fixture, Lantern or Lamp Mfg. – Assembly & Finishing” and Code 3191 “Electric Lighting Fixture, Lantern or Lamp Mfg. – All Other Operations.”
    2. Electrical apparatus or equipment of the industrial type for the generation or transmission of electrical energy such as motors (over 1 H. P.), generators, transformers, switchboards, circuit breakers and converters.  Refer to Code 3643 “Electric Power or Transmission Equipment Mfg.”
    3. Office machines, such as dictating machines, calculators, adding machines, computers and data processing machines.  Refer to Code 3574 “Office, Computing or Recording Machine Mfg. – NOC.”
    4. Television sets, audio equipment, communication equipment and their components.  Refer to Code 3681 “Television, Radio, Telephone or Telecommunication Device Mfg. – NOC.”
    5. Sewing machines – commercial. Refer to Code 3632 “Machine Shop – NOC.”
    6. Sewing machine attachments only. Refer to Code 3113 “Tool Mfg. – NOC – Not Drop or Machine Forged.”
  2. Repair of household sewing machines. Refer to Code 9519 “Household Appliances – Electrical – Installation, Service or Repair & Drivers.”

Electrical Wiring – Within Buildings – All Operations to Completion & Drivers

Note:

Includes installation or repair of fixtures or appliances.

Description

Code 5190 applies to employers engaged in installing of electrical wiring systems within buildings.  Wiring may be hung on insulators or encased in flexible or rigid conduits, armored cable, etc.  This classification also applies to the installation of small electrical fixtures such as plugs, fuses or snap switches.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Installation of electrical machinery or auxiliary apparatus.  Refer to Code 3724 “Machinery or Equipment Erection or Installation – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers."

Electroplating

Note:

Shall not be assigned to an employer engaged in operations described by another classification unless the operations subject to Code 3372 are conducted as a separate and distinct business.   Includes incidental manufacturing of tin or tin compounds.   

Description

Code 3372 applies to employers engaged in processing placing a metallic coat on metals using electrolysis.  Nickel, copper, tin, gold, and chromium are used to coat the metals.  The metal to be plated is dipped into a tank which contains the proper mixture solution.  Then an electrical charge is passed through this solution, thus creating a coating on the metal.

This classification also contemplates chemical milling where metal articles are immersed in tanks containing a caustic alkali solution without the use of an electrical charge.  This places a protective coating on the metal.  

This classification also applies to employers engaged in recovering or reclaiming tin from tin plate scrap.  The types of detinning methods are by chemical process, chlorinating, electrolysis, galvanizing or tinning – not by electrolytic process and electrolysis.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Annealing and tinning wire by employers engaged in wire drawing.  Refer to Code 1924 “Wire Drawing or Cable Mfg. – Not Iron or Steel” and Code 3241 “Wire Drawing – Iron or Steel.”

Elevator Erection or Repair – All Operations to Completion

Note:

Description

Code 5160 applies to employers engaged in installation, service and repair of elevators and escalators.  Employers may also install electrical equipment and cabling connected to the elevator installation operations.  An outside rigger is used to place the elevator in the existing shaft.  New cables are attached to the pulley wheels and the motor is connected to the power source.  After the installation is completed, the elevator is tested and adjusted for safe and proper operation.
 
This classification also contemplates the service and repair of elevators and escalators.  Cables and motors are cleaned and lubricated, and any malfunctioning parts are replaced.  After repair, the elevator is tested for proper and safe operation.

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Cleaning of elevator shafts.  Refer to Code 5474 “Painting or Decorating – NOC – All Operations to Completion & Drivers.”

  2. Inspection of elevators or escalators.  Refer to Code 8731 “Boiler Inspection.”

  3. Manufacturing of elevators or escalators.  Refer to Code 3042 “Elevator or Escalator Mfg.”

 

Elevator or Escalator Mfg.

Note:

Description

Code 3042 applies to employers engaged in manufacturing passenger elevators, escalators, freight or construction elevators, moveable passenger walkways, and industrial elevator lifts.  In addition, this classification also includes manufacturing of parts used for repairing or modernizing existing elevators as well as manufacturing escalator treads and drives.   

In the shop, materials such as sheet steel, cast iron and sheet aluminum are cut to size according to specifications.  There may be some foundry work performed to prepare parts for subsequent machining.  The machinery or equipment used in the manufacturing process may consist of punch presses, boring mills, grinders, drill presses, shears, welding equipment, saws, planers, coil winders, foundry equipment and spray-painting equipment.
   

Assignment By Analogy

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Automobile repair shop lift.  Refer to Code 3612 “Pump Mfg.”
    2. Conveyor machinery such as those used by supermarkets, warehouses and other businesses that are used to transport merchandise from one point to another.  Refer to Code 3632 “Machine Shop – NOC.”    
  2. Grain elevator operations.  Refer to Code 8102 “Seed Merchant.”

  3. Inspecting freight or passenger elevators, escalators or industrial elevator lifts.  Refer to Code 8731 “Boiler Inspection.”  

 

Note:

Description

Code 2388 applies to employers engaged in embroidering textile fabrics. 

Embroidery backings such as cloth, paper and silk, wool, cotton, rayon, nylon or other synthetic yarns are received from outside sources.  Patterns may be punched on paper or created on computer-driven embroidery machinery from which designs are stitched into cloth.  The cloth is removed, and designs may be cut out.
 
Embroidery by hand consisting of hand knitting or crocheting of wearing apparel, household furnishings or trimmings is also contemplated by this classification. 

Additional operations contemplated by this classification: Nailhead Ornamentation – attaching of nailheads or similar articles to textile fabrics by means of foot presses, pleating and stitching or tucking – women’s dress fabrics or trimmings – not clothing manufacturing, trimming or ribbons – hand sewing on finished garments, and manufacturing lace fabrics.

Assignment By Analogy

Badges – embroidered

Operations To Be Separately Rated

  1. Manufacturing:
    1. Badges or cloth emblems. Refer to Code 2553 “Furnishing Goods Mfg. – NOC – From Textile Fabrics.”
    2. Knitted wearing apparel by an employer that does not knit the piece goods material. Refer to Code 2501 “Clothing Mfg.”
    3. Nailheads – metal ornaments – by automatic stamping process. Refer to Code 3129 “Buckle or Button Mfg. – Metal.”
    4. Sequins. Refer to Code 3270 “Fastener Mfg. – Metal.”
  2. Textile, thread or lace dyeing and finishing performed by a specialty contractor. Refer to Code 2413 “Textile – Bleaching, Dyeing, Mercerizing, Finishing.”
  3. Knitting by machine.  Refer to Code 2362 “Knit Goods Mfg. – NOC.”

  4. Covering metal buttons with fabric by machine.  Refer to Code 4475 “Plastics Mfg. – Molded Products – NOC.”

Emery Works & Drivers