Modifications for eligible risks generally are determined on an annual basis and are effective for a period of 12 months. However, as provided in this Plan, certain circumstances may result in a reduced or extended application of an modification. Refer to Section (4)(D) of this Rule.
Only one modification applies to a risk at any given time and it applies to all operations of the risk.
Modifications are applied to the premium developed by the use of the carrier’s rates in force on the effective date of the modification.
- Revision of Payroll
An insurance provider may discover within the audit period (within three years of policy expiration) that previously reported payroll must be revised. When the Rating Board receives these corrections, it will revise the current and up to two preceding modifications. Refer to Part VI of the Statistical Plan for circumstances under which revised payroll values are required.
Revision of Losses
Revised unit reports (correction reports) to 1st, 2nd, and 3rd reports may be submitted in accordance with the Statistical Plan. With limited exception as indicated below, the Rating Board will use all payroll and loss correction reports in the production of the appropriate modifications. Refer to Part V of the Statistical Plan for circumstances under which revised loss values are required.
Submission of revised loss values on unit reports will result in the automatic recalculation of the current and, if applicable, up to two preceding modifications when:
Originally reported loss values were incorrect due to clerical or processing error
An originally reported claim is non-compensable inits entirety as defined in Part IV(17)(e) of the Statistical Plan.
An originally reported claim is partially non-compensable and corrections are reported in accordance with Part IV, Item (9)(B) of the Statistical Plan.
Data obtained from carriers, including insolvent carriers and insolvent carrier data obtained from third party sources, has been submitted later than the customary due date schedule for unit statistical reports.
Submission of revised loss values when a subrogation recovery is applicable to a claim will result in the automatic recalculation of the current and up to six preceding modifications. If a subrogation recovery is obtained in an action against a third-party, the current modification is that which is in effect when the insurance provider determines the revised loss value.
In cases where a claim has been officially determined by the courts or ruling by the Workers’ Compensation Board to be fully or partially fraudulent, the submission of revised loss values will result in the automatic recalculation of the current and up to six preceding modifications. If a claim is officially declared fraudulent, the current modification is that which is in effect when the official declaration of fraud is made.
In cases where a claim involves a subrogation recovery, or is declared fully or partially fraudulent, the respective identifiers must be included on the revised unit statistical reports. Failure to properly identify these cases will result in no change in the modification. Refer to Part IV of the Statistical Plan for appropriate coding information.
Corrections in Classifications
A risk’s classification(s) may be corrected in accordance with the New York Workers’ Compensation and Employers’ Liability Manual. When a classification assigned to a risk is revised other than as a result of a change in risk operations, the modification may be recalculated by the Rating Board. The purpose of such recalculation is to produce a modification using rating values that correspond to the class rates charged on a policy.
In such circumstances, the Rating Board will act to ensure the proper calculation and application of modifications. This includes, but is not limited to:
- Reassigning past payroll to the appropriate classification code(s) and rating values
- Using correction reports submitted in accordance with the Statistical Plan
- Reviewing the information submitted regarding each change and determining the impact, if any, on the modification(s) of the entities involved
- Requesting additional information, if necessary, due to the complexity of certain corrections
The Rating Board will not revise an existing modification if the change in classification is a result of:
- A change in risk operations
- A filed and approved change to the classification system
Losses for which a third-party claim has been made are included in the calculation of a modification under the following conditions:
Use the loss as reported at full value.
Use the following procedure to adjust the loss amount:
- Determine the loss amount prior to settlement
- Subtract the amount recovered
- Add the expenses incurred in obtaining the recovery
- If the amount in (iii) exceeds the recovery amount in (ii), use the loss amount in (i) prior to settlement
Liability-Over refers to suits or claims brought against an insured by third parties to recover all or a portion of damages obtained from such third parties by the insured’s employees because of a bodily injury sustained by these employees arising out of and in the course of employment. When a risk’s incurred losses include liability-over claims, the inclusion of such losses in the experience rating calculation is as follows. When settled liability-over claims result in:
No payment to a third-party – The experience rating calculation will include any allocated claim adjustment expense incurred in defending such claims. This expense is limited to the Primary/Excess Split Point applicable to the risk.
Payment to a third-party – No change is made in the loss valuation used in the calculation of the current modification. At the next valuation date, the calculation will include the settlement amount plus any allocated claim adjustment expense incurred in defending such claims. This expense and settlement amount is limited to the Primary/Excess Split Point applicable to the risk.
For unsettled claims, incurred loss values are included in the experience rating calculation.
The following table provides the minimum data requirements for all experience periods possible under this Plan. Refer to Rule 2 (E)(1) of this Plan for more information on experience period.
|Number of Months of
1st Report Unit
|Number of Months of
1st Report Unit
|Less than 12
- Exceptions to Minimum Data Requirements
Modifications will be issued when the Rating Board determines that the:
- Risk has had a lapse in coverage
Insurance provider is insolvent and not expected to report unit statistical data.
- Submissions of Missing Data
When the missing data is submitted according to the Statistical Plan, the Rating Board will revise the current modification, and if applicable, up to two preceding modifications.
The rating effective date determines the application of a modification. The rating effective date is determined according to Rule 2 (B)(3) of this plan. A modification will apply for:
- No less than three months, except for those impacted by changes in ownership and combinability status according to Rule 3 of this Plan.
- No more than 15 months
For Single Policy Risks
The modification applies for the full term of:
- The policy beginning on that date, or
Any other policy beginning up to three months after that date.
If a new policy begins more than three months after the rating effective date, the following procedure applies:
- The current modification applies to the new policy until the date the modification expires.
A renewal modification applies to the new policy until the date the policy expires.
- A new rating effective date may be established. Usually, this will be the date 12 months after the effective date of the new policy.
For Multiple Policy Risks
If a risk is covered by two or more policies with different effective dates, the following procedure applies:
- A modification is issued to be effective for 12 months. This modification applies to the portion of each policy falling within that 12-month period, regardless of the policy’s effective and expiration dates.
A renewal modification applies to each policy as described above in 2(a).
- The Rating Board will review the effective dates of the multiple policies and may authorize the application of a modification for a period of other than 12 months.